Saint Pierre and Miquelon
 
 
               19 Oct 1520  Discovered by Portuguese navigator José Álvarez Faguendes,
                             named Eleven Thousand Virgins' Islands (Islas de Onze Mille
                             Virgens) but the royal court names them the Green Islands. 
               11 Jun 1535  Claimed for France by Jacques Cartier (Saint-Pierre).  
                    c.1579  The name of Miquelon was coined.
                      1604  French settlements begins.
                      1670  Annexed by France, subordinated to Plaisance until 1713.  
                      1693  First local governor named by French governor of Plaisance.
          1702, 1703, 1707  Islands pillaged by the British.
        1708 - 1710         Abandoned.
          1708, 1710, 1712  Islands pillaged by the British.
 11 Apr 1713 - 10 Feb 1763  British rule (part of Nova Scotia).
               10 Feb 1763  Separate French colony (Saint-Pierre and Miquelon)
                             (Îles Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon).
 14 Sep 1778 - 28 Jul 1783  British occupation.
 14 May 1793 - 20 Aug 1802  British occupation.
 20 Mar 1803 - 22 Jun 1816  British occupation.
               22 Jun 1816  French colony.
 14 Sep 1939 - 25 Dec 1941  Subordinated to High Commissioner and Commander of the Theater
                             Atlantic West (Martinique).
 10 Jun 1940 - 25 Dec 1941  Administration loyal to Vichy France (from 25 Dec 1941, Free
                             French).
               27 Oct 1946  French overseas territory.
               19 Jul 1976  French overseas département.
               11 Jun 1985  French collectivité territoriale.
               28 Mar 2003  French overseas collectivité (with the designation
                             collectivité territoriale).
 
The Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon are two small islands, a French overseas territory located 10 miles (16 km.) off the south coast of Newfoundland, off the end of the Burin Peninsula. It has an area of 93 sq. mi. (242 sq. km.) and a population of around 6,000. Capital: Saint Pierre. The economy of the barren archipelago is based on cod fishing and fur farming. Fish and fish products, and mink and silver fox pelts are exported. The islands were occupied by the French in 1604, then were captured by the British in 1702 and held until 1763, at which time they were returned to the possession of France and employed as a fishing station. They passed between France and England on six more occasions between 1778 and 1814 when the Treaty of  Paris awarded them permanently to France. The rugged, soil poor granite islands, which will support only evergreen shrubs, are all that remain of France’s extensive North American colonies. In 1958 Saint Pierre and Miquelon voted in favor of the new constitution of the Fifth Republic of France, thereby choosing to remain within the new French Community.
 
  • France.................................................1604 - 11 Apr 1713
  • Great Britain (part of Nova Scotia).............11 Apr 1713 - 10 Feb 1763
  • France..........................................10 Feb 1763 - 14 Sep 1778
  • Great Britain...................................14 Sep 1778 - 28 Jul 1783
  • France..........................................28 Jul 1783 - 14 May 1793
  • Great Britain...................................14 May 1793 - 20 Aug 1802
  • France..........................................20 Aug 1802 - 20 Mar 1803
  • Great Britain...................................20 Mar 1803 - 22 Jun 1816
  • France..........................................22 Jun 1816 - date
 
Currency: Euro is used on this Island. Before Euro, French Franc was used. A few coins have been made on Saint Pierre et Miquelon dated 1948.
 
1948
 

KM#1 1 Franc. Year: 1948. Weight: 1.35g. Metal: Aluminum. Diameter: 23 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Paris. Obverse: REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE UNION FRANÇAISE. Winged liberty head left. Reverse:  SAINT PIERRE ET MIQUELON. Ship above value. Mintage: 600,000. Minted Years: One year type.

Note: L. BAZOR lower left of bust and GB. lower right of bust.

KM#2 2 Francs. Year: 1948. Weight: 2.20g. Metal: Aluminum. Diameter: 27 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Paris. Obverse: REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE UNION FRANÇAISE. Winged liberty head left. Reverse:  SAINT PIERRE ET MIQUELON. Ship above value. Mintage: 300,000. Minted Years: One year type.

Note: L. BAZOR lower left of bust and GB. lower right of bust.

 
 
 
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