Countries and Territories
 
Below is the list of Countries, sub-divided into rulers, dynasties, territories and disputed areas based on coin collection. To collect coins of different Countries and Territories, one should have a good knowledge about geographically location, how to read and intercept languages written on them, various dating systems, old and new currencies used. You should spend some time on reading reference books on coins and related information. To me coin is a piece of history in your hand. It reminds you of historical events, personality, rise and fall of a nation, endanger flora and fauna and much more. Have a look on the links below, containing images and information of coins in my collection:
 
 
The Antarctic Treaty System, formed on 1 December 1959 and entered into force on 23 June 1961, establishes the legal framework for the management of Antarctica and provides administration for the continent, which is carried out through consultative member meetings. It freezes the territorial claims of all signatories (all claimants have acceded) for as long as the treaty is in force. However, it is not a final settlement; parties can choose to withdraw from the System at any time. Furthermore, only a minority of states have signed it, and it is not formally sanctioned by the United Nations. Thus, Antarctica remains the only part of the planet any (non-signatory) state can still lay claim to as terra nullius (on the grounds of it not having been part of any existing state's legal and effective territory).
 
  • COMBINED CURRENCIES
    • AUSTRALIAN DOLLAR: It is used in Commonwealth of Australia and it's territories like: Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Norfolk Island. It is as well used in the independent Pacific Island states: Kiribati, Nauru and Tuvalu. These independent countries are also having their own regular and/or commemoratives coinage pegged to Australian Dollar.
    • CFA FRANC - EQUATORIAL AFRICAN STATES: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.
    • CFA FRANC - WEST AFRICAN STATES: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo.
    • EAST CARIBBEAN STATES DOLLAR: Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. The other two are British overseas territories: Anguilla and Montserrat.
    • EURO: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain. French overseas possessions: French Guiana, Réunion, Saint-Pierre et Miquelon, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saint-Barthélemy, Saint Martin, Mayotte, and the uninhabited Clipperton Island and the French Southern and Antarctic Lands; the Portuguese autonomous regions of the Azores and Madeira; and the Spanish Canary Islands. European microstates: Monaco, San Marino, and Vatican City. Beside them, it is used also by Andorra, Montenegro, Kosovo, and Akrotiri and Dhekelia.
      • Currencies pegged to the euro by French Territories are: French Polynesia, New Caledonia and Wallis and Futuna (using the CFP franc); Bonsia and Herzegovina, Cape Verde, Morocco, São Tomé and Príncipe, The Comoros; and fourteen nations of Central and West Africa (using the CFA franc).
    • INDIAN RUPEE is used commonly used in Bhutan and Nepal. These countries have their own currencies pegged to Indian Rupee.
    • NEW ZEALAND DOLLAR: New Zealand Self Governing Territories: Cook Islands and Niue. New Zealand Non-Self-Governing Territory: Tokelau. All these three territories are also having their own regular and/or commemoratives coinage. It also circulates in Pitcairn Islands.
    • POUND STERLING: It is used in United Kingdom. UK Territories and dependencies: British Antarctic Territories and British Indian Ocean Territory. Other UK territories and crown colonies along with their own regular and/or commemoratives coinage are also pegged and use Pound Sterling: Alderney (part of Guernsey), British Antarctica Territories, Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Guernsey, Isle of Man, Jersey, Saint Helena and dependencies, Pitcairn Islands and South George and South Sandwich Islands.
    • RUSSIAN RUBLE is used by Georgia and also by de facto independent states: Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
    • SWISS FRANC is also used by Liechtenstein.
    • TURKISH LIRA is used by Turkish Republish of Northern Cyprus along with Euro.
    • US DOLLAR USA and all US Territories. The former members of the U.S. Administered Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, which included Palau, the Federated States of Micronesia, and the Marshall Islands. They chose not to issue their own currency after becoming independent, having all using the U.S. dollar since 1944. Two British dependencies: The British Virgin Islands (1959) and Turks and Caicos Islands (1973). Other countries also use US Dollar as their officially currency: East Timor (2000), Ecuador (2000) and El Salvador (2001). The Netherlands Antilles guilder was replaced by the US dollar on 01st January 2011 on Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius.
      • Currencies pegged to the US Dollar by Countries are: The Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau (actually pegged to Hong Kong), Oman, Panama, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates. East Caribbean States Dollar is also pegged to US Dollar.
 

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