Niue
 
 
        17.. - 1917         Kingdom of Niue-Fekai
               20 Jun 1774  Discovered by British Capt. James Cook, named Savage Island. 
            1887,1895,1899  British protection requested.
               20 Apr 1900  British protectorate.
 20 Apr 1900 - 11 Jun 1901  Part of the British Western Pacific Territories.
               11 Jun 1901  Annexed to New Zealand as part of the Cook Islands.
               29 Sep 1903  Separated from the Cook Islands.
               19 Oct 1974  Associated state.
 
Full Name: Zealand Territory of Niue.

Capital: Alofi.
Currency: New Zealand Dollar (NZD).

It is an island nation in the South Pacific Ocean. It is commonly known as the "Rock of Polynesia", and natives of the island call it "the Rock". Though self governing, Niue is in free association with New Zealand, and thus lacks full sovereignty. Queen Elizabeth II is Niue's head of state. Most diplomatic relations are conducted by New Zealand on Niue's behalf. Niue is 2,400 kilometres northeast of New Zealand in a triangle between Tonga, Samoa, and the Cook Islands. The people are predominantly Polynesian.
 

Niue is a 269 km island in the southern Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga. The geographic coordinates are 1903′48″S 16952′11″W / 19.06333S 169.86972W / -19.06333; -169.86972. It is an isolated island in the South Pacific, about 340 miles (550 km.) south of American Samoa. There are three geographically outlying coral reefs within the Exclusive Economic Zone that do not have any land area:
  • Beveridge Reef, at 2000'S, 16748'W, 240 km southeast, submerged atoll drying during low tide, 9.5 km North-South, 7.5 km East-West, total area 56 km, no land area, lagoon 11 metres deep.
  • Antiope Reef, at 1815'S, 16824'W, 180 km southeast, is a circular plateau approximately 400 metres in diameter, with a least depth of 9.5 metres.
  • Haran Reef (Harans Reef), at 2133'S, 16855'W, reported to break furiously, 294 km southeast.
  • Besides these, Albert Meyer Reef, (2053'S, 17219'W, almost 5 km long and wide, least depth 3 metres, 326 km southwest) is not officially claimed by Niue, and the existence of Haymet Rocks, (26S, 160W, 1273 km ESE) is in doubt.
Niue is one of the world's largest coral islands. The terrain consists of steep limestone cliffs along the coast with a central plateau rising to about 60 metres above sea level. A coral reef surrounds the island, with the only major break in the reef being in the central western coast, close to the capital, Alofi. A notable feature is the number of limestone caves found close to the coast.
 
Currency: New Zealand Dollar is used in Niue, but a few commemorative coins are produced from time to time, since 1987.
 
KM#63 20 Dollar. Year: 1993. Weight: 31.47g. Metal: 0.925 Silver. Diameter: 41.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N/A. Obverse: Crowned arms with sprigs. Reverse: Hand holding seedlings. Mintage: 10,000 (estimated). Minted Years: One year type. Subject: Protect Our World. Ruler: Elizabeth II [Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor].

KM#123 1 Dollar. Year: 2001. Weight: 28.28g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 38.60 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Pobjoy Mint. Obverse: Crowned head facing right. Reverse: Snoopy flying his dog house. Mintage: 100,000. Minted Years: One year type. Subject: Snoopy as an Ace. Ruler: Elizabeth II [Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor].

KM#137 1 Dollar. Year: 2001. Weight: 28.28g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 38.60 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Pobjoy Mint. Obverse: Crowned arms with sprigs. Reverse: Pikachu. Mintage: 100,000. Minted Years: One year type. Subject: Pokemon series. Ruler: Elizabeth II [Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor].

Other Nintendo game creatures in Pokemon coin series includes: Bulbasaur, Celebi, Charmander, Meowth, Pichu and Squirtle, while Gengar, Psyduck and Eevee were probably not produced.

 
2009
 
This is the first ever brilliant uncirculated coin set from Niue. This tropical island is situated 2,200 km northeast of New Zealand. It is one of the world's largest emerged coral atolls, with an area of 269 sq. km. Niue is larger than the entire Cook's group of fifteen islands put together, yet it has a population of only 1,500 people. The local tourist industry aims to exhibit the islands natural wonders and develop its infrastructure, while protecting the land and local culture. Each bronze coin in the Niue 2009 BU Coin Set features a Niuean icon on the reverse, such as the outrigger canoe or the Humpback Whale, along with the coins respective denomination. The New Zealand Mint takes great pleasure in presenting this historic coin collection, brought to you with the endorsement of the Government of Niue Island. The obverse of each coin features the Raphael Maklouf effigy of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, sovereign of the Commonwealth and Niue, along with the year of issue (2009) and each coins respective denomination.
 

5 cents. Year: 2009. Weight: 4.30 grams. Metal: Copper plated bronze. Edge: Plain. Diameter: 19 mm. Alignment: Medal. Mint: New Zealand Mint. Obverse: Young bust facing right. Reverse: Whale and Shark. Mintage: 20,000. Minted Years: One year type. Ruler: Elizabeth II [Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor].

10 cents. Year: 2009. Weight: 5.80 grams. Metal: Copper plated bronze. Edge: Reeded. Diameter: 22 mm. Alignment: Medal. Mint: New Zealand Mint. Obverse: Young bust facing right. Reverse: Crab. Mintage: 20,000. Minted Years: One year type. Ruler: Elizabeth II [Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor].

20 cents. Year: 2009. Weight: 7.30 grams. Metal: Nickel plated bronze. Edge: Reeded. Diameter: 25 mm. Alignment: Medal. Mint: New Zealand Mint. Obverse: Young bust facing right. Reverse: Two divers and sea coral . Mintage: 20,000. Minted Years: One year type. Ruler: Elizabeth II [Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor].

50 cents. Year: 2009. Weight: 9.30 grams. Metal: Nickel plated bronze. Edge: Alternating Reeded and Plain (four each). Diameter: 28 mm. Alignment: Medal. Mint: New Zealand Mint. Obverse: Young bust facing right. Reverse: Person rowing boat. Mintage: 20,000. Minted Years: One year type. Ruler: Elizabeth II [Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor].

1 Dollars. Year: 2009. Weight: 17.30 grams. Metal: Copper plated bronze. Edge: Reeded. Diameter: 32 mm. Alignment: Medal. Mint: New Zealand Mint. Obverse: Young bust facing right. Reverse: Sword Fish. Mintage: 20,000. Minted Years: One year type. Ruler: Elizabeth II [Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor].
 
 
Brief history of Niue rulers:
 
