Mauritania
 

 
Mauritania (Arabic: موريتانيا‎ Mūrītānyā; Berber languages: Muritanya or Agawej; Wolof: Gànnaar; Soninke: Murutaane; Pulaar: Moritani; French: Mauritanie), officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania (Arabic: الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية; French: République islamique de Mauritanie), is a country in the Northwestern Africa. It is the eleventh largest country in Africa and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Western Sahara in the north, Algeria in the northeast, Mali in the east and southeast, and Senegal in the southwest. It has an area of 1,025,520 sq km. The country derives its name from the ancient Berber kingdom of Mauretania, which existed from the 3rd century BC to the 7th century in the far north of modern-day Morocco and Algeria. Approximately 90% of Mauritania's land is within the Sahara; consequently, the population is concentrated in the south, where precipitation is slightly higher. The capital and largest city is Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast, which is home to around one-third of the country's 4.3 million people. The government was overthrown on 06 August 2008, in a military coup d'état led by General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz. On 16 April 2009, Aziz resigned from the military to run for president in the 19 July elections, which he won. About 20% of Mauritanians live on less than US$1.25 per day. Mauritania suffers from several human rights issues, including slavery, as at least 4% of the population (155,600 people) are enslaved. Mauritania was the last country to legally abolish slavery; it only became punishable as a criminal act in 2007. Motto: شرف إخاء عدل [Honor, Fraternity, Justice]. Territorial Dispute: Mauritanian claims to Western Sahara remain dormant.
 
               12 May 1903  French protectorate of Mauritania.
               18 Oct 1904  French civil territory of Mauritania
                             (part of French West Africa; under Senegal).
               12 Jan 1920  French colony.
 16 Jun 1940 - 23 Nov 1942  Administration loyal to Vichy France.
 23 Nov 1942 - 24 Dec 1942  under François Darlan of Free French.
               27 Oct 1946  Mauritania overseas territory of France.
               28 Nov 1958  Autonomy (Islamic Republic of Mauritania).
               28 Nov 1960  Independence from France.
 26 Feb 1976 - 11 Aug 1979  Annexes southwestern Western Sahara.
               12 Jul 1991  Constitution.
               28 Nov 2017  Flag and National Anthem changed.
 
 

 
 
  • France..........................................12 May 1903 - 28 Nov 1960
  • Commandant
  • Xavier Coppolani................................12 May 1903 - Nov 1904 d. 1905
  • Commissioners
  • Xavier Coppolani (continued).......................Nov 1904 - 12 May 1905
  • Louis Frèrejean (acting)........................12 May 1905 - 27 May 1905 d. 1917
  • Bernard Laurent Montané-Capdebosq...............27 May 1905 - Nov 1907 d. 1921
  • Henri Joseph Eugène Gouraud........................Nov 1907 - 1909 d. 1946
  • Claudel (acting)..............................................1909
  • Aubert (acting)...............................................1909
  • Henri Hippolyte Patey...........................01 Jan 1910 - 01 Mar 1912 d. 1957
  • Charles Paul Isidore Mouret.....................01 Mar 1912 - 25 May 1914 d. 1914
  • Louis Jules Albert Obissier........................May 1914 - 20 Nov 1916 d. 1916
  • Nicolas Jules Henri Gaden.......................20 Nov 1916 - 11 Dec 1920 d. 1939
  • Lieutenant governors
  • Nicolas Jules Henri Gaden (continued)...........11 Dec 1920 - 09 Nov 1926
  • Albéric Auguste Fournier........................09 Nov 1926 - 13 Jan 1928
  • Alphonse Paul Albert Choteau....................13 Jan 1928 - 21 Nov 1929 d. 1936
  • René Héctor Émile Chazal........................21 Nov 1929 - 19 Jun 1931
  • Gabriel Omer Descemet (1st time acting).........19 Jun 1931 - 22 Jun 1933 d. 1961
  • Louis Jean François Antonin (acting)............22 Jun 1933 - 07 Apr 1934
  • Gabriel Omer Descemet (2nd time)................07 Apr 1934 - 05 Jul 1934
  • Adolphe Deitte..................................05 Jul 1934 - Aug 1934 d. 1949
  • Jean-Baptiste Victor Chazelas (1st time acting)....Aug 1934 - 01 Nov 1934 d. 1953
  • Richard Edmond Maurice Édouard Brunot...........01 Nov 1934 - 15 Apr 1935 d. 1958
  • Jean-Baptiste Victor Chazelas (2nd acting)......15 Apr 1935 - 10 Nov 1935
  • Jules Marcel de Coppet..........................10 Nov 1935 - 01 Sep 1936 d. 1968
  • Jean Louis Beyriès (1st time acting)............01 Sep 1936 - 24 Oct 1936 d. 1974
  • Oswald Durand...................................24 Oct 1936 - 07 Aug 1938 d. 1982
  • Charles André Dumas (acting)....................07 Aug 1938 - Nov 1938
  • Jean Louis Beyriès (2nd time)......................Nov 1938 - 04 May 1944
  • He was acting to 28 Aug 1941.
    • Jean Chalvet (acting for Beyries).............Apr 1942 - May 1944 d. 1975
  • Christian Robert Roger Laigret..................04 May 1944 - 31 Jul 1945 d. 1977
  • René Babin (acting).............................31 Jul 1945 - 30 Apr 1946
  • Georges Poirier (acting)........................30 Apr 1946 - 19 Jul 1947
  • Lucien Eugène Geay (acting).....................19 Jul 1947 - 31 Dec 1947 d. 1976
  • Henry Jean Marie de Mauduit.....................31 Dec 1947 - 07 Aug 1949 d. 1975
  • Édouard Louis Terrac (acting)...................07 Aug 1949 - 27 Sep 1950 d. 1956
  • Jacques Camille Marie Rogué.....................27 Sep 1950 - 25 Apr 1952 d. 1980
  • Pierre Messmer..................................25 Apr 1952 - 06 Apr 1954 d. 2007
  • He was acting to 23 Feb 1953.
  • Albert Jean Mouragues (1st time)................06 Apr 1954 - 23 Jun 1955 d. 1978
  • Jean Paul Parisot...............................23 Jun 1955 - 14 May 1956 d. 1958
  • Albert Jean Mouragues (2nd time)................14 May 1956 - 05 Oct 1958
  • High commissioners
  • Henri Joseph Marie Bernard......................05 Oct 1958 - Feb 1959 d. 2000
  • Amédée Joseph Émile Jean Pierre Anthonioz..........Feb 1959 - 28 Nov 1960 d. 1996
  • President
  • Moktar Ould Daddah..............................28 Nov 1960 - 10 Jul 1978 d. 2003
  • He was acting Head of state to 25 Sep 1961. He served as Vice President of the Government Council: 21 May 1957 - 16 Jul 1958, President of the Council of Government: 16 Jul 1958 - 28 Nov 1958 and Prime minister: 28 Nov 1958 - 20 Aug 1961 (president of the provisional government to 26 Jun 1959).
  • President of the Military Committee for National Recovery (from 06 Apr 1979, Military Committee for National Salvation; from 20 Mar 1979 also styled Heads of State).
  • Mustafa Ould Salek..............................10 Jul 1978 - 03 Jun 1979 d. 2012
  • Mohamed Mahmoud Ould Louly......................03 Jun 1979 - 04 Jan 1980
  • Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidalla....................04 Jan 1980 - 12 Dec 1984
  • He served as Prime minister: 31 May 1979 - 12 Dec 1980 and 08 Mar 1984 - 12 Dec 1984.
  • Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya.....................12 Dec 1984 - 18 Apr 1992
  • He served as Prime minister: 25 Apr 1981 - 08 Mar 1984 and 12 Dec 1984 - 18 Apr 1992.
  • President.
  • Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya (continued).........18 Apr 1992 - 03 Aug 2005
  • Chairman of the Military Council for Justice and Democracy
  • Ely Ould Mohamed Vall...........................03 Aug 2005 - 19 Apr 2007 d. 2017
  • President
  • Sidi Mohamed Ould Cheikh Abdellahi..............19 Apr 2007 - 06 Aug 2008
  • Chairman of the High Council of State
  • Mohammed Ould Abdel Aziz........................06 Aug 2008 - 15 Apr 2009
  • Presidents
  • Ba Mamadou dit M'Baré (interim).................15 Apr 2009 - 05 Aug 2009 d. 2013
  • Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz.........................05 Aug 2009 - date
    • Moulaye Ould Mohamed Laghdaf (acting)......14 Oct 2012 - 24 Nov 2012
    • He was acting for Abdel Aziz. He also served as Prime Minister: 14 Aug 2008 - 20 Aug 2014.
 
 
Mauritania Coinage
Currency: The ouguiya (sign: UM; Arabic: أوقية‎; currency code: MRU), also spelled "ougiya", is the currency of Mauritania. Each ouguiya constitutes five khoums (singular and plural in English, Arabic: خمس‎, meaning "one fifth"). As such it is one of two circulating currencies, along with the Malagasy Ariary, whose division units are not based on a power of ten. The ouguiya was introduced in 1973, replacing the CFA franc at a rate of 1 ouguiya = 5 francs. The name "Ouguiya" (أوقية) is the Hassaniya Arabic pronunciation of "Awqiyyah" (أُوقِية), meaning "ounce".

According to Ordinance 135 of 18 June 1973 and preserving conversion on 29 June 1973,  1 CFA Franc [XOF] = 1/5 Ouguiya [MRO]. Therefore in the same year ⅕ (1 khoums), 1, 5, 10 and 20 ouguiya coins were introduced. This was the only year that the khoums was minted, as the ouguiya was worth five CFA Francs a khoums was the equivalent of the franc (which had no subdivision). The most recent issues were in 2003 (1 ouguiya) and 2004 (other denominations). Coins are minted at the Kremnica mint in Slovakia. The coinage slightly changed in 2009, with a reduced 1 ouguiya in plated composition and a bi-metallic 20 ouguiya issued. A bi-metallic 50 ouguiya was issued December 2010.

On 05 December 2017, the Central Bank of Mauritania announced a redenomination of its currency at a rate of 1:10. As part of the redenomination, a new series of coins will be issued in denominations of 1 khoums (⅕ Ouguiya), 1, 5, 10 and 20 ouguiya, with the latter being struck as a tri-metallic coin. As a consequence of this change, the ISO Currency Codes for the ouguiya were amended to MRU / 929 and the existing codes of MRO / 478 were retired as per ISO 4217 Amendment Number 165 dated 14 December 2017.

Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is also currently using Mauritania currency.

 
1973 (AH 1393)
 

KM#1 1/5 Ouguiya. Year: 1973 - AH1393. Weight: 1.37 g [1.40g]. Metal: Aluminum. Diameter: 21.50 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Kremnica (now in Slovakia). Obverse: Coat of Arms of Islamic Republic of Mauritania at the top. The denomination "1/5" dividing the year "1973" below the Coat of Arms. "BANQUE CENTRALE DE MAURITANIE" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in French, in circular form mostly at bottom section anti-clockwise.
Reverse: "البنك المركزي الموريتاني" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in Arabic in outer circle. Value "خمس" (Khoums) written at the top, Crescent & Star with Sprigs at the bottom; all within inner circle. Year "١٣٩٣" (1393) in Islamic (Hijri) calendar at the bottom with decoration on both sides. Mintage: 1,000,000 + N.A. in mint sets. Mintage Years: One year type.

KM#2 Ouguiya. Year: 1973 - AH1393. Weight: 3.26 g [3.50g]. Metal: Aluminum-Nickel-Bronze. Diameter: 21.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Kremnica (now in Slovakia). Obverse: Coat of Arms of Islamic Republic of Mauritania at the top. The denomination "1 OUGUIYA" dividing the year "1973" below the Coat of Arms. "BANQUE CENTRALE DE MAURITANIE" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in French, in circular form mostly at bottom section anti-clockwise.
Reverse: "البنك المركزي الموريتاني" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in Arabic in outer circle. Value with numeral "١" (1) with "أوقية" (Ouguiya) written in the center, Crescent & Star with Sprigs at the bottom; all within inner circle. Year "١٣٩٣" (1393) in Islamic (Hijri) calendar at the bottom with decoration on both sides in outer circle. Mintage: N.A + N.A. in mint sets. Mintage Years: One year type. Without "واحدة" Type.

KM#3 5 Ouguiya. Year: 1973 - AH1393. Weight: 5.73 g [6.00g]. Metal: Aluminum-Nickel-Bronze. Diameter: 25.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Kremnica (now in Slovakia). Obverse: Coat of Arms of Islamic Republic of Mauritania at the top. The denomination "5 OUGUIYA" dividing the year "1973" below the Coat of Arms. "BANQUE CENTRALE DE MAURITANIE" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in French, in circular form mostly at bottom section anti-clockwise.
Reverse: "البنك المركزي الموريتاني" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in Arabic in outer circle. Value with numeral "٥" (5) with "أوقيات‎" (Ouguiyat) written in the center, Crescent & Star with Sprigs at the bottom; all within inner circle. Year "١٣٩٣" (1393) in Islamic (Hijri) calendar at the bottom with decoration on both sides in outer circle. Mintage: N.A + N.A. in mint sets. Mintage Years: AH 1393 (1973), AH 1394 (1974), AH 1401 (1981), AH 1404 (1984), AH 1407 (1987), AH 1410 (1990), AH 1414 (1993), AH 1416 (1995), AH 1418 (1997), AH 1420 (1999) and AH 1423 (2003).

KM#4 10 Ouguiya. Year: 1973 - AH1393. Weight: 6.03 g [6.00g]. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 24.50 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Kremnica (now in Slovakia). Obverse: Coat of Arms of Islamic Republic of Mauritania at the top. The denomination "10 OUGUIYA" dividing the year "1973" below the Coat of Arms. "BANQUE CENTRALE DE MAURITANIE" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in French, in circular form mostly at bottom section anti-clockwise.

Reverse: "البنك المركزي الموريتاني" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in Arabic in outer circle. Value with numeral "١٠" (10) with "أوقيات‎" (Ouguiyat) written in the center, Crescent & Star with Sprigs at the bottom; all within inner circle. Year "١٣٩٣" (1393) in Islamic (Hijri) calendar at the bottom with decoration on both sides in outer circle. Mintage: N.A + N.A. in mint sets. Mintage Years: AH 1393 (1973), AH 1394 (1974), AH 1401 (1981), AH 1403 (1983), AH 1407 (1987), AH 1410 (1990), AH 1414 (1993), AH 1416 (1995), AH 1418 (1997), AH 1420 (1999) and AH 1423 (2003).

Same as above coin, but the reverse side is double strike as shown above. Weight:  5.78 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

KM#5 20 Ouguiya. Year: 1973 - AH1393. Weight: 8.38 g [8.00g]. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 28.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Kremnica (now in Slovakia). Obverse: Coat of Arms of Islamic Republic of Mauritania at the top. The denomination "20 OUGUIYA" dividing the year "1973" below the Coat of Arms. "BANQUE CENTRALE DE MAURITANIE" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in French, in circular form mostly at bottom section anti-clockwise.

Reverse: "البنك المركزي الموريتاني" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in Arabic in outer circle. Value with numeral "٢٠" (20) with "أوقية‎" (Ouguiya) written in the center, Crescent & Star with Sprigs at the bottom; all within inner circle. Year "١٣٩٣" (1393) in Islamic (Hijri) calendar at the bottom with decoration on both sides in outer circle. Mintage: N.A + N.A. in mint sets. Mintage Years: AH 1393 (1973), AH 1394 (1974), AH 1403 (1983), AH 1407 (1987), AH 1410 (1990), AH 1414 (1993), AH 1416 (1995), AH 1418 (1997), AH 1420 (1999) and AH 1423 (2003).

 
1974 (AH 1394)
 

KM#6 Ouguiya. Year: 1974 - AH1394. Weight: 3.44 g [3.50g]. Metal: Aluminum-Nickel-Bronze. Diameter: 21.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Kremnica (now in Slovakia). Obverse: Coat of Arms of Islamic Republic of Mauritania at the top. The denomination "1 OUGUIYA" dividing the year "1974" below the Coat of Arms. "BANQUE CENTRALE DE MAURITANIE" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in French, in circular form mostly at bottom section anti-clockwise.
Reverse: "البنك المركزي الموريتاني" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in Arabic in outer circle. Value with numeral "١" (1) with "أوقية واحدة" (One Ouguiya) written in the center, Crescent & Star with Sprigs at the bottom; all within inner circle. Year "١٣٩٤" (1394) in Islamic (Hijri) calendar at the bottom with decoration on both sides in outer circle. Mintage: N.A + N.A. in mint sets. Mintage Years: AH 1394 (1974), AH 1401 (1981), AH 1403 (1983), AH 1406 (1986), AH 1407 (1987), AH 1410 (1990), AH 1414 (1993), AH 1416 (1995) and AH 1423 (2003). With "واحدة" Type.

Same as above KM#3 5 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1974 - AH1394 (١٣٩٤ ). Weight: 6.14 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

Same as above KM#4 10 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1974 - AH1394 (١٣٩٤ ). Weight: 5.96 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

Same as above KM#5 20 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1974 - AH1394 (١٣٩٤ ). Weight: 7.91 g [8.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

 
1981 (AH 1401)
 

Same as above KM#6 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1981 - AH1401 (١٤٠١ ). Weight: 3.40 g [3.50g]. Mintage: N.A.

Same as above KM#3 5 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1981 - AH1401 (١٤٠١ ). Weight: 6.02 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

Same as above KM#4 10 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1981 - AH1401 (١٤٠١ ). Weight: 6.09 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A. 

Same as above coin, but on thin planchet.

Weight: 5.74 g [6.00g].

 
1983 (AH 1403)
 

Same as above KM#6 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1983 - AH1403 (١٤٠٣ ). Weight: 3.56 g [3.50g]. Mintage: N.A.

Same as above KM#4 10 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1983 - AH1403 (١٤٠٣ ). Weight: 5.81 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A. 

Same as above KM#5 20 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1983 - AH1403 (١٤٠٣ ). Weight: [8.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

 
1984 (AH 1404)
 

Same as above KM#3 5 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1984 - AH1404 (١٤٠٤ ). Weight: 5.67 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

 
1986 (AH 1406)
 

Same as above KM#6 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1986 - AH1406 (١٤٠٦ ). Weight: 3.51 g [3.50g]. Mintage: N.A.

 
1987 (AH 1407)
 

Same as above KM#6 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1987 - AH1407 (١٤٠٧ ). Weight: 3.58 g [3.50g]. Mintage: N.A.

Same as above KM#3 5 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1987 - AH1407 (١٤٠٧ ). Weight: 5.78 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

Same as above KM#4 10 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1987 - AH1407 (١٤٠٧ ). Weight: 5.95 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

Same as above KM#5 20 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1987 - AH1407 (١٤٠٧ ). Weight: 8.00 g [8.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

 
1990 (AH 1410)
 

Same as above KM#6 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1990 - AH1410 (١٤١٠ ). Weight: 3.62 g [3.50g]. Mintage: N.A.

