15 Aug 1498  Discovered and claimed for Spain by Christopher Columbus,
                             named Isla de Concepción.
               1523         Named on maps as Isla Granada.
        1609 - 1609         Brief English settlement.
               20 Jun 1650  French colony (La Grenade)(under the Compagnie des Indies
                             Occidentales rule 1664 - 1674).
        1649 - 1762         Part of French Antilles colony (under Martinique).
               05 Apr 1762  British occupation.
               10 Feb 1763  British colony, recognized by France in Treaty of Paris.
        1764 - 1802         Part of (British) Southern Caribbean (Caribbee) Islands
                             colony (Dominica, St. Vincent, the Grenadines, Grenada
                             and Tobago).
 04 Jul 1779 - Sep 1783     French occupation.
 01 Apr 1833 - 01 Jan 1960  Part of the Windward Islands (Barbados [to 1885], Dominica
                             [from 1940], Grenada, St. Lucia [from 1838], St. Vincent,
                             Tobago [to 1889]).
 03 Jan 1958 - 31 May 1962  Part of the Federation of the West Indies
                             (under Trinidad and Tobago).
               23 Sep 1955  Hurricane Janet with winds of 185 km/h, causing severe damage.
               03 Mar 1967  Associated state
               07 Feb 1974  Independence as Grenada from U.K. (in much official, but
                             legally unsanctioned, use: Grenada, Carriacou and
                             Petite Martinique‏).
 13 Mar 1979 - 25 Oct 1983  People's Revolutionary Government.
 25 Oct 1983 - 06 Nov 1983  Occupied by U.S. and East Caribbean forces.
               07 Sep 2004  Hurricane Ivan causing severe damage and 39 deaths.
               14 Jul 2005  Hurricane Emily causing serious damage in Carriacou.

Grenada is an island country and Commonwealth realm consisting of the island of Grenada and six smaller islands at the southern end of the Grenadines in the southeastern Caribbean Sea. Grenada is located northwest of Trinidad and Tobago, northeast of Venezuela, and southwest of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Grenada is also known as the "Island of Spice" because of the production of nutmeg and mace crops of which Grenada is one of the world's largest exporters. Its size is 344 square kilometres (133 sq mi).

Capital: St. George's.

The national bird of Grenada is the critically endangered Grenada Dove. It got independence from the United Kingdom on February 07, 1974.

Motto: “Ever Conscious of God We Aspire, Build and Advance as One People".

The island Grenada is the largest island in the Grenadines; smaller islands are Carriacou, Petit Martinique, Ronde Island, Caille Island, Diamond Island, Large Island, Saline Island and Frigate Island.

Most of the population lives on Grenada, and major towns there include the capital, St. George’s, Grenville and Gouyave. Full independence was attained on Feb. 4, 1974. Grenada is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. The prime minister is the Head of Government. Elizabeth II is Head of State as Queen of Grenada. The largest settlement on the other islands is Hillsborough on Carriacou. The islands are of volcanic origin with extremely rich soil. Grenada’s interior is very mountainous with Mount St. Catherine being the highest at 840 m. Several small rivers with beautiful waterfalls flow into the sea from these mountains. The climate is tropical: hot and humid in the rainy season and cooled by the trade winds in the dry season. Grenada, being on the southern edge of the hurricane belt, has suffered only three hurricanes in fifty years.
  • Claimed by Spain................................15 Aug 1498 - 20 Jun 1650
  • Grenada was first sighted by Europeans in 1498 during the third voyage of Christopher Columbus to the new world. At the time the indigenous Island Caribs (Kalinago) who lived there called it Camahogne. The Spaniards did not permanently settle on Camahogne. The English failed in their attempt at settlement in 1609.
  • France..........................................20 Jun 1650 - 05 Apr 1762
  • On March 17, 1649, a French expedition of 203 men from Martinique led by Jacques du Parquet founded a permanent settlement on Grenada.
  • Great Britain...................................05 Apr 1762 - 04 Jul 1779
  • The British captured Grenada during the Seven Years' War in 1762. Grenada was formally ceded to Britain by the Treaty of Paris in 1763.
  • France..........................................04 Jul 1779 - Sep 1783
  • The French re-captured the island during the American War of Independence, after Comte d'Estaing won the bloody land and naval Battle of Grenada in July 1779. However the island was restored to Britain with the Treaty of Versailles in 1783.
  • Great Britain......................................Sep 1783 - 07 Feb 1974
  • Britain was hard pressed to overcome a pro-French revolt in 1795–1796 led by Julien Fedon. In 1877 Grenada was made a Crown colony. On March 3, 1967, Grenada was granted full autonomy over its internal affairs as an Associated State. It became a Self-governing dependency in 1973.
    • Governors of associated state
    • Ian Graham Turbott................................1967 - 1968
    • He served as a administrator from 1964 to 1967 before this position. He also served as administrator of Antigua (1958-64).
    • Hilda Louise Bynoe (female).......................1968 - 21 Jan 1974
    • She is known from 01 Jan 1969 as Dame Hilda Louise Bynoe.
    • Leo Victor de Gale (acting)................24 Jan 1974 - 07 Feb 1974
  • Independent within the Commonwealth.............07 Feb 1974 - date
  • Governors-general (representing the British monarch as head of state)
  • Leo Victor de Gale (continued)..................07 Feb 1974 - 04 Oct 1978
  • He is known from 12 Feb 1974 as Sir Leo Victor de Gale.
  • Paul Scoon......................................04 Oct 1978 - 31 Jul 1992
  • He is known from 10 Apr 1979 as Sir Paul Scoon. Some years later a dispute developed between Prime Minister Maurice Rupert Bishop and certain high-ranking members of the NJM (New Jewel Movement). Though Bishop cooperated with Cuba and the USSR on various trade and foreign policy issues, he sought to maintain a "non-aligned" status. Bishop had been taking his time making Grenada wholly socialist, encouraging private-sector development in an attempt to make the island a popular tourist destination. On October 14, 1983, Winston Bernard Coard and his wife Phyllis, backed by the Grenadian Army, led a coup against the government of Maurice Bishop and placed Bishop under house arrest. These actions led to street demonstrations in various parts of the island. Bishop had enough support from the population that he was eventually freed after a demonstration in the capital. When Bishop attempted to resume power, he was captured and executed on 19th Oct by soldiers along with seven others, including government cabinet ministers. The Coard regime then put the island under martial law. After the execution of Bishop, the People's Revolutionary Army formed a military government with General Hudson Austin as chairman. The army declared a four-day total curfew, during which (it said) anyone leaving their home without approval would be shot on sight. Governor-General Scoon was prevented from exercising functions on 20-25 Oct 1983. US President Reagan was worried that Cuba – under the direction of the Soviet Union – would use Grenada as a refueling stop for Cuban and Soviet airplanes loaded with weapons destined for Central American communist insurgents. On October 25, combined forces from the United States and from the Regional Security System (RSS) based in Barbados invaded Grenada in an operation codenamed Operation Urgent Fury. The U.S. stated this was done at the behest of Prime Minister Eugenia Charles of Dominica. While the Governor-General of Grenada, Sir Paul Scoon, later stated that he had also requested the invasion, it was highly criticized by the governments of Britain, Trinidad and Tobago and Canada. The United Nations General Assembly condemned it as "a flagrant violation of international law" by a vote of 108 in favor to 9, with 27 abstentions. The United Nations Security Council considered a similar resolution, which failed to pass when vetoed by the United States. When U.S. troops withdrew from Grenada in December 1983, Nicholas Brathwaite of the National Democratic Congress was appointed prime minister of an interim administration by the Scoon until elections could be organized. The first democratic elections since 1976 were held in December 1984 and were won by the Grenada National Party under Herbert Blaize who served as Prime Minister.
  • Commander of U.S. and East Caribbean Forces
  • Joseph "Joe" Metcalf III (U.S.)..................25 Oct 1983 - 09 Dec 1983
  • Governors-general (representing the British monarch as head of state)
  • Reginald Oswald Palmer...........................31 Jul 1992 - 08 Aug 1996
  • He was acting till 06 Aug 1992. He is known from 02 Oct 1992 as Sir Reginald Oswald Palmer.
  • Daniel Charles Williams..........................08 Aug 1996 - 18 Nov 2008
  • He is known from 13 Sep 1996 as Sir Daniel Williams.
  • Carlyle Arnold Glean..............................27 Nov 2008 - 07 May 2013
  • He is known from 10 Feb 2009 as Sir Carlyle Glean.
  • Dame Cécile Ellen Fleurette La Grenade (female)...07 May 2013 - date
Monetary standard: East Caribbean Dollar = 100 cents.

The early coinage of Grenada consists of cut and countermarked pieces of Spanish or Spanish Colonial Reales, which were valued at 11 Bits. In 1787 8 Reales coins were cut into 11 triangular pieces and countermarked with an incuse G. Later in 1814 large denomination cut pieces were issued being 1/2, 1/3 or 1/6 cuts and countermarked with a TR, incuse G and a number6, 4,2, or 1 indicating the value in bitts.

The East Caribbean dollar (sign: $; code: XCD) is the currency of eight of the nine members of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (the one exception being the British Virgin Islands). It has existed since 1965, being the successor to the British West Indies dollar, and it is normally abbreviated with the dollar sign $ or, alternatively, EC$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. The EC$ is subdivided into 100 cents. It has been pegged to the United States dollar since July 07, 1976 and the exchange rate is US$1 = EC$2.70. Six of the states using the EC$ are independent states: Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. The other two are British overseas territories: Anguilla and Montserrat. Commemorative coins were produced by Grenada in 1970, 1985 and 1988.
Grenada commemorative coins

KM#15 4 Dollars. Year: 1970. Weight: 28.18 grams. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Edge: Reeded. Diameter: 38.50 mm. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint. Obverse: Grenada associated state Coat and Arms in the center having Nutmeg fruit in mace. "GRENADA" and date below it. "INAUGURATION OF THE CARIBBEAN DEVELOPMENT BANK" around. Reverse: Sugar cane and Banana tree branches in the center. "GROW MORE FOOD FOR MANKIND" on the top part and value "4 DOLLARS" at the bottom. F.A.O issue. Mintage: 15,000 (including 2,000 proof pieces). Minted Years: One year type. Governor: Dame Hilda Louise Bynoe (1968 - 21 Jan 1974) associated state under British monarch: Elizabeth II [Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor].

KM#17 100 Dollars. Year: 1988. Weight: 129.59 grams. Metal: .925 Silver. Edge: Reeded. Diameter: 63.00 mm. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint. Obverse: Grenada Coat and Arms with Motto: "Ever Conscious of God We Aspire, Build and Advance as One People" within the center circle. "GRENADA" written at the top above the center circle and date at the bottom. Reverse: Tropical birds - Grenada Dove. "ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS" written at the top. Mintage: 10,000 (estimated). Minted Years: One year type. Governor-General: Paul Scoon (04 Oct 1978 - 31 Jul 1992) under British monarch: Elizabeth II [Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor].
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