Montserrat
 
 
               11 Nov 1493  Discovered and claimed by Spain by Christopher
                             Columbus, named Isla de Santa Maria de Monstserrate
               1632         part of British Colony of Antigua
 22 Feb 1667 - 1668         French occupation
        1668 - 1816         part of Leeward Islands colony
 07 Jul 1712 - 20 Jul 1712  French invasion repulsed
 22 Feb 1782 - Jan 1784     French occupation during the American Revolutionary War
        1816 - 1832         part of Antigua-Barbuda-Montserrat colony
        1833 - 01 Jan 1960  part of Leeward Islands (Antigua, British Virgin Islands,
                             Dominica [to 1940], Montserrat, Saint
                             Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla
               1871         Leewards Islands became a Federal Colony
               01 Jul 1956  Leewards Islands became a British Territory and
                             Montserrat under it becomes a separate colony
 03 Jan 1958 - 31 May 1962  Montserrat becomes part of Federation of the West
                             Indies under Trinidad and Tobago
               17 Sep 1989  Hurricane Hugo damaged 90% structures on the island.
               18 Jul 1995  Eruption by Soufriere Hills volcano begin that
                             eventually devastate 70% of the Island, making those
                             areas uninhabitable
              
 
Montserrat, a British colony located in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, 27 miles (43 km) southwest of Antigua, has an area of 38 sq. mi. (100 sq. km). Capital: Plymouth. The island - actually a volcanic peaks rising from the Caribbean - exports cotton, limes and vegetables. Columbus discovered Montserrat in 1493 and named it after Monserrando, a mountain in Spain. It was colonized by the English in 1632 and except for brief periods of French occupancy in 1667-1668 and 1782-1784. It has remained British possession from that time.  It became a separate colony in 1956 and was a presidency of the Leewards Islands.

After 18 July 1995, an "exclusion zone" extending from the south coast of the island north to parts of the Belham Valley has been imposed because of the size of the existing volcanic dome and the resulting potential for pyroclastic activity. Presently visitors are not permitted entry into the exclusion zone, but an impressive view of the destruction of Plymouth can be seen from the top of Garibaldi Hill in Isles Bay.

The most recent period of increased activity at the Soufrière Hills volcano, from November 2009 through February 2010, saw ash venting, a vulcanian explosion which sent pyroclastic flows down several sides of the mountain, and on February 11, 2010 a partial collapse of the lava dome that sent a column of ash more than 20,000 feet (6,100 m) into the air, raining down on several nearby islands including Guadeloupe and Antigua. Relatively quiet since early 2010, the volcano continues to be closely monitored by the Montserrat Volcano Observatory. A new town and port is being developed at Little Bay in the northwest of the island. While construction proceeds, the centre of government rests at Brades.

The people of Montserrat were granted full residency rights in the United Kingdom in 1998, and British citizenship was granted in 2002.
 
 
  • Claimed by Spain.................................11 Nov 1493 - 1632
  • Great Britain...........................................1632 - 1664
  • France.........................................................1664
  • Great Britain...........................................1664 - 22 Feb 1667
  • France...........................................22 Feb 1667 - 1668
  • Great Britain...........................................1668 - 07 Jul 1712
  • France...........................................07 Jul 1712 - 20 Jul 1712
  • Great Britain....................................20 Jul 1712 - 22 Feb 1782
  • France...........................................22 Feb 1782 - Jan 1784
  • Great Britain.......................................Jan 1784 - date
 
Monetary standard: East Caribbean Dollar = 100 cents.
Currency of the British Caribbean Territories (Eastern Group) was used until later when the East Caribbean States coinage was introduced. The East Caribbean dollar (sign: $; code: XCD) is the currency of eight of the nine members of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (the one exception being the British Virgin Islands). It has existed since 1965, being the successor to the British West Indies dollar, and it is normally abbreviated with the dollar sign $ or, alternatively, EC$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. The EC$ is subdivided into 100 cents. It has been pegged to the United States dollar since July 07, 1976 and the exchange rate is US$1 = EC$2.70. Six of the states using the EC$ are independent states: Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. The other two are British overseas territories: Anguilla and Montserrat. Commemorative coin was produced by Montserrat in 1970 as below.
 

KM#30 4 Dollars. Year: 1970. Weight: 28.05 grams. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Edge: Reeded. Diameter: 38.50 mm. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint. Obverse: Montserrat Coat and Arms. "DOMINICA" and date below it. "INAUGURATION OF THE CARIBBEAN DEVELOPMENT BANK" around. Reverse: Sugar cane and Banana tree branches in the center. "GROW MORE FOOD FOR MANKIND" on the top part and value "4 DOLLARS" at the bottom. F.A.O. issue. Mintage: 15,000 (including 2,000 proof pieces). Minted Years: One year type. British administrator: Dennis Raleigh Gibbs (30 Sep 1964 - 1971) under British monarchy: Elizabeth II [Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor].
 
 
 
 
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