Same as above KM#3 5 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1990 - AH1410 (١٤١٠ ). Weight: 5.97 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

Same as above KM#4 10 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1990 - AH1410 (١٤١٠ ). Weight: 5.96 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

Same as above KM#5 20 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1990 - AH1410 (١٤١٠ ). Weight: [8.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

 
1993 (AH 1414)
 

Same as above KM#6 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1993 - AH1414 (١٤١٤ ). Weight: 3.55 g [3.50g]. Mintage: N.A.

Same as above KM#3 5 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1993 - AH1414 (١٤١٤ ). Weight: 6.00 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

Same as above KM#4 10 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1993 - AH1414 (١٤١٤ ). Weight: 5.87 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

Same as above KM#5 20 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1993 - AH1414 (١٤١٤ ). Weight: [8.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

 
1995 (AH 1416)
 

Same as above KM#6 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1995 - AH1416 (١٤١٦ ). Weight: 3.51 g [3.50g]. Mintage: N.A.

Same as above KM#3 5 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1995 - AH1416 (١٤١٦ ). Weight: 5.90 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A. 

Same as above KM#4 10 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1995 - AH1416 (١٤١٦ ). Weight: 5.84 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A. 

Same as above KM#5 20 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1995 - AH1416 (١٤١٦ ). Weight: 7.72 g [8.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

 
1997 (AH 1418)
 

Same as above KM#3 5 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1997 - AH1418 (١٤١٨ ). Weight: 6.05 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

Same as above KM#4 10 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1997 - AH1418 (١٤١٨ ). Weight: 6.03 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

Same as above KM#5 20 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1997 - AH1418 (١٤١٨ ). Weight: 8.21 g [8.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

 
1999 (AH 1420)
 

Same as above KM#3 5 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1999 - AH1420 (١٤٢٠ ). Weight: 6.03 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

Same as above KM#4 10 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1999 - AH1420 (١٤٢٠ ). Weight: 6.05 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

Same as above KM#5 20 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 1999 - AH1420 (١٤٢٠ ). Weight: 8.04 g [8.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

 
 
2003 (AH 1423)
 

Same as above KM#6 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 2003 - AH1423 (١٤٢٣ ). Weight: 3.46 g [3.50g]. Mintage: N.A.

Same as above KM#3 5 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 2003 - AH1423 (١٤٢٣ ). Weight: 5.96 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A. 

Same as above KM#4 10 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 2003 - AH1423 (١٤٢٣ ). Weight: [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A. 

Same as above KM#5 20 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 2003 - AH1423 (١٤٢٣ ). Weight: 8.07 g [8.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

 
2004 (AH 1425)
 

KM#3a 5 Ouguiya. Year: 2004 - AH1425. Weight: 6.05 g [6.00g]. Metal: Bronze plated Steel. Diameter: 25.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: N.A. Obverse: Coat of Arms of Islamic Republic of Mauritania at the top. The denomination "5 OUGUIYA" dividing the year "2004" below the Coat of Arms. "BANQUE CENTRALE DE MAURITANIE" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in French, in circular form mostly at bottom section anti-clockwise.
Reverse: "البنك المركزي الموريتاني" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in Arabic in outer circle. Value with numeral "٥" (5) with "أوقيات‎" (Ouguiyat) written in the center, Crescent & Star with Sprigs at the bottom; all within inner circle. Year "١٤٢٥" (1425) in Islamic (Hijri) calendar at the bottom with decoration on both sides in outer circle. Mintage: N.A. Mintage Years: AH 1425 (2004) and AH 1426 (2005). KM#3a has changed metal composition from KM#3.

KM#4a 10 Ouguiya. Year: 2004 - AH1425. Weight: 6.09 g [6.00g]. Metal: Nickel plated Steel. Diameter: 24.50 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Coin. Mint: N.A. Obverse: Coat of Arms of Islamic Republic of Mauritania at the top. The denomination "10 OUGUIYA" dividing the year "2004" below the Coat of Arms. "BANQUE CENTRALE DE MAURITANIE" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in French, in circular form mostly at bottom section anti-clockwise.
Reverse: "البنك المركزي الموريتاني" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in Arabic in outer circle. Value with numeral "١٠" (10) with "أوقيات‎" (Ouguiyat) written in the center, Crescent & Star with Sprigs at the bottom; all within inner circle. Year "١٤٢٥" (1425) in Islamic (Hijri) calendar at the bottom with decoration on both sides in outer circle. Mintage: N.A + N.A. in mint sets. Mintage Years: AH 1425 (2004), AH 1426 (2005), AH 1430 (2009) and AH 1434 (2012).

KM#5a 20 Ouguiya. Year: 2004 - AH1425. Weight: 8.00 g [8.00g]. Metal: Nickel plated Steel. Diameter: 28.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Coin. Mint: N.A. Obverse: Coat of Arms of Islamic Republic of Mauritania at the top. The denomination "20 OUGUIYA" dividing the year "2004" below the Coat of Arms. "BANQUE CENTRALE DE MAURITANIE" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in French, in circular form mostly at bottom section anti-clockwise.

Reverse: "البنك المركزي الموريتاني" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in Arabic in outer circle. Value with numeral "٢٠" (20) with "أوقية‎" (Ouguiya) written in the center, Crescent & Star with Sprigs at the bottom; all within inner circle. Year "١٤٢٥" (1425) in Islamic (Hijri) calendar at the bottom with decoration on both sides in outer circle. Mintage: N.A + N.A. in mint sets. Mintage Years: AH 1425 (2004) and AH 1426 (2005).

 
2005 (AH 1426)
 

Same as above KM#3a 5 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 2005 - AH1426 (١٤٢٦ ). Weight: 5.81 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A. 

Same as above KM#4a 10 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 2005 - AH1426 (١٤٢٦ ). Weight: 5.80 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A. 

Same as above KM#5a 20 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 2005 - AH1426 (١٤٢٦ ). Weight: 7.72 g [8.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

 
2009 (AH 1430)
 

KM#10 Ouguiya. Year: 2009 - AH1430. Weight: 3.79 g [3.80g]. Metal: Nickel plated Steel. Diameter: 20.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: N.A. Obverse: Coat of Arms of Islamic Republic of Mauritania at the top. The denomination "1 OUGUIYA" dividing the year "2009" below the Coat of Arms. "BANQUE CENTRALE DE MAURITANIE" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in French, in circular form mostly at bottom section anti-clockwise.
Reverse: "البنك المركزي الموريتاني" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in Arabic in outer circle. Value with numeral "١" (1) with "أوقية" (Ouguiya) written in the center, Crescent & Star with Sprigs at the bottom; all within inner circle. Year "١٤٣٠" (1430) in Islamic (Hijri) calendar at the bottom with decoration on both sides in outer circle. Mintage: N.A. Mintage Years: One year type. Without "واحدة" Type.

KM#3b 5 Ouguiya. Year: 2009 - AH1430. Weight: 5.48 g [5.50g]. Metal: Bronze plated Steel. Diameter: 24.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: N.A. Obverse: Coat of Arms of Islamic Republic of Mauritania at the top. The denomination "5 OUGUIYA" dividing the year "2009" below the Coat of Arms. "BANQUE CENTRALE DE MAURITANIE" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in French, in circular form mostly at bottom section anti-clockwise.
Reverse: "البنك المركزي الموريتاني" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in Arabic in outer circle. Value with numeral "٥" (5) with "أوقيات‎" (Ouguiyat) written in the center, Crescent & Star with Sprigs at the bottom; all within inner circle. Year "١٤٣٠" (1430) in Islamic (Hijri) calendar at the bottom with decoration on both sides in outer circle. Mintage: N.A. Mintage Years: AH 1430 (2009) and AH 1434 (2012). KM#3b has reduced size from KM#3a.

Same as above KM#4a 10 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 2009 - AH1430 (١٤٣٠ ). Weight: 5.97 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A. 

KM#8 20 Ouguiya. Year: 2009 - AH1430. Weight: 6.87 g [7.00g]. Metal: Bi-Metallic: Nickel plated Steel (center) and Bronze plated Steel (ring). Diameter: 26.00 mm. Edge: Reeded and Plain (3 patches each). Alignment: Coin. Mint: Kremnica, Slovakia. Obverse: Coat of Arms of Islamic Republic of Mauritania at the top. The denomination "20 OUGUIYA" dividing the year "2009" below the Coat of Arms. "BANQUE CENTRALE DE MAURITANIE" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in French, in circular form mostly at bottom section anti-clockwise.
Reverse: "البنك المركزي الموريتاني" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in Arabic in outer circle. Value with numeral "٢٠" (20) with "أوقية‎" (Ouguiya) written in the center, Crescent & Star with Sprigs at the bottom; all within inner circle. Year "١٤٣٠" (1430) in Islamic (Hijri) calendar at the bottom with decoration on both sides in outer circle. Mintage: N.A. Mintage Years: AH 1430 (2009), AH 1431 (2010) and AH 1435 (2014). Release Date: 08 December 2009 by Kremnica Mint, Slovakia.
 
2010 (AH 1431)
 

Same as above KM#8 20 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 2010 - AH1431 (١٤٣١ ). Weight: 6.92 g [7.00g]. Mintage: N.A. Mint: Paris, France.

KM#9 50 Ouguiya. Year: 2010 - AH1431. Weight: 8.24 g [8.30g]. Metal: Bi-Metallic: Brass plated Steel (center) and Nickel plated Steel (ring). Diameter: 28.00 mm. Edge: Reeded and Plain (7 patches each). Alignment: Coin. Mint: Paris, France. Obverse: Coat of Arms of Islamic Republic of Mauritania at the top. The denomination "50 OUGUIYA" dividing the year "2010" below the Coat of Arms. "BANQUE CENTRALE DE MAURITANIE" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in French, in circular form mostly at bottom section anti-clockwise.

Reverse: "البنك المركزي الموريتاني" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in Arabic in outer circle. Value with numeral "٥٠" (50) with "أوقية‎" (Ouguiya) written in the center, Crescent & Star with Sprigs at the bottom; all within inner circle. Year "١٤٣١" (1431) in Islamic (Hijri) calendar at the bottom with decoration on both sides in outer circle. Mintage: N.A. Mintage Years: AH 1431 (2010) and AH 1435 (2014).

 
2012 (AH 1434)
 

Same as above KM#3b 5 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 2012 - AH1434 (١٤٣٤ ). Weight: 5.51 g [5.50g]. Mintage: N.A. 

Same as above KM#4a 10 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 2012 - AH1434 (١٤٣٤ ). Weight: 5.96 g [6.00g]. Mintage: N.A. 

 
2014 (AH 1435)
 

Same as above KM#8 20 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 2014 - AH1435 (١٤٣٥ ). Weight: 7.03 g [7.00g]. Mintage: N.A.

Same as above KM#9 50 Ouguiya coin, but...

Year: 2014 - AH1435 (١٤٣٥ ). Weight: 8.13 g [8.30g]. Mintage: N.A.

 
2017 (AH 1439)
From this 1st of January 2018, ten ouguiyas become an ouguiya. This measure, announced on the national holiday on November 28 by President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, will, is meant to help the ouguiya to resume its place in financial transactions, to protect the purchasing power of the citizen and reduce the amount of money in circulation.
Note: On 05 December 05 2017, the Central Bank of Mauritania announced a redenomination of its currency at a rate of 1:10. As part of the redenomination, a new series of coins will be issued in denominations of 1 khoums (⅕ Ouguiya), 1, 5, 10 and 20 ouguiya, with the latter being struck as a tri-metallic coin and a new series of banknotes in denominations of 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1,000 ouguiya. The new ouguiya banknotes issued for the redenomination will be printed entirely on polymer. As a consequence of this change, the ISO Currency Codes for the ouguiya will be amended to MRU / 929 and the existing codes of MRO / 478 will be retired as per ISO 4217 Amendment Number 165 dated 14 December 2017. 10 Old Ouguiya = 1 New Ouguiya.

KM#11 1/5 Ouguiya. Year: 2017 - AH1439. Weight: 2.12 g [2.10g]. Metal: Copper plated Steel. Diameter: 16.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: N.A.
Obverse: "البنك المركزي الموريتاني" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in Arabic at the top section. Fish swimming right in the center. Value "1/5" written at the bottom with Date "2017" written at the bottom left side and "OUGUIYA" written at bottom right side. One star on each side at the bottom left and bottom right side. Decoration in circular form near the border.

Reverse: "الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية" (Islamic Republic of Mauritania) at the top section. Coat of Arms in the center. The denomination "١/٥" (1/5) written at the bottom with "أوقية" (Ouguiya) written at the bottom right side and Date "١٤٣٩" (1439) written at the bottom left side. One star on each side at the bottom left and bottom right side. Mintage: N.A. Mintage Years: One year type.

KM#12 1 Ouguiya. Year: 2017 - AH1439. Weight: 4.01 g [4.00g]. Metal: Nickel plated Steel. Diameter: 19.50 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Coin. Mint: N.A.
Obverse: "البنك المركزي الموريتاني" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in Arabic at the top section. Teapot in the center. Value "1" written at the bottom with Date "2017" written at the bottom left side and "OUGUIYA" written at bottom right side. One star on each side at the bottom left and bottom right side. Decoration in circular form near the border.

Reverse: "الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية" (Islamic Republic of Mauritania) at the top section. Coat of Arms in the center. The denomination "١" (1) written at the bottom with "أوقية" (Ouguiya) written at the bottom right side and Date "١٤٣٩" (1439) written at the bottom left side. One star on each side at the bottom left and bottom right side. Mintage: N.A. Mintage Years: One year type.

KM#13 5 Ouguiya. Year: 2017 - AH1439. Weight: 4.46 g [4.50g]. Metal: Nickel plated Steel. Diameter: 19.50 mm; 7-sided. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: N.A.

Obverse: "البنك المركزي الموريتاني" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in Arabic at the top section. Two traditional instruments in the center. Value "5" written at the bottom with Date "2017" written at the bottom left side and "OUGUIYA" written at bottom right side. One star on each side at the bottom left and bottom right side. Decoration in circular form near the border.

Reverse: "الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية" (Islamic Republic of Mauritania) at the top section. Coat of Arms in the center. The denomination "٥" (5) written at the bottom with "أواق" (Ouguiya) written at the bottom right side and Date "١٤٣٩" (1439) written at the bottom left side. One star on each side at the bottom left and bottom right side. Mintage: N.A. Mintage Years: One year type.

KM#14 10 Ouguiya. Year: 2017 - AH1439. Weight: 5.37 g [5.35g]. Metal: Bi-metallic; Nickel plated Steel (center) and Brass (ring). Diameter: 24.00 mm; 10-sided. Edge: Reeded but Plain at corners. Alignment: Coin. Mint: N.A.
Obverse: "البنك المركزي الموريتاني" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in Arabic at the top section. Cow standing facing right in the center. Value "10" written at the bottom with Date "2017" written at the bottom left side and "OUGUIYA" written at bottom right side. One star on each side at the bottom left and bottom right side. Decoration in circular form near the border.

Reverse: "الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية" (Islamic Republic of Mauritania) at the top section. Coat of Arms in the center. The denomination "١٠" (10) written at the bottom with "أواق" (Ouguiya) written at the bottom right side and Date "١٤٣٩" (1439) written at the bottom left side. One star on each side at the bottom left and bottom right side. Mintage: N.A. Mintage Years: One year type.

KM#15 20 Ouguiya. Year: 2017 - AH1439. Weight: 7.66 g [7.65g]. Metal: Tri-metallic; Bronze plated Steel (center), Nickel plated Steel (middle) and Brass (ring). Diameter: 24.00 mm; 10-sided. Edge: Reeded but Plain at corners. Alignment: Coin. Mint: N.A.

Obverse: "البنك المركزي الموريتاني" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in Arabic at the top section. Cow standing facing right in the center. Value "20" written at the bottom with Date "2017" written at the bottom left side and "OUGUIYA" written at bottom right side. One star on each side at the bottom left and bottom right side. Decoration in circular form near the border.

Reverse: "الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية" (Islamic Republic of Mauritania) at the top section. Coat of Arms in the center. The denomination "٢٠" (20) written at the bottom with "أوقية" (Ouguiya) written at the bottom right side and Date "١٤٣٩" (1439) written at the bottom left side. One star on each side at the bottom left and bottom right side. Mintage: N.A. Mintage Years: One year type.

 
 
ARGUIN
Arguin (Portuguese: Arguim) is an island off the western coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin. It is approximately 6x2 km in size, with extensive and dangerous reefs around it. The island is now part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park.
The island changed hands frequently during the colonial era. The first European to visit the island was the Portuguese explorer Nuno Tristão, in 1443. In 1445, Prince Henry the Navigator set up a trading post on the island, which acquired gum arabic and slaves for Portugal. By 1455, 800 slaves were shipped from Arguin to Portugal every year. In 1633, during its war against Spain (which then controlled Portugal), the Netherlands seized control of Arguin. It remained under Dutch rule until 1678, with a brief interruption by English rule in 1665. France took over the island in September 1678, but it was then abandoned until 1685. Arguin's aridity and its lack of a good anchorage made long-term European settlement difficult. In 1685 Captain Reers of the frigate Rother Löwe occupied the old Portuguese fort on the island. He successfully concluded a treaty with the native king in which Brandenburg was accepted as a protecting power. The treaty was ratified in 1687 and was renewed in 1698. Arguin remained a colony of Brandenburg until 1721 when the French successfully assaulted the fort and then took control of the island. The Dutch took the fort and island from the French the following year only to lose it again in 1724 to the French. This period of French rule lasted four years; in 1728, it reverted to the control of indigenous peoples. The island was included in the territory of the French colony of Mauritania, and it remained under Mauritanian rule when that country became independent in 1960. In July 1816, the French frigate Méduse, bound for Senegal, was wrecked off Arguin and 350 lives were lost.
 
  • Portugal (factory at Arguin)........,..................91445 - 05 Feb 1633
    • Captains
    • Diogo Gomes........................................1445 - 14..
    • Soeiro Mendes de Évora...........................c.1455 - 1461
    • João Afonso...............................................1481/82
    • Afonso de Moura.............................11 Jul 1492 - 10 Aug 1495
    • Fernão Soares...................................1495/99 - 1501
    • Gonçalo da Fonseca.................................1505 - 1508
    • Francisco de Almada................................1508 - 1511
    • Fernão Pinto.......................................1511 - 1514
    • Pero Vaz de Almeida................................1514 – Nov 1514
    • Estêvão da Gama................................Nov 1514 - 1517
    • António Portocarreiro..............................1517 - 1521
    • Gonçalo da Fonseca.................................1521 – 1522
    • Rui Cotrim.........................................1522 – 1525
    • Lourenço de Paiva..................................1525 – 1528
    • Brás Gomes de Carvalhosa...........................1528 - 1532
    • Brás Correia Pantoja...........................Jan 1532 - 15..
    • Francisco de Hevão ?......................................1541
    • João Gomes o Souro (Osouro)...............................1543
    • Cristovão Falcão de Sousa..........................1545 - 1547
    • Gil Sardinha.......................................1547 - 1549
    • Cristovão de Rosales......................................1549/1550
    • Pedro Valdez Rosales......................................1551
    • Lionis da Gama............................................1569
    • João Leite Pereira........................................1575
    • Bráz Guedes de Carvalho ?.................................1576
    • Antonio de Carvalho.......................................c.1577
    • Antonio Pinto......................................15.. - 15..
    • Belchior de Landim........................................c.1591
    • João Gonçalves de Ataide conde de Atouguia.........1592 - 1628 d. 1628
    • He served as Captain-donatary.
    • Rodrigo Freire.....................................16.. - 16..
    • Aires Tavares......................................16.. - 16..
    • Fernando de Sande..................................16.. - 16..
    • Amador Louzado.....................................1623 - 1624
    • Francisco Cordovil.................................1624 - 162.
    • Abrão de Tovar.....................................162. - 1633
    • Luis de Ataide, conde de Atouguia..................1628 - 1633 d. 1639
    • He served as Captain-donatary.
  • The Netherlands..................................05 Feb 1633 - 1665
    • Governors
    • Abraham van (de) Pere..........................Feb 1633 - 1634
    • Daniel van (de) Pere...............................1634 - 16..
    • Fouck (or Joas Koeck).....................................c.1634
  • England (brief occupation).....................................1665
  • The Netherlands.........................................1665 - 1678
    • unknown ruler(s): 16.. - Sep 1678
  • French occupation................................01 Sep 1678 - Sep 1678
    • unknown French commander: 01 Sep 1678 - Sep 1678.
  • Arguin abandoned in Sep 1678 - 05 Oct 1685.
  • Brandenburg (from 1701, Prussia).................05 Oct 1685 - 07 Mar 1721
    • Governors
    • Cornelis Reers..............................07 Oct 1685 - 1691
    • Lambrecht de Hond..................................1691 - 1694
    • Jan Reers (1st time)...............................1694 - 1712
      • Christian Düring (acting for Reers)...........1700 - 1702
    • Jan de Both Nicolaes (1st time).............06 Jul 1712 - 1717
    • Jan Wynen Bastiaens................................1717 - 07 Mar 1721
  • France...........................................07 Mar 1721 - 11 Jan 1722
    • Governors
    • Julien du Bellay Duval......................07 Mar 1721 - Aug 1721 d. 1721
    • Claude Bonneaventure le Riche..................Aug 1721 - 1721
    • Jan de Both Nicolaes (acting 2nd time).............1721 - 11 Jan 1722
  • The Netherlands..................................11 Jan 1722 - 20 Feb 1724
    • Governors
    • Jan Reers (2nd time)...........................Jan 1722 - 20 Feb 1724
    • Marion (French governor in opposition).........Feb 1723 - 04 Jun 1723
  • France...........................................20 Feb 1724 - 05 May 1728
    • Governors
    • Louis Barthélemy de la Motte................20 Feb 1724 - 07 Jan 1727 d. 1727'
    • Claude Garcin......................................1727 - 05 May 1728
 
States before Mauritania Independence.
 
ADRAR
A Berber region in north-central Mauritania, north of Tagant, northeast of Trarza. It's chief city, Atar, is located at the southern end of the Meddahia Ridge, about 270 miles (435 km.) northeast of the national capital of Nouakchott and about 55 miles (88 km.) south of the border with Western Sahara.
 
                   1740         Adrar confederation founded.
            1886 - 1909         Spanish protectorate.
                   09 Jan 1909  French protectorate.
 
  • (title: Emirs)
  • Tapri................................................c. 1800 - c. 1820
  • `Uthman wuld Fadil wuld Sinan...........................18.. - 1828
  • Sidi Ahmad wuld `Uthman "wuld `Ayda"....................1828 - 1861
  • Muhammad wuld `Uthman...................................1861 - 18..
  • Ahmad wuld Sidi Ahmad...................................18.. - 1871
  • Sidi Ahmad wuld Muhammad "wuld `Ayda"...................1871 - 1891
  • al-Mukhtar Ahmad wuld Sidi Ahmad........................1891 - 1899
  • Shaykh al-Hasana........................................1899 - 1909
  • France...........................................09 Jan 1909 - 28 Nov 1960
    • Sidi Ahmad wuld Ahmad `Ayda (1st time).............1909 - 1913
    • Vacant: 1913 - 19..
    • Sidi Ahmad wuld Ahmad `Ayda (2nd time).............19.. - Mar 1932
  • Mauritania.......................................28 Nov 1960 - date
 
BRAKNA
An Emirate in southwestern Mauritania, east of Trarza Province and southwest of Tagant Province.
 
                   bf.1600  Brakna confederation founded by Awlad `Abd Allah
                            lineage of Awlad Hassan dynasty.
                    c.1790  Awlad Siyad lineage replaces Awlad `Abd Allah.
               18 Oct 1904  Emir's authority de-recognized by French authorities.
               06 May 1912  Emir's authority nominally restored.
 
  • NURMASHID - (title: Emirs)
  • Nurmash..............................................c. 1650 - ?
  • Muhammad al-Hiba...........................................? - 1728
  • Ahmad al-Hiba...........................................1728 - 1762
  • Ahmayda.................................................1762 - 17..
  • Muhammad wuld Mukhtar...................................1766 - 1800 d. 1800
  • Sidi `Ali wuld Mukhtar..................................1800 - Jan 1818 d. 1818
  • Ahmad wuld Sidi `Ali I..............................Jan 1818 - 1841 d. 1841
  • Sidi Mukhtar wuld Sidi Muhammad.........................1841 - 1843 d. 1893 with...
  • Muhammad al-Rajal wuld Mukhtar..........................1842 - 1851
  • Sidi Muhammad wuld Muhammad.............................1851 - Dec 1858 d. 1858
  • Sidi `Ali wuld Ahmad................................Dec 1858 - 1893 d. 1893
  • Ahmad wuld Sidi `Ali II.................................1893 - Dec 1903
  • France..................................................1903 - 28 Nov 1960
    • Muhammad wuld Muhammad.........................Dec 1903 - 18 Oct 1904
    • Shaykh Mahl Aynin (in rebellion)...............Dec 1903 - 28 Oct 1910 d. 1910
    • Ahmad al-Hayba wuld Muhammad (1st Sultan)...06 May 1912 - 1919 d. 1919
    • He was in rebellion from 28 Oct 1910.
    • Talib Hiyar...............................................1919
    • Muhammad al-Mustafa Murabbih Rabbuh wuld Muhammad..1919 - 07 Apr 1934
  • Mauritania.......................................28 Nov 1960 - date
 
TAGANIT
Berber sultanate in present-day Mauritania, founded by the Idawi tribal confederacy.
 
                    c.1580  Taganit confederation founded by Idaw `Ish dynasty.
              1820 - 1860s  Dynasty split into Abakak and Shratit lineages.
                      1905  French protectorate.
 
  • IDAWI - (title: Emirs)
  • Muhammad I Min Huna
  • 'Umar..........................................................fl. c. 1712
  • Bakkar I................................................1739 - 1740 d. 1761
  • He took control briefly in 1746 and then again during 1758-1759.
  • Sarit Muhammad II Shayn.................................1740 - 1788
  • Sid Ahmad I.............................................1788 - 1792
  • Bakkar II...............................................1792 - 1793
  • Muhammad III al-Bakr ibn Muhammad Shayn.................1793 - 1821 opposed by...
  • Muhammad IV.............................................1793 - 1794
  • - (1) Abakak lineage -
  • Suwaydi Ahmad...........................................1820 - 1831
  • Muhammad Shayn..........................................1831 - 1836
  • Bakkar ibn Suwaydi Ahmad................................1836 - 01 Apr 1905 d. 1905
  • France..................................................1905 - 28 Nov 1960
    • `Uthman ibn Bakkar..........................01 Apr 1905 - 1909
    • Vacant: 1909 - Aug 1918.
    • `Abd ar-Rahman ibn Bakkar......................Aug 1918 - 1983 ?
  • Mauritania.......................................28 Nov 1960 - date
    • `Uthman ibn `Abd ar-Rahman.........................1983 - Feb 2003 d. 2003
    • He is also known as Ethmane Ould Abderrahmane.
    • Muhammad ibn `Abd ar-Rahman....................Feb 2003 - date
    • He was born in 1926 and is also known as Mohamed Ould Abderrahmane.
  • - (2) Shratit lineage -
  • al-Mukhtar ibn Muhammad al-Bakr.........................1820 - 1826
  • Sulayman................................................1829 - 1831
  • Abdullah................................................1831 - ?
  • Ahmad Daya..............................................18.. - 18..
  • Rasul..........................................................c. 1860
 
TRARZA
An Arabo-Berber emirate in present-day southwestern Mauritania - the modern capital of Mauritania, the port of Nouakchott, is located here. The ruling dynasty claimed descent from Dja'far ibn 'Ali Talib al-Tayyar, an older brother of the Caliph 'Ali and a cousin of Muhammad the Prophet.
 
                    c.1640  Trarza confederation founded.
               15 Dec 1902  French protectorate.
 
  • Banu HASAN - (title: Emirs)
  • Ahmad ben Daman...................................... < 1633 - 1635
  • Haddi I.................................................1635 - 1684
  • as-Siyyid......................................................1684
  • unknown ruler
  • `Umar I Agjayyil......................................1689 > - 1703
  • Ahmaddayya..............................................1703 - 1706 and...
  • Ali I Sandura...........................................1703 - 1727
  • as-Sarqi................................................1727 - 1729/30 with...
  • `Umar II................................................1727 - 1756
  • al-Mukhtar wuld `Umar II................................1756 - 1765 or 71
  • Ali II al Kawri...................................1765 or 71 - 1786
  • Muhammad I Babana.......................................1786 - 1793
  • Alayt Haddi II..........................................1793 - 1794
  • `Umar III wuld Mukhtar "wuld Kumba".....................1794 - 1796
  • `Umar IV. wuld Mukhtar..................................1796 - 1827
  • Muhammad II wuld `Umar el Habib.........................1827 - 1860 d. 1860
  • Sidi I Mubayrika wuld Muhammad..........................1860 - Jul 1871 d. 1871
  • Ahmad Salum I wuld `Umar................................1871 - 1873 d. 1873
  • Ali III Dyombot wuld Muhammad...........................1873 - Oct 1886 d. 1866
  • Muhammad III Fadil wuld `Ali........................Oct 1886 - Dec 1886 d. 1886
  • `Umar V Salum wuld `Umar............................Dec 1886 - 1891 d. 1893
  • Ahmad Salum II wuld `Ali (in opposition)................1891 - 18 Apr 1905 d. 1905
  • Muhammad Salum wuld Ibrahim (in rebellion).....................bf. 1903
  • France...........................................15 Dec 1902 - 28 Nov 1960
    • Shaykh Sa`d wuld Muhammad Fadil....................1903 - 1917 d. 1917
    • He was in opposition to French rule.
    • Muhammad IV Salum..................................1905 - 1929
    • Shaykh Khalifa wuld Sa`d (in opposition)...........1917 - 1932 d. 1932
    • Ahmad..............................................1929 - 1944
    • probably vacant: 1944-1958.
    • Muhammad V Fadil wuld `Umayr.......................1958 - 1960 ?
  • Mauritania.......................................28 Nov 1960 - date
 
Fantasy 1984 coin issues
Currency: 500 Ouguiya.
 

X#1.1 / Schön#8 500 Ouguiya. Year: 1984. Weight: 28.74 g [28.00g]. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 38.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N.A. Obverse: Plants in the center with crescent and moon in the background. "BANQUE CENTRALE DE MAURITANIE" (Central Bank of Mauritania) written in French, in circular form mostly at the top section clockwise. Date at the bottom. Reverse: "CONCOURS ATHLÉTIQUES INTERNATIONAUX" (International Athletic Competitions). Three runners reaching finish line in the center with "COURSES" (Running) written above them. Value 500 OUGUIYA written at the bottom. Mintage: N.A. Mintage Years: One year type. It is type is considered "Full Baseline" and X#1.2 with same design but has "Tapered Baseline". X#2 / Schön#9 was produced on Fencing with have same metal composition and diameter.

Note: The Friendship Games, or Friendship-84 (Russian: Дружба-84, Druzhba-84), was an international multi-sport event held between 02 July and 16 September 1984 in the Soviet Union and eight other socialist states which boycotted the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, USA. Although Friendship Games officials denied that the Games were to be a counter-Olympic event to avoid conflicts with the International Olympic Committee, the competition was often dubbed the Eastern Bloc's "alternative Olympics". Some fifty states took part in the competition. While the boycotting countries were represented by their strongest athletes, other states sent their reserve teams, consisting of athletes who failed to qualify for Los Angeles.

 
 
 
 
Countries / Territories
 
Chiefa Coins