  • Kingdom of Niue-Fekai (title: Patuiki)
  • Tihamau........................................................fl. c. 1700 ?
  • Tepunua Mutalau
  • Leivalu
  • Hetalangi
  • Fakahinaiki
  • Punimata
  • Ihunga
  • Patuavalu......................................................fl. c. 1800 ?
  • Ngaliangaaiki (also known as Galiaga-a-Iki)
  • Fokimata
  • Pakieto
  • He was patu-iki for only a year, probably from 1874 to 1875. Following his death, a war of succession occurred. He was one of the Tama-lagau people.
  • Interregnum................................................? - 01 Mar 1876
  • Mataio Tuitonga..................................01 Mar 1876 - 13 Jul 1887
  • The first Christian King of Niue. He is also known as Ta-tagata.
  • Fataaiki.........................................21 Nov 1888 - 15 Dec 1896
  • The second Christian King of Niue. He was anointed on November 21, 1888, although he began ruling the island the previous year, following the death of his predecessor, Tui-tonga. One of his first acts as patu-iki, in 1887, was to write a letter to the British monarch Queen Victoria, requesting that Niue become a protectorate of the British Empire, so as to prevent annexation by another colonial power. The letter was not answered, and King Fata-a-iki repeated his request in 1895, to no avail.
  • Tongia Puluteaki.................................30 Jun 1898 - 1917
  • Under Togia-Pulu-toaki's reign, laws were adopted forbidding the sale of Niuean lands to foreigners, and the sale of liquor to Niueans. His reign saw the formal relinquishing of Niuen independence to the British Empire on April 21 1900 after several failed attempts by his predecessor to make Niue a protectorate of the British Empire, and, on September 11 1900, Togia-Pulu-toaki formally welcomed a resident representative of the imperial government to the island.
  • Great Britain...........................................1900 - 1901
  • New Zealand.............................................1901 - date
    • Resident commissioners
    • Administered from the Cook Islands 1901 - 1904 and then Separate administration 1904 - 1974.
    • Stephenson Percy Smith.............................1901 - 1902
    • Christopher Freke Maxwell..........................1902 - 1907
    • Henry Greyshott Cornwall...........................1907 - 1918
    • Guy Norman Morris (1st time).......................1918 - 1920
    • John Crouchley Murray Enson........................1920 - 1922
    • Guy Norman Morris (2nd time).......................1922 - 1926
    • Albert Arthur Luckham..............................1926 - 1931
    • William Moody Bell.................................1931 - 1942
    • Joseph Patrick McMahon-Box.........................1942 - 1943
    • Cecil Hector Watson Larsen.........................1943 - 16 Aug 1953
    • Jock Malcom McEwen.................................1953 - 1956
    • Albert Oliver Dare.................................1956 - 1958
    • David Walter Reginald Heatley......................1958 - 1962
    • Lyle Allen Shanks..................................1962 - 1968
    • Selwyn Digby Wilson................................1968 - 1973
    • C.A. Roberts.......................................1973 - 1974
    • New Zealand Representatives
    • Locally Autonomous state since 1974.
    • W.J. Ashwell................................01 Nov 1974 - 1977
    • Ian McGregor................................02 Apr 1977 - 1979
    • Terry Baker.................................31 Aug 1979 - 1982
    • Malcolm McNamara............................31 Mar 1982 - 1984
    • John Springford.............................22 Sep 1984 - 1986
    • Mel Taylor..................................05 Dec 1986 - 1991
    • Kurt Meyer..................................17 Mar 1991 - 02 Aug 1993
    • High commissioners
    • Kurt Meyer (continued as 1st time)..........02 Aug 1993 - 1994
    • Warren Searell..............................16 May 1994 - 1997
    • Mike Pointer................................27 May 1997 - May 2000
    • John Bryan (1st time)..........................May 2000 - Feb 2003
    • Sandra Rose Te Hakamatua Lee-Vercoe (fem.)..14 Feb 2003 - 26 Sep 2005
    • Kurt Meyer (2nd time - acting)..............03 Oct 2005 - Feb 2006
    • Anton Ojala....................................Feb 2006 - Jan 2008
    • Brian Smythe................................15 Jan 2008 - 2010
    • John Bryan (2nd time - acting).....................2010 - Sep 2010
    • Tauaasa Taafaki (acting).......................Sep 2010 - Oct 2010
    • Mark Blumsky...................................Oct 2010 - Feb 2014
    • Ross Ardern....................................Feb 2014 - date
  • Niue Government Leader under New Zealand
  • Robert Richmond Rex.................................Nov 1968 - 19 Oct 1974
  • Niue Premiers under New Zealand
  • Robert Richmond Rex (continued)..................19 Oct 1974 - 12 Dec 1992
  • He was known from 31 Dec 1983 as Sir Robert Richmond Rex.
  • Mititaiagimene Young Vivian (1st time)...........12 Dec 1992 - 09 Mar 1993
  • Frank Fakaotimanava Lui..........................09 Mar 1993 - 26 Mar 1999
  • Sani Elia Lagigietama Lakatani...................26 Mar 1999 - 01 May 2002
  • Mititaiagimene Young Vivian (2nd time)...........01 May 2002 - 18 Jun 2008
  • Toke Tufukia Talagi..............................18 Jun 2008 - date
 
 
 
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