11 Nov 1493 Discovered and claimed by Spain by Christopher
Columbus, named Isla de Santa Maria de Monstserrate
1632 part of British Colony of Antigua
22 Feb 1667 - 1668 French occupation
1668 - 1816
part of Leeward Islands colony
07 Jul 1712 - 20 Jul 1712 French invasion repulsed
22 Feb 1782 - Jan 1784 French occupation
during the American Revolutionary War
1816 - 1832
part of Antigua-Barbuda-Montserrat colony
1833 - 01 Jan 1960 part of Leeward
Islands (Antigua, British Virgin Islands,
Dominica [to 1940], Montserrat, Saint
1871 Leewards Islands became a Federal Colony
01 Jul 1956 Leewards Islands became a British Territory and
Montserrat under it becomes a separate colony
03 Jan 1958 - 31 May 1962 Montserrat becomes part of Federation of
Indies under Trinidad and Tobago
17 Sep 1989 Hurricane Hugo damaged 90% structures on the island.
18 Jul 1995 Eruption by Soufriere Hills volcano begin that
eventually devastate 70% of the Island, making those
Montserrat, a British
colony located in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, 27 miles (43 km)
southwest of Antigua, has an area of 38 sq. mi. (100 sq. km).
Plymouth. The island - actually a volcanic peaks rising from the Caribbean -
exports cotton, limes and vegetables. Columbus discovered Montserrat in 1493
and named it after Monserrando, a mountain in Spain. It was colonized by the
English in 1632 and except for brief periods of French occupancy in
1667-1668 and 1782-1784. It has remained British possession from that time.
It became a separate colony in 1956 and was a presidency of the Leewards
After 18 July 1995, an "exclusion
zone" extending from the south coast of the island north to parts of the
Belham Valley has been imposed because of the size of the existing volcanic
dome and the resulting potential for pyroclastic activity. Presently
visitors are not permitted entry into the exclusion zone, but an impressive
view of the destruction of Plymouth can be seen from the top of Garibaldi
Hill in Isles Bay.
recent period of increased activity at the Soufrière Hills volcano, from
November 2009 through February 2010, saw ash venting, a vulcanian explosion
which sent pyroclastic flows down several sides of the mountain, and on
February 11, 2010 a partial collapse of the lava dome that sent a column of
ash more than 20,000 feet (6,100 m) into the air, raining down on several
nearby islands including Guadeloupe and Antigua. Relatively quiet since
early 2010, the volcano continues to be closely monitored by the Montserrat
Volcano Observatory. A new town and port is being developed at Little Bay in
the northwest of the island. While construction proceeds, the centre of
government rests at Brades.
The people of Montserrat were granted full residency rights in the United
Kingdom in 1998, and British citizenship was granted in 2002.
Spain.................................11 Nov 1493 - 1632
Britain...........................................1632 - 1664
Britain....................................20 Jul 1712 - 22 Feb 1782
France...........................................22 Feb 1782 - Jan 1784
Britain.......................................Jan 1784 - date
East Caribbean Dollar = 100 cents.
Currency of the British Caribbean
Territories (Eastern Group) was used until later when the East Caribbean
States coinage was introduced. The East Caribbean dollar (sign: $; code: XCD) is
the currency of eight of the nine members of the Organisation of Eastern
Caribbean States (the one exception being the British Virgin Islands).
It has existed since 1965, being the successor to the British West
Indies dollar, and it is normally abbreviated with the dollar sign $ or,
alternatively, EC$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated
currencies. The EC$ is subdivided into 100 cents. It has been pegged to
the United States dollar since July 07, 1976 and the exchange rate is
US$1 = EC$2.70. Six of the states using the EC$ are independent states:
Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint
Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. The other two are British
overseas territories: Anguilla and Montserrat.
Commemorative coin was produced by Montserrat in
1970 as below.
British Royal Mint.
Obverse: Montserrat Coat and Arms. "DOMINICA"
and date below it. "INAUGURATION OF THE CARIBBEAN DEVELOPMENT BANK"
Sugar cane and Banana tree branches in the center.
"GROW MORE FOOD FOR MANKIND" on the
top part and value "4 DOLLARS" at the bottom. F.A.O. issue. Mintage:
15,000 (including 2,000 proof pieces).
Minted Years: One year
type. British administrator:
Dennis Raleigh Gibbs (30
Sep 1964 - 1971) under
Elizabeth II [Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor].