Saint Kitts (Christopher) and Nevis
 

 
               12 Nov 1493  St. Kitts and Nevis discovered and claimed for Spain by
                              Columbus and named them Isla de San Jorge and Isla San  
                              Martin (later renamed Isla Nuestra Señora de Las Nieves)
                              respectively.
               1623         Saint Christopher (St. Kitts) an English colony.
               1625         French also settle on Saint-Christophe.
 13 May 1627 - 16 Jul 1702  Island divided into separate English St. Christopher (the
                             center) and French Saint-Christophe both ends) colonies;
                             French colony is under Compagnie de Saint-Christophe
                             rule to 1635.
       1628 - 16 Jul 1702   French Saint-Christophe became part of the French Antilles
                             colony (under Martinique).
               22 Jul 1628  Nevis becomes English colony
                            (until 1671 subordinated to Barbados).
        1635 - 1651        Saint-Christophe Under Compagnie des Îles de l'Amérique rule.
        1651 - 1665        Saint-Christophe becomes possession of the Knights of Malta.
               1665        Saint-Christophe becomes French colony
    Apr 1666 - 1671         French occupy entire island under Compagnie des Indes
                             Occidentales rule.
        1689 - Jun 1690     French occupy entire island.
    Jun 1690 - 20 Sep 1697  English occupy entire island.
    Jan 1671 - 16 Oct 1816  Part of Leeward Islands colony (under Antigua).
        1701 - 1704         Under direct rule from Antigua.
               16 Jul 1702  British annex French part of the Saint-Christopher island.
 22 Feb 1706 - Mar 1706     French occupation of Saint-Christopher island.
               24 Feb 1706  Failed French invasion on Nevis.
               11 Apr 1713  English possession confirmed by Treaty of Utrecht.
 12 Feb 1782 - 03 Sep 1783  Occupied by France. Nevis named as Niévès.
        1816 - 1871         Part of Colony of St. Christopher, Nevis, Anguilla and the
                             British Virgin Islands.
        1833 - 01 Jan 1960  Part of Leeward Islands colony (under Antigua).
               01 Aug 1834  Emancipation Day - ended slavery in the British Empire.
                      1882  Islands united as Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla. 
 03 Jan 1958 - 31 May 1962  Part of the Federation of the West Indies
                             (under Trinidad and Tobago).
               27 Feb 1967  Associated state
               18 Aug 1977  Referendum for secession, organized by the Nevis Reformation
                             Party (total 4,220 persons who voted, 4,193 voted for
                             secession, 14 persons voted no). Declared void by St. Kitts
               13 Apr 1980  Renamed Saint Christopher and Nevis.
               19 Dec 1980  Final separation of Anguilla.
               19 Sep 1983  Independence (Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis).
                             Nevis granted limited self-government.
               13 Oct 1997  Nevis parliament votes for separation from St. Kitts.
               10 Aug 1998  Independence referendum fails, 61.7% vote yes however, 66.7%
                             were required for approval.
 

The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis is also known as the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis), located in the Leeward Islands, is a federal two-island state in the West Indies. It is the smallest sovereign state in the Americas, in both area and population.

The capital city and headquarters of government for the federated state is
Basseterre (Old Road 1623-1727) on the larger island of Saint Kitts. The smaller island of Nevis lies about 2 miles (3 km) southeast of Saint Kitts, across a shallow channel called "The Narrows". Motto: "Country above Self".

Today, the Constitution refers to the state as both "Saint Kitts and Nevis" and "Saint Christopher and Nevis", but the former is the one most commonly used.

Territorial Dispute: Joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under UNCLOS, which permits Venezuela to extend its EEZ/continental shelf over a large portion of the Caribbean Sea.

Historically, the British dependency of Anguilla was also a part of this union, which was then known collectively as Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla. Saint Kitts and Nevis are geographically part of the Leeward Islands. To the north-northwest lie the islands of Sint Eustatius, Saba, Saint Barthélemy, Saint-Martin/Sint Maarten and Anguilla. To the east and northeast are Antigua and Barbuda, and to the southeast is the small uninhabited island of Redonda, and the island of Montserrat, which currently has an active volcano (Soufrière Hills). Saint Kitts and Nevis were among the first islands in the Caribbean to be settled by Europeans. Saint Kitts was home to the first English and French colonies in the Caribbean, and thus has also been titled "The Mother Colony of the West Indies".
There is some disagreement over the name which Columbus gave to St. Kitts. For many years it was thought that he named the island San Cristobal, after his patron saint Saint Christopher, the saint of travelling. However, new studies suggest that Columbus named the island Sant Yago (Saint James). The name "San Cristobal" was apparently given by Columbus to the island now known as Saba, 20 miles northwest. It seems that "San Cristobal" came to be applied to the island of St. Kitts only as the result of a mapping error. No matter the origin of the name, the island was well documented as "San Cristobal" by the 17th century. The first English colonists kept the English translation of this name, and dubbed it "St. Christopher's Island". In the 17th century Kit or Kitt, was a common nickname for the name Christopher and so the island was often informally referred to as "Saint Kitt's island", which was further shortened to "Saint Kitts".
The current name "Nevis" is derived from a Spanish name Nuestra Señora de las Nieves (The original name was the archaic Spanish "Noestra Siñora delas Neves"), by a process of abbreviation and anglicization. This Spanish name means Our Lady of the Snows. It is not known who chose this name for the island, but it is a reference to the story of a fourth-century Catholic miracle: a snowfall on the Esquiline Hill in Rome. Presumably the white clouds which usually wreathe the top of Nevis Peak reminded someone of the story of a miraculous snowfall in a hot climate. The island of Nevis, upon first British settlement was referred to as "Dulcina," a name meaning "sweet one." Its original Spanish name, "Nuestra Señora de las Nieves", was eventually kept however, though it was soon shortened to "Nevis".
 
 
  • Claimed by Spain..................................12 Nov 1493 - 1623
  • Great Britain (Nevis occupied 22 Jul 1628)...............1623 - Apr 1666 with...
  • France...................................................1625 - Apr 1666
  • On 13 May 1627, Island divided into separate English St. Christopher (the center) and French Saint-Christophe both ends) colonies; French colony became under Compagnie de Saint-Christophe rule to 1635 and then under Compagnie des Îles de l'Amérique rule. French parts becomes possession of the Knights of Malta 1651 - 1665.
  • France...............................................Apr 1666 - 1671
  • France & Great Britain...................................1671 - 1689
  • France...................................................1689 - Jun 1690
  • Great Britain........................................Jun 1690 - 20 Sep 1697
  • France & Great Britain............................20 Sep 1697 - 16 Jul 1702
  • Great Britain.....................................16 Jul 1702 - 22 Feb 1706
  • France............................................22 Feb 1706 - Mar 1706
  • Failed French invasion on Nevis on 24 Feb 1706.
  • Great Britain........................................Mar 1706 - 12 Feb 1782
  • English possession confirmed by Treaty of Utrecht on 11 Apr 1713.
  • France............................................12 Feb 1782 - 03 Sep 1783
  • French managed to occupy Nevis as well.
  • Great Britain.....................................03 Sep 1783 - 19 Sep 1983
    • Governors of associated state
    • Sir Frederick Albert Phillips................27 Feb 1967 - 1969
    • He served as an Administrator from 1966 to 27 Feb 1967 before this position.
    • Milton Pensonville Allan............................1969 - 1975
    • Acting till Aug 1972. He became to known from 01 Sep 1972 as Sir Milton Pensonville Allen.
    • Sir Probyn Ellsworth-Innis..........................1975 - 26 Nov 1981
    • Clement Athelston Arrindell..................27 Nov 1981 - 19 Sep 1983
    • He became to known from 20 Jul 1983 as Sir Clement Athelston Arrindell.
  • Independent within the Commonwealth...............19 Sep 1983 - date
  • Governors-general (representing the British monarch as head of state)
  • Sir Clement Athelston Arrindell (continued).......19 Sep 1983 - 31 Dec 1995
  • Sir Cuthbert Montraville Sebastian................01 Jan 1996 - 01 Jan 2013
  • Sir Edmund Wickham Lawrence.......................02 Jan 2013 - 19 May 2015
  • The withdrawal of the appointment of Sir Edmund Lawrence as governor-general is announced on 19th May 2015.
  • Samuel Weymouth Tapley Seaton.....................20 May 2015 - date
  • He was acting till 01st Sep 2015. On 01st Sep 2015, he was officially appointed Governor-General by Queen Elizabeth II on advice of Prime Minister Timothy Sylvester Harris.
 
  • Deputy Governors-general at Nevis
  • Weston Parris.....................................19 Sep 1983 - 05 Jun 1992
  • Vacant: 05 Jun 1992 - 15 Jan 1994.
  • Eustace John......................................15 Jan 1994 - date
 
 
Monetary standard: East Caribbean Dollar = 100 cents.

The history of currency in the British colony of St. Kitts closely follows that of the British Eastern Caribbean Territories (Eastern Group) in general. Even though Queen Anne's proclamation of 1704 brought the gold standard to the West Indies, silver pieces of eight (Spanish dollars and later Mexican dollars) continued to form a major portion of the circulating currency right into the latter half of the nineteenth century. From approximately 1750-1830, billon 2 sous of the French colony of Cayenne were countermarked SK' and used on St.Kitts. They were valued at 1-1/2 Pence Sterling. Britain adopted the gold standard in 1821 and an imperial order-in-council of 1838 resulted in St. Kitts formally adopting the sterling currency in the year 1849 (and Nevis in 1858). However, despite the circulation of British coins in St. Kitts, the silver pieces of eight continued to circulate alongside them and the private sector continued to use dollar accounts for reckoning. The international silver crisis of 1873 signaled the end of the silver dollar era in the West Indies and silver dollars were demonetized in St. Kitts in the wake of that crisis. This left a state of affairs, in which the British coinage circulated, being reckoned in dollar accounts at an automatic conversion rate of 1 dollar = 4 shillings 2 pence. From 1949, with the introduction of the British West Indies dollar, the currency of St. Kitts became officially tied up with that of the British Eastern Caribbean territories in general. The British sterling coinage was eventually replaced by a new decimal coinage in 1955, with the new cent being equal to one half of the old penny.

The East Caribbean dollar (sign: $; code: XCD) is the currency of eight of the nine members of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (the one exception being the British Virgin Islands). It has existed since 1965, being the successor to the British West Indies dollar, and it is normally abbreviated with the dollar sign $ or, alternatively, EC$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. The EC$ is subdivided into 100 cents. It has been pegged to the United States dollar since July 07, 1976 and the exchange rate is US$1 = EC$2.70. Six of the states using the EC$ are independent states: Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. The other two are British overseas territories: Anguilla and Montserrat. Commemorative coins were produced by Saint Kitts and Nevis in 1970, 1982, 1983, 1985 and 1988.
 
Saint Kitts and Nevis commemorative coins
 

KM#1 4 Dollars. Year: 1970. Weight: 28.12 grams. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Edge: Reeded. Diameter: 38.50 mm. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint. Obverse: Associated State Coat and Arms in the center with Motto: "Unity in Trinity". Date and "SAINT CHRISTOPHER . NEVIS . ANGUILLA" below it. "INAUGURATION OF THE CARIBBEAN DEVELOPMENT BANK" around. Reverse: Sugar cane and Banana tree branches in the center. "GROW MORE FOOD FOR MANKIND" on the top part and value "4 DOLLARS" at the bottom. F.A.O issue. Mintage: 15,000 (including 2,000 proof pieces). Minted Years: One year type. Governor: Milton Pensonville Allen (1969 - 1975) associated state under British monarch: Elizabeth II [Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor].

Note: In early 1967 the Colony was, together with the islands of Nevis and Anguilla, united politically as a self-governing British Associated State. However, in June 1967 Anguilla declared its independence, severing ties with Britain and established a so called ‘Republic of Anguilla”. Britain refused to accept this and established a Commissioner to govern Anguilla; this arrangement continues to the present time.

KM#6 100 Dollars. Year: 1988. Weight: 129.59 grams. Metal: .925 Silver. Edge: Reeded. Diameter: 63.00 mm. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint. Obverse: Saint Christopher & Nevis Coat and Arms with Motto: "Country above Self". "SAINT CHRISTOPHER & NEVIS" written at the top above the center circle and date at the bottom. Reverse: Tropical birds - Green-throated Carib Hummingbird. "ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS" written at the top. Mintage: 10,000 (estimated). Minted Years: One year type. Governor-General: Sir Clement Athelston Arrindell (19 Sep 1983 - 31 Dec 1995) under British monarch: Elizabeth II [Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor].
 
 
 
Countries / Territories
 
Chiefa Coins