Saint Lucia
 

 
               13 Dec 1502  Discovered by Christopher Columbus and claimed for Spain,
                             named Isla de Santa Lucia.
 23 Aug 1605 - Sep 1605     First attempted English settlement.
        1638 - Aug 1640     Second attempted English settlement.
               1643         French colony (Sainte-Lucie).
        1664 - 16 Feb 1666  English occupation.
        1667 - 1674         Administered by the French Compagnie des Indies Occidentales.
               1674         French crown colony, as a dependency of Martinique
                             (evacuated 1674/88-1719, 1720-22, 1723-44).
 16 Dec 1722 - Jan 1723     English settlement at Petit Carenage, opposed by French.
        1723 - 1744         Neutral territory agreed by Britain and France in the Treaty
                             of Choc, but French settlers remain.
               1744         French colony (Sainte-Lucie).
 18 Oct 1748 - 1756         Declared Neutral territory by Treaty of Aix La Chapelle
                             (French do not evacuate and island remains de facto a
                             French possession).
 25 Feb 1762 - 10 Feb 1763  British occupation.
 28 Dec 1778 - 03 Jan 1784  British occupation.
 04 Apr 1794 - 18 Jun 1795  British occupation.
 25 May 1796 - 27 Mar 1802  British occupation.
 25 Oct 1797 - 19 Apr 1801  Nominally organized as Lucie département of France (Saint
                            Lucia and Tobago; not effected due to British occupation).  
 26 Sep 1802 - 21 Jun 1803  Restored to France.
               21 Jun 1803  British colony (Saint Lucia).
               30 May 1814  British possession confirmed.
                      1838  British crown colony.
        1838 - 01 Jan 1960  Part of the Windward Islands colony (under Grenada).
 03 Jan 1958 - 31 May 1962  Part of the Federation of the West Indies
                             (under Trinidad and Tobago).
               01 Mar 1967  Associated state
               22 Feb 1979  Independence from Britain as Saint Lucia.
 

Saint Lucia, an independent island nation located in the Windward Islands of the West Indies. It is located north/northeast of Saint Vincent, northwest of Barbados and south of Martinique with an area of 617 km2 (238.23 sq mi).

Capital: Castries (Le Carenage 1651-1785).

The economy is agricultural. Bananas, copra, cocoa, sugar and logwood are exported. Columbus discovered Saint Lucia in 1502. The first attempts at settlement undertaken by the British in 1605 and 1638 were frustrated by sickness and the determined hostility of the fierce Carib inhabitants. The French settled it in 1650 and made a treaty with the natives. Saint Lucia was named after Saint Lucy of Syracuse by the French, the first European colonizers. English signed a treaty with the native Carib people in 1660.

Territorial Dispute: Joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under UNCLOS, which permits Venezuela to extend its EEZ/continental shelf over a large portion of the Caribbean Sea.

England took control of the island from 1663 to 1667; in ensuing years, it was at war with France 14 times and rule of the island changed frequently (it was seven times each ruled by the French and British). In 1814, the British took definitive control of the island. Because it switched so often between British and French control, Saint Lucia was also known as the "Helen of the West Indies".
In 1967, under the West Indies Act, Saint Lucia was established as a British associated state, self-governing in internal affairs. Complete independence was attained on February 22, 1979. Saint Lucia is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Elizabeth II is Head of State as Queen of Saint Lucia.
Two Nobel laureates, Arthur Lewis, an economist, and Derek Walcott, a poet and playwright, have come from the island. It is the nation with the second most such honorees per capita after the Faroe Islands.
 
 
  • Claimed by Spain....................................13 Dec 1502 - 1650
  • Failed attempts to form British settlement..........23 Aug 1605 - Sep 1605
  • Failed attempts to form British settlement.................1638 - Aug 1640
  • France.....................................................1643 - 1664
  • Great Britain..............................................1664 - 16 Feb 1666
  • France.....................................................1667 - 1722
  • Evacuated by France in 1674/88-1719 and 1720-1722.
  • Great Britain..............................................1722 - 1723
  • Neutral Zone...............................................1723 - 1744
  • Neutral territory agreed by Britain and France in the Treaty of Choc.
  • France..............................................08 Jun 1744 - 18 Oct 1748
  • Neutral Zone...............................................1748 - 1756
  • Declared Neutral territory, agreed by Britain and France in the Treaty of Aix La Chapelle.
  • France.....................................................1756 - 25 Feb 1762
  • Great Britain.......................................25 Feb 1762 - 10 Feb 1763
  • France..............................................10 Feb 1763 - 28 Dec 1778
  • Great Britain.......................................28 Dec 1778 - 03 Jan 1784
  • France..............................................03 Jan 1784 - 04 Apr 1794
  • Great Britain.......................................04 Apr 1794 - 18 Jun 1795
  • France..............................................19 Jun 1795 - 25 May 1796
  • Great Britain.......................................25 May 1796 - 27 Mar 1802
  • France..............................................26 Sep 1802 - 21 Jun 1803
  • Great Britain.......................................21 Jun 1803 - 22 Feb 1979
    • Administrator
    • Julian Edward George Asquith..........................1958 - Jan 1962
    • He is known as Earl of Oxford and Asquith.
    • Gerald Jackson Bryan (acting to Apr 1962).........Jan 1962 - 1967
    • Governors [Associated state from 01 Mar 1967]
    • Frederick Joseph Clarke...............................1967 - Sep 1971
    • He became to known from 19 Jul 1967 as Sir Frederick Joseph Clarke.
    • Ira Marcus Simmons (acting to 1973)...............Sep 1971 - 05 Oct 1974
    • He became to known from 11 Jun 1974 as Sir Ira Marcus Simmons.
    • Sir Allen Montgomery Lewis............................1974 - 22 Feb 1979
  • Independent within the Commonwealth.................22 Feb 1979 - date
  • Governors-general (representing the British monarch as head of state)
  • Sir Allen Montgomery Lewis (1st time)...............22 Feb 1979 - 19 Jun 1980
  • Boswell Williams (acting to 16 Dec 1981)............19 Jun 1980 - 13 Dec 1982
  • Sir Allen Montgomery Lewis (2nd time)...............13 Dec 1982 - 30 Apr 1987
  • Vincent Frederick Floissac (acting - 1st time)......30 Apr 1987 - 10 Oct 1988
  • Stanislaus Anthony James (acting to 22 Feb 1992)....10 Oct 1988 - 31 May 1996
  • He became to known from 10 Apr 1992 as Sir Stanislaus Anthony James.
  • William George Mallet...............................01 Jun 1996 - 31 Aug 1997
  • He became to known from 22 Feb 1997 as Sir William George Mallet.
  • Sir Vincent Frederick Floissac (acting - 2nd time)..31 Aug 1997 - 17 Sep 1997
  • Calliopa Pearlette Louisy (female)..................17 Sep 1997 - date
  • She became to known from 16 Jul 1999 as Dame Calliopa Pearlette Louisy.
 
 
Monetary standard: East Caribbean Dollar = 100 cents.

Prior to 1950, the island used sterling, which was superseded by the currency of the British Caribbean Territories (Eastern Group) and the East Caribbean State.

The East Caribbean dollar (sign: $; code: XCD) is the currency of eight of the nine members of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (the one exception being the British Virgin Islands). It has existed since 1965, being the successor to the British West Indies dollar, and it is normally abbreviated with the dollar sign $ or, alternatively, EC$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. The EC$ is subdivided into 100 cents. It has been pegged to the United States dollar since July 07, 1976 and the exchange rate is US$1 = EC$2.70. Six of the states using the EC$ are independent states: Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. The other two are British overseas territories: Anguilla and Montserrat. Commemorative coins were produced by Saint Lucia in 1970, 1982, 1985, 1986 and 1988.
 
Saint Lucia commemorative coins
 

KM#11 4 Dollars. Year: 1970. Weight: 28.27 grams. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Edge: Reeded. Diameter: 38.50 mm. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint. Obverse: Associated State Coat and Arms in the center with Motto: "The Land, The People, The Light". Date and "SAINT LUCIA" below it. "INAUGURATION OF THE CARIBBEAN DEVELOPMENT BANK" around. Reverse: Sugar cane and Banana tree branches in the center. "GROW MORE FOOD FOR MANKIND" on the top part and value "4 DOLLARS" at the bottom. F.A.O issue. Mintage: 15,000 (including 2,000 proof pieces). Minted Years: One year type. Governor: Sir Frederick Joseph Clarke (1969 - Sep 1971) associated state under British monarch: Elizabeth II [Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor].

KM#17 100 Dollars. Year: 1988. Weight: 129.59 grams. Metal: .925 Silver. Edge: Reeded. Diameter: 63.00 mm. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint. Obverse: Saint Lucia Coat and Arms with Motto: "The Land, The People, The Light" within the center circle. "SAINT LUCIA" written at the top above the center circle and date at the bottom. Reverse: Tropical birds - Two Amazon parrots in the center. "ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS" written at the top. Mintage: 10,000 (estimated). Minted Years: One year type. Governor-General: Vincent Frederick Floissac (30 Apr 1987 - 10 Oct 1988) under British monarch: Elizabeth II [Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor].
 
 
 
Countries / Territories
 
Chiefa Coins