12 Nov 1493 St. Kitts
and Nevis discovered and claimed
for Spain by
Columbus and named them Isla de San Jorge and Isla San
(later renamed Isla Nuestra Señora
de Las Nieves)
1623 Saint Christopher (St. Kitts) an English colony.
1625 French also settle on Saint-Christophe.
13 May 1627 - 16 Jul 1702 Island divided into separate English St. Christopher
center) and French Saint-Christophe
both ends) colonies;
French colony is
under Compagnie de Saint-Christophe
1628 - 16 Jul 1702 French Saint-Christophe became part of the French
colony (under Martinique).
22 Jul 1628 Nevis becomes English colony
(until 1671 subordinated to Barbados).
1635 - 1651 Saint-Christophe Under Compagnie des Îles de l'Amérique rule.
1651 - 1665 Saint-Christophe becomes possession of the Knights of Malta.
1665 Saint-Christophe becomes French colony
Apr 1666 - 1671
French occupy entire island under Compagnie des Indes
1689 - Jun 1690
French occupy entire island.
Jun 1690 - 20 Sep 1697 English occupy entire island.
Jan 1671 - 16 Oct 1816 Part of Leeward Islands colony
1701 - 1704
Under direct rule from Antigua.
16 Jul 1702 British annex French part of the Saint-Christopher island.
22 Feb 1706 - Mar 1706 French occupation of
24 Feb 1706 Failed French invasion on Nevis.
11 Apr 1713 English possession confirmed by Treaty of Utrecht.
12 Feb 1782 - 03 Sep 1783 Occupied by France. Nevis named as Niévès.
1816 - 1871
Part of Colony of St. Christopher, Nevis, Anguilla and the
British Virgin Islands.
1833 - 01 Jan 1960 Part of
Leeward Islands colony (under Antigua).
01 Aug 1834 Emancipation Day - ended slavery in the British Empire.
1882 Islands united as Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla.
03 Jan 1958 - 31 May 1962 Part of the Federation of the West Indies
(under Trinidad and Tobago).
27 Feb 1967 Associated state
18 Aug 1977 Referendum for secession, organized by the Nevis Reformation
Party (total 4,220 persons who voted, 4,193 voted for
secession, 14 persons voted no). Declared void by St. Kitts
13 Apr 1980 Renamed Saint Christopher and Nevis.
19 Dec 1980 Final separation of Anguilla.
19 Sep 1983 Independence (Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis).
Nevis granted limited self-government.
13 Oct 1997 Nevis parliament votes for separation from St. Kitts.
10 Aug 1998 Independence referendum fails, 61.7% vote yes however, 66.7%
were required for approval.
The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis is also
known as the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis), located in the
Leeward Islands, is a federal two-island state in the West Indies. It is the
smallest sovereign state in the Americas, in both area and population.
The capital city and headquarters of government for the federated state is
Road 1623-1727) on the
larger island of Saint Kitts. The smaller island of Nevis lies about 2 miles
(3 km) southeast of Saint Kitts, across a shallow channel called "The
"Country above Self".
Today, the Constitution
refers to the state as both "Saint Kitts and Nevis" and "Saint Christopher
and Nevis", but the former is the one most commonly used.
Joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island
sustains human habitation, a criterion under UNCLOS, which permits Venezuela
to extend its EEZ/continental shelf over a large portion of the Caribbean
Historically, the British dependency of Anguilla was
also a part of this union, which was then known collectively as Saint
Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla. Saint Kitts and Nevis are geographically part of
the Leeward Islands. To the north-northwest lie the islands of Sint
Eustatius, Saba, Saint Barthélemy, Saint-Martin/Sint Maarten and Anguilla.
To the east and northeast are Antigua and Barbuda, and to the southeast is
the small uninhabited island of Redonda, and the island of Montserrat, which
currently has an active volcano (Soufrière Hills). Saint Kitts and Nevis
were among the first islands in the Caribbean to be settled by Europeans.
Saint Kitts was home to the first English and French colonies in the
Caribbean, and thus has also been titled "The Mother Colony of the West
There is some disagreement over the name which
Columbus gave to St. Kitts. For many years it was thought that he named the
island San Cristobal, after his patron saint Saint Christopher, the saint of
travelling. However, new studies suggest that Columbus named the island Sant
Yago (Saint James). The name "San Cristobal" was apparently given by
Columbus to the island now known as Saba, 20 miles northwest. It seems that
"San Cristobal" came to be applied to the island of St. Kitts only as the
result of a mapping error. No matter the origin of the name, the island was
well documented as "San Cristobal" by the 17th century. The first English
colonists kept the English translation of this name, and dubbed it "St.
In the 17th century Kit or Kitt, was a common
nickname for the name Christopher and so the island was often informally
referred to as "Saint Kitt's island", which was further shortened to "Saint
The current name "Nevis" is derived from a Spanish name Nuestra Señora de
las Nieves (The original name was the archaic Spanish "Noestra Siñora delas
Neves"), by a process of abbreviation and anglicization. This Spanish name
means Our Lady of the Snows. It is not known who chose this name for the
island, but it is a reference to the story of a fourth-century Catholic
miracle: a snowfall on the Esquiline Hill in Rome. Presumably the white
clouds which usually wreathe the top of Nevis Peak reminded someone of the
story of a miraculous snowfall in a hot climate. The island of Nevis, upon
first British settlement was referred to as "Dulcina," a name meaning "sweet
one." Its original Spanish name, "Nuestra Señora de las Nieves", was
eventually kept however, though it was soon shortened to "Nevis".
Spain..................................12 Nov 1493 - 1623
On 13 May 1627, Island
divided into separate English St. Christopher (the center) and French
Saint-Christophe both ends) colonies; French colony became under
Compagnie de Saint-Christophe rule to 1635 and then under Compagnie des
Îles de l'Amérique rule. French parts becomes possession of the
Knights of Malta 1651 - 1665.
Acting till Aug 1972.
He became to known from 01 Sep 1972 as Sir Milton Pensonville Allen.
Ellsworth-Innis..........................1975 - 26 Nov 1981
Arrindell..................27 Nov 1981 - 19 Sep 1983
He became to known from
20 Jul 1983 as Sir Clement Athelston Arrindell.
within the Commonwealth...............19 Sep 1983 - date
(representing the British
monarch as head of state)
Athelston Arrindell (continued).......19
Sep 1983 - 31 Dec 1995
Montraville Sebastian................01 Jan 1996 - 01 Jan 2013
Sir Edmund Wickham
Lawrence.......................02 Jan 2013 - 19 May 2015
The withdrawal of the
appointment of Sir Edmund Lawrence as governor-general is announced on
19th May 2015.
May 2015 - date
He was acting till 01st
Sep 2015. On 01st Sep 2015, he was officially appointed Governor-General
by Queen Elizabeth II on advice of Prime Minister Timothy Sylvester
Governors-general at Nevis
Parris.....................................19 Sep 1983 - 05 Jun 1992
Vacant: 05 Jun 1992 -
15 Jan 1994.
John......................................15 Jan 1994 - date
East Caribbean Dollar = 100 cents.
The history of currency in the British colony of
St. Kitts closely follows that of the British Eastern Caribbean Territories
(Eastern Group) in general. Even though Queen Anne's proclamation of 1704
brought the gold standard to the West Indies, silver pieces of eight
(Spanish dollars and later Mexican dollars) continued to form a major
portion of the circulating currency right into the latter half of the
nineteenth century. From approximately 1750-1830, billon 2 sous of the
French colony of Cayenne were countermarked SK' and used on St.Kitts. They
were valued at 1-1/2 Pence Sterling. Britain adopted the gold standard in
1821 and an imperial order-in-council of 1838 resulted in St. Kitts formally
adopting the sterling currency in the year 1849 (and Nevis in 1858).
However, despite the circulation of British coins in St. Kitts, the silver
pieces of eight continued to circulate alongside them and the private sector
continued to use dollar accounts for reckoning. The international silver
crisis of 1873 signaled the end of the silver dollar era in the West Indies
and silver dollars were demonetized in St. Kitts in the wake of that crisis.
This left a state of affairs, in which the British coinage circulated, being
reckoned in dollar accounts at an automatic conversion rate of 1 dollar = 4
shillings 2 pence. From 1949, with the introduction of the British West
Indies dollar, the currency of St. Kitts became officially tied up with that
of the British Eastern Caribbean territories in general. The British
sterling coinage was eventually replaced by a new decimal coinage in 1955,
with the new cent being equal to one half of the old penny.
Caribbean dollar (sign: $; code: XCD) is the currency of eight of the nine
members of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (the one exception
being the British Virgin Islands). It has existed since 1965, being the
successor to the British West Indies dollar, and it is normally abbreviated
with the dollar sign $ or, alternatively, EC$ to distinguish it from other
dollar-denominated currencies. The EC$ is subdivided into 100 cents. It has
been pegged to the United States dollar since July 07, 1976 and the exchange
rate is US$1 = EC$2.70. Six of the states using the EC$ are independent
states: Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint
Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. The other two are British
overseas territories: Anguilla and Montserrat.
Commemorative coins were produced by Saint
Kitts and Nevis in
1970, 1982, 1983, 1985 and 1988.
Saint Kitts and Nevis commemorative coins
28.12 grams. Metal:
British Royal Mint.
Obverse: Associated State Coat and Arms
in the center with Motto: "Unity in Trinity". Date and "SAINT
CHRISTOPHER . NEVIS . ANGUILLA" below
it. "INAUGURATION OF THE CARIBBEAN DEVELOPMENT BANK" around.
Sugar cane and Banana tree branches in the center.
"GROW MORE FOOD FOR MANKIND" on the
top part and value "4 DOLLARS" at the bottom. F.A.O issue.
15,000 (including 2,000 proof pieces).
Minted Years: One year
(1969 - 1975) associated state under
Elizabeth II [Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor].
Note: In early
1967 the Colony was, together with the islands of Nevis and
Anguilla, united politically as a self-governing British Associated
State. However, in June 1967 Anguilla declared its independence,
severing ties with Britain and established a so called ‘Republic of
Anguilla”. Britain refused to accept this and established a
Commissioner to govern Anguilla; this arrangement continues to the
KM#6 100 Dollars.
Weight: 129.59 grams.
Metal: .925 Silver. Edge:
British Royal Mint.
Obverse: Saint Christopher & Nevis Coat and Arms with Motto:
"Country above Self".
"SAINT CHRISTOPHER & NEVIS" written at the top above the center circle and date at
Tropical birds - Green-throated Carib Hummingbird.
"ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS" written at the top.
Minted Years: One year
Sir Clement Athelston Arrindell
(19 Sep 1983 - 31 Dec 1995) under
Elizabeth II [Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor].