Réunion
 
 
               09 Feb 1507  Discovered by Portuguese Capt. Diego Fernandez Pereira,
                             named Santa Appollonia.
               09 Feb 1513  Re-discovered by Portuguese Capt. Pedro de Mascarenhas,
                             named Ilha Mascarene.
               24 Mar 1613  English Capt. Samuel Castelton names the island England's
                             Forest.
                  Jun 1638  Claimed for France by Salomon Goubert, named Île Saint-Paul.
                  Sep 1642  Official claimed for France as a French colony.
                  Dec 1649  Annexed for France, renamed Île Bourbon.
                      1664  First settlement.
 01 Dec 1674 - 1764         Under the French Compagnie des Indes Orientales rule. 
               1764         French crown colony.
               19 Mar 1793  Renamed Île de la Réunion (sometimes called Réunion des
                             Patriotes).
 25 Oct 1797 - 19 Apr 1801  Nominally organized as a département of France, but was in
                             the hands of a colonial assembly controlled by royalists. 
 03 Feb 1803 - 09 Jul 1810  Part of the French colony of Indes-Orientales (under
                             Mauritius).
               15 Aug 1806  Île Bonaparte
 09 Jul 1810 - Apr 1815     Occupied by Britain.
               07 Aug 1810  Île Bourbon.
               06 Sep 1848  Réunion
 22 Jun 1940 - 28 Nov 1942  Administration loyal to Vichy France 
 28 Nov 1942 - 1945         British occupation, French civil administration of Free French
                            continues.
               19 Mar 1946  French overseas département.
               28 Mar 2003  French overseas region.
 
Arab sailors formerly called the island Adna Al Maghribain (“The closest of the two western islands”). Chola navy landed in the island during 11th century and called it as Theemai Theevu, which means Island of destruction referring to the presence of volcanoes in the Island, which is inscribed on the Tanjore inscription of 1050. The Portuguese are thought to have been the first European visitors, finding it uninhabited in 1635, and naming it after Saint Apollonia.
The island was then occupied by France and administered from Port Louis, Mauritius. Although the French flag was hoisted by François Cauche in 1638, Santa Apollonia was officially claimed by Jacques Pronis of France in 1642, when he deported a dozen French mutineers to the island from Madagascar. The convicts were returned to France several years later, and in 1649, the island was named Île Bourbon after the royal house. Colonization started in 1665, when the French East India Company sent the first twenty settlers.
“Réunion” was the name given to the island in 1793 by a decree of the Convention with the fall of the House of Bourbon in France, and the name commemorates the union of revolutionaries from Marseille with the National Guard in Paris, which took place on 10 August 1792. In 1801, the island was renamed "Île Bonaparte," after Napoleon Bonaparte. The island was invaded by a Royal Navy squadron led by Commodore Josias Rowley in 1810, who used the old name of “Bourbon”. When it was restored to France by the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the island retained the name of "Bourbon" until the fall of the restored Bourbons during the French Revolution of 1848, when the island was once again given the name “Réunion”. From the 17th to the 19th centuries, French immigration supplemented by influxes of Africans, Chinese, Malays, and Indians gave the island its ethnic mix. The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 reduced the importance of the island as a stopover on the East Indies trade route. During the Second World War, Réunion was under the authority of the Vichy Regime until 30 November 1942, when the island was liberated by the destroyer Léopard. Réunion became a département d'outre-mer (overseas départment) of France on 19 March 1946. Its département code is 974.
 
Currency: Euro is used on this Island. Before Euro, French Franc was used. A few coins have been made on Réunion from time to time till 1973 (Currency: Franc = 100 centimes).
 
1896
 

KM#4 50 centimes. Year: 1896. Weight: 2.50g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 22 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Paris. Obverse Wordings: CONTRE-VALEUR DÉPOSÉE. AU TRÉSOR COLONIAL. BON POUR 50 CENT. 1896. Reverse: RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE. ILE DE LA RÉUNION. LAGRANGE written below bust. Mintage: 1,000,000. Minted Years: One year type.

KM#5 1 Franc. Year: 1896. Weight: 4.50g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 25 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Paris. Obverse Wordings: CONTRE-VALEUR DÉPOSÉE. AU TRÉSOR COLONIAL. BON POUR UN FRANC 1896. Reverse: RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE. ILE DE LA RÉUNION. LAGRANGE written below bust. Mintage: 500,000. Minted Years: One year type.
 
1948
 

KM#6.1 1 Franc. Year: 1948. Weight: 1.30g. Metal: Aluminum. Diameter: 23 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Paris (mint mark: wing). Obverse: REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE. Winged liberty head left. Reverse: REUNION. Sugarcane plants divide value. Mintage: 3,000,000. Minted Years: 1948, 1964, 1968, 1969, 1971 and 1973. Engraver: Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: L. BAZOR lower left of bust and GB. lower right of bust.

Note: KM#6.2 1 Franc dated 1969 is made on thinner planchet and KM#7 1 Franc dated 1948 has REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE UNION FRANÇAISE legends instead of REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE on the obverse side.

KM#8 2 Francs. Year: 1948. Weight: 2.20g. Metal: Aluminum. Diameter: 27 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Paris (mint mark: wing). Obverse: REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE. Winged liberty head left. Reverse: REUNION. Sugarcane plants divide value. Mintage: 2,000,000. Minted Years: 1948, 1968-1971 and 1973. Engraver: Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: L. BAZOR lower left of bust and GB. lower right of bust.

 
1955
 

KM#9 5 Francs. Year: 1955. Weight: 3.78g. Metal: Aluminum. Diameter: 30 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Paris (mint mark: wing). Obverse: REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE. Winged liberty head left. Reverse: REUNION. Sugarcane plants divide value. Mintage: 3,000,000. Minted Years: 1955 and 1969-1973. Engraver: Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: L. BAZOR lower left of bust and GB. lower right of bust.

 
1962
 

KM#11 20 Francs. Year: 1962. Weight: 3.93g. Metal: Aluminum-Bronze. Diameter: 23 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Paris (mint mark: owl). Obverse: REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE. Winged liberty head left. Reverse: REUNION. Crowned shield divides value. Ribbon: PRÆTER OMNES ANGULUS RIDET. Mintage: 190,000. Minted Years: 1955, 1960-1962 and 1964. Engraver: Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: L. BAZOR lower left of bust and GB. lower right of bust. 1969-1973 exits in Aluminum-Nickel-Bronze as KM#11a.

 
1964
 

KM#6.1 1 Franc. Year: 1964. Weight: 1.30g. Metal: Aluminum. Diameter: 23 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Paris (mint mark: owl). Obverse: REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE. Winged liberty head left. Reverse: REUNION. Sugarcane plants divide value. Mintage: 1,000,000. Minted Years: 1948, 1964, 1968, 1969, 1971 and 1973. Engraver: Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: L. BAZOR lower left of bust and GB. lower right of bust.

KM#10 10 Francs. Year: 1964. Weight: 2.95g. Metal: Aluminum-Bronze. Diameter: 20 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Paris (mint mark: owl). Obverse: REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE. Winged liberty head left. Reverse: REUNION. Crowned shield divides value. Ribbon: PRÆTER OMNES ANGULUS RIDET. Mintage: 1,000,000. Minted Years: 1955, 1962 and 1964. Engraver: Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: L. BAZOR lower left of bust and GB. lower right of bust. 1964 and 1969-1973 exits in Aluminum-Nickel-Bronze as KM#10a.

KM#11 20 Francs. Year: 1964. Weight: 4.00g. Metal: Aluminum-Bronze. Diameter: 23 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Paris (mint mark: owl). Obverse: REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE. Winged liberty head left. Reverse: REUNION. Crowned shield divides value. Ribbon: PRÆTER OMNES ANGULUS RIDET. Mintage: 750,000. Minted Years: 1955, 1960-1962 and 1964. Engraver: Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: L. BAZOR lower left of bust and GB. lower right of bust. 1969-1973 exits in Aluminum-Nickel-Bronze as KM#11a.

KM#12 50 Franc. Year: 1964. Weight: 5.94g. Metal: Nickel. Diameter: 23.5 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Paris (mint mark: owl). Obverse: REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE. Winged liberty head left. Reverse: REUNION. Crowned shield divides value. Ribbon: PRÆTER OMNES ANGULUS RIDET. Mintage: 500,000. Minted Years: 1962, 1964, 1969, 1970 and 1973. Engraver: Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: L. BAZOR lower left of bust and GB. lower right of bust.

KM#13 100 Franc. Year: 1964. Weight: 8.54g. Metal: Nickel. Diameter: 26.5 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Paris (mint mark: owl). Obverse: REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE. Winged liberty head left. Reverse: REUNION. Crowned shield divides value. Ribbon: PRÆTER OMNES ANGULUS RIDET. Mintage: 2,000,000. Minted Years: 1964 and 1969-1973. Engraver: Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: L. BAZOR lower left of bust and GB. lower right of bust.

 
1969
 

KM#8 2 Francs. Year: 1969. Weight: 2.20g. Metal: Aluminum. Diameter: 27 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Paris (mint mark: owl). Obverse: REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE. Winged liberty head left. Reverse: REUNION. Sugarcane plants divide value. Mintage: 150,000. Minted Years: 1948, 1968-1971 and 1973. Engraver: Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: L. BAZOR lower left of bust and GB. lower right of bust.

 
1970
 

KM#11a 20 Francs. Year: 1970. Weight: 3.97g. Metal: Aluminum-Nickel-Bronze. Diameter: 23 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Paris (mint mark: owl). Obverse: REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE. Winged liberty head left. Reverse: REUNION. Crowned shield divides value. Ribbon: PRÆTER OMNES ANGULUS RIDET. Mintage: 200,000. Minted Years: 1969-1973. Engraver: Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: L. BAZOR lower left of bust and GB. lower right of bust.

 
1973
 

KM#6.1 1 Franc. Year: 1973. Weight: 1.29g. Metal: Aluminum. Diameter: 23 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Paris (mint mark: owl). Obverse: REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE. Winged liberty head left. Reverse: REUNION. Sugarcane plants divide value. Mintage: 500,000. Minted Years: 1948, 1964, 1968, 1969, 1971 and 1973. Engraver: Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: L. BAZOR lower left of bust and GB. lower right of bust.

 
 
 
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