Nagorno-Karabakh (Artsakh)
 

 
Nagorno-Karabakh, an ethnically Armenian enclave inside Azerbaijan (pop., 1991 est.: 193,000), SW region. It occupies an area of 1,700 sq mi (4,400 square km) on the NE flank of the Karabakh Mountain Range, with the capital city: Stepanakert (Tatev 1920-1921; Shusha 1751-1822). Russia annexed the area from Persia in 1813, and in 1923 it was established as an autonomous province of the Azerbaijan S.S.R. In 1988 the region's ethnic Armenian majority demonstrated against Azerbaijani rule, and in 1991, after the breakup of the U.S.S.R. brought independence to Armenia and Azerbaijan, war broke out between the two ethnic groups. On January 8, 1992 the leaders of Nagorno-Karabakh declared independence as the Republic of Mountainous Karabakh (RMK). Since 1994, following a cease-fire, ethnic Armenians have held Karabakh, though officially it remains part of Azerbaijan. Karabakh remains sovereign, but the political and military condition is volatile and tensions frequently flare into skirmishes. Its marvelous nature and geographic situation, have all facilitated Karabakh to be a center of science, poetry and, especially, of the musical culture of Azerbaijan. The region possesses numerous mineral springs and deposits of zinc, coal, lead, gold, marble and limestone. The major cities of the region are Stepanakert, which serves as the capital of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, and Shusha, which lies partially in ruins. Vineyards, orchards and mulberry groves for silkworms are developed in the valleys.
The sovereign status of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic is not recognized by any state, including Armenia, besides Transnistria, which is itself a largely unrecognized state. Three United Nations Security Council Resolutions (853, 874, and 884) and United Nations General Assembly resolutions 49/13 and 57/298 refer to Nagorno-Karabakh as a region of Azerbaijan. None of these resolutions were passed under Chapter VII (Action with Respect to Threats to the Peace, Breaches of the Peace, and Acts of Aggression) of the Charter.
 
                    c.1554  State under the rule of an Atabeg founded; part of Persia.
                      1588  Part of the Ottoman Empire.
                      1606  Khanate of Qarabagh (Karabakh) founded.
               14 May 1806  Annexed to Russia by Treaty of Kurekchay.
                  Oct 1822  Khanate abolished by Russia.
               04 Jun 1918  Treaty of Batum recognizes Karabakh as an autonomous part
                             of Azerbaijan.
            22/26 Jul 1918  (Armenian) People's Government of Karabakh formed.
 26 Aug 1919 - 09 Jun 1920  Government of Karabakh recognizes the sovereignty of
                             Azerbaijan.
               09 Jun 1920  Declared incorporated into Armenia.
                  Sep 1920  Armenia relinquished Zangezur and Karabakh to Azerbaijan, but
                             Armenian forces remain and Azeris could not take power.
               02 Dec 1920  Azerbaidzhan S.S.R. Revolutionary Committee recognizes
                             Nakhichevan, Nagorno-Karabakh and Zangezur as part of
                             Armenian S.S.R.
               25 Dec 1920  Syunik Autonomous Republic proclaimed by Armenian
                             forces in Syunie (Siunie) and Karabakh with capital in
                             Tatev which is declared to be "autonomous within Armenia."
               02 Apr 1921  Republic of Syunik proclaims independence.
               26 Apr 1921  Syunik reduced to only part of upper Karabakh and is renamed
                             the Republic of Mountainous Armenia.
               03 Jun 1921  Caucasus Bureau of the Russian Communist Party recognizes
                             Nagorno-Karabakh as part of Armenian S.S.R.
               01 Jul 1921  Republic of Mountainous Armenia is renamed Republic of
                             Armenia.
               05 Jul 1921  Soviet Russia occupies the area, made part of Azerbaijan.
               07 Jul 1923  Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast within Azerbaidzhan S.S.R.
               13 Feb 1988  Karabakh Armenians began demonstrating in favour of 
                             unification with the Armenian republic
               20 Feb 1988  Supreme Soviet of Nagorno-Karabakh votes to reunite with 
                             Armenia (rejected by Supreme Soviet of U.S.S.R. on 28 Mar
                             1988,  but recognized by Armenian S.S.R. on 15 Jun 1988).
               22 Feb 1988  First direct confrontation of the conflict occurred as a large
                             group of Azeris marched from Agdam against the Armenian
                             populated town of Askeran.
               12 Jul 1988  Supreme Soviet of Nagorno-Karabakh again votes to join Armenia
                             (rejected by Supreme Soviet of U.S.S.R. on 18 Jul 1988, but
                             ratified by Armenian S.S.R. 1 Dec 1989).
 12 Jan 1989 - Aug 1991     Placed under direct Soviet administration from Moscow.
               28 Nov 1989  Autonomy abrogated by Supreme Soviet of U.S.S.R.
               29 Nov 1989  Direct rule in Nagorno-Karabakh was ended and the region was
                             returned to mostly Azerbaijani administration.
               01 Dec 1989  During a joint session, the Supreme Soviets of Armenian S.S.R. 
                             and the National Council adopt a resolution on reunification
                             of Nagorno-Karabakh and Armenian S.S.R.
               27 Aug 1990  Azerbaijan S.S.R. abolishes Nagorno-Karabakh autonomy.
               02 Sep 1991  Armenian Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh (or Republic of 
                             Mountainous Karabakh (Artsakh) declared.

               26 Nov 1991  Azerbaijan declares Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast
                             dissolved. It came under direct control of Azerbaijan.
               06 Jan 1992  Independence declared (not internationally recognized).
 19 May 1992 - date         Armenian occupation of adjacent Azeri city of Lachin
                            (Kelbajar from 7 Apr 1993, Aghdam 24 Jul 1993, Fizuli 23 Aug
                             1993, Jebrayil 26 Aug 1993 and Gubatly 31 Aug 1993, Horadiz
                             23 Oct 1993 - Feb 1994 and in Zangelan from 1 Nov 1993).
              02 Jun 1992  Flag Adopted
              17 Nov 1992  Text of National Anthem Adopted
              10 Dec 2006  Constitution
                           Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (Artsakh Republic also in use).
 
 
 
  • ARRAN Western Azerbaijan, south of Chechnya.
  • Armenia................................................c. 80 - 55
  • Albania...............................................55 BCE - 47 CE
  • The Roman Empire..........................................47 - c. 230
  • To Persia.............................................c. 230 - 651
  • Prophet Muhammad's elected successors....................643 - 661
    • Governors of Arran
    • appointed by Caliph (capital at Barda (North Azerbaijan) and from 760 Tabriz (South Azerbaijan, now within Iran).
    • Khudaifa ibn al-Yaman...............................643 - 644
    • Sammak ibn al-Haris.................................644 - 645
    • Utba ibn Farhad.....................................645 - 646
    • al-Walid ibn Uqba...................................646 - 656
    • Said ibn Sariya al-Khuzai...........................656 - 658
    • Kais ibn Sa'ad al-Ansari............................658 - 660
  • Umayyad Caliphate........................................661 - 750
    • Ubaydallah ibn al-Abbas.............................660 - 663
    • To Arminyah.........................................663 - 692
    • Muhammad ibn Marwan.................................692 - 710
    • Maslama al-Amawi (1st time).........................710 - 720
    • Tabit al-Nahrawani..................................720 - 722
    • al-Djarrah ibn Abdallah.............................722 - 724
    • Said ibn Amir.......................................724 - 725
    • Maslama al-Amawi (2nd time).........................725 - 732
    • Marwan ibn Muhammad (Caliph Marwan II 744-750)......732 - 744
  • Abbasid Caliphate........................................750 - 889
    • Abu Djafar Abdallah al-Mansur (caliph 754-775)......750 - 754
    • unknown ruler
    • Abu al-Fazl Yahya ibn Halid al-Barmaqi..............775 - 778
    • Bistam ibn Amir al-Taglibi..........................778 - 787
    • Yazid ibn Mazyad (1st time).........................787 - 791
    • He ruled at Shirvan 799-801. Arminya in 787-788 and 799-801.
    • Zubaida (female)....................................791 - 798
    • Yazid ibn Mazyad (2nd time).........................799 - 801
    • Huzaima ibn Khazim..................................801 - 803
    • Badjna ibn Rawad....................................803 - 812
    • Hatim ibn Hatama....................................812 - 820
    • Isa ibn Muhammad....................................820 - 824
    • Ali ibn Sadaka al-Ruzak...................................824
    • Ibrahim ibn al-Lais.................................824 - 826
    • Muhammad ibn Humaid al-Tusi.........................826 - 829
    • Ali ibn Hisham......................................829 - 832
    • Udjayf ibn Anbasa...................................832 - 838
    • Mandjur.............................................839 - 840
    • Muhammad ibn al-Rawad...............................840 - 846
    • Muhammad ibn Hatim..................................847 - 848
    • Hamdawayh ibn Ali al-Saadi..........................848 - 849
    • Abu Abdallah Mohammad (caliph al-Mu’tazz 866-869)...849 - 862
    • Abu al-Hasan Ali....................................862 - 863
    • unknown ruler
    • al-Ala ibn Ahmad al-Azdi............................873 - 874
    • unknown ruler
  • Iranian Azerbaijan (Sajid dynasty).......................889 - 900
    • ARANSHAKHIK-MIGRANIAN (in Artsakh (Qarabagh))
    • Sakhl Smbatian (at Kuchen)....................fl. early 800's with...
    • Isaiah (at Dizak).............................fl. early - mid 800's
  • Emirate of Shirvan of Azerbaijan (Yazidid)............c. 900 - 1027
  • Emirate of Shirvan of Azerbaijan (Kesranid).............1027 - 1063
  • Fadl appears in the history of ibn al-Athir as "Fadhlun the Kurd". He was the first emir of Arran to issue his own coinage, having his mint located at Partav and later Ganja. Fadl also has the singular distinction of being the last leader in recorded history to have been defeated in battle by the Khazars, in 1030. According to ibn al-Athir, the Khazars killed 10,000 of Fadl's soldiers. Some scholars believe that ibn al-Athir was either using "Khazar" as a generic for Caucasian highlanders or else was altogether mistaken, and that Fadl actually fought Circassians, Pechenegs or Alans. Later references appear to individual Khazars in Russian sources, but not to an organized state or army.
  • Seljuqs.................................................1071 - c. 1120
    • main rulers of Arran
    • Menuchir (at Ani)..................................1075 - 1118
    • Abu-l-Asvar Shavur II..............................1118 - 1124
    • Fadl IV ibn Shavur II..............................1125 - ?
    • Mahmud............................................... ? - 1131
    • Khushchikr.........................................1131 - ?
    • Shaddad.............................................. ? - 1155
    • Fadl V.............................................1155 - 1161
    • Shahanshah.........................................1164 - 1174
  • Emirate of Shirvan of Azerbaijan (Kesranid)..........c. 1120 - 1204
  • Mongols.................................................1225 - 1278
    • GASAN-DJALALID
    • Gasan-Djalal (Qarabagh, Chachen).........fl. mid 1200's - 1261
  • Mongol Ilkhans..........................................1278 - 1340
  • Jalayirid Baghdad.......................................1340 - 1382
  • Timurid Empire..........................................1382 - 1405
  • Horde of the Black Sheep (Kara Koyunlu).................1405 - 1468
  • Qara Yusuf’s death in 1420 left his sons Ispend, Iskander, Jahan Shah and Abu Sa’id fighting over the Succession. The Turkoman Muzaffar al-Din Jahan Shah ibn Yusuf (1437–1467) became ruler of this region.
  • Horde of the White Sheep (Ak Koyunlu)...................1468 - 1502
  • Persia..................................................1502 - 1516
  • Ottoman Empire..........................................1516 - 1539
  • Persia..................................................1539 - 1548
  • Ottoman Empire..........................................1548 - 1578
  • Derbendi dynasty of Azerbaijan
  • Abu Bakr Mirza ibn Burhan Ali..................................1578
  • Ottoman Empire.................................................1578
  • Persia..................................................1578 - 1579
  • Ottoman Empire..........................................1579 - 1607
  • Persia..................................................1607 - 1721
  • Russia..................................................1721 - 1732
    • Qarabagh as Vassals of Persia
    • In c. 1554 Qarabagh state under the rule of Atabeg founded. It became part of Ottoman Empire 1588-1606. Khanate founded in 1606.
    • Dawud Khan.........................................1722 - May 1728
    • Makhtihar..........................................1728 - 1730
    • Ughurlu Khan Ziyadoghlu............................1730 - 1738
    • Khan Chemskeseka..........................................fl. 1740's
  • Persia..................................................1732 - 1747
  • DJEVANSHIR
  • Panah Khan Ali Beg......................................1747 - 1761
  • Ibrahim Khalil Khan.....................................1761 - 14 Jun 1806
  • Mahdi Quli Khan Muzaffar................................1806 - Oct 1822 d. 1845
  • Qarabagh has become a thorny source of contention between Azerbaijan and Armenia in modern times. The region was populated by large numbers of Armenian migrants during the 19th century, and when the Soviet Union broke up in 1991, an Armenian insurgency dating from 1987 erupted into open warfare with Azerbaijan, with whom the territory has been incorporated into since Tsarist times.
  • Russia.............................................Oct 1822 - 1918
    • Viceroys of Transcaucasia (including Armenia and Azerbaijan)
    • Mikhail Semyonovich (Prince Vorontsov)...........1845 - 1853 d. 1856
    • Nikolai Nikolaievich Muravyov....................1854 - 1856
    • Prince Aleksandr Ivanovich Baryatinsky...........1856 - 1862
    • Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolaievich Romanov..........1862 - 1881 d. 1909
    • Civil Administrators of the Caucasus
    • Pr. Aleksandr Mikhailovich Dondukov-Korsakov.....1882 - 1890 d. 1893
    • Sergei Aleksandrovich Sheremetyev................1890 - 1896 d. 1896
    • Prince Grigorii Sergeievich Golitsyn.............1896 - 1904 d. 1907
    • Yakov Dmitriyevich Malama (acting)...............1904 - 1905 d. 1912
    • Viceroys
    • Count Illarion Ivanovich Vorontsov-Dashkov.......1905 - 1915 d. 1916
    • Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaievich Romanov..........1915 - 1917 d. 1929
  • Transcaucasian Republic........................24 Feb 1918 - 26 May 1918
  • Nikoloz Semyonovich Chkheidze..................23 Feb 1918 - 26 May 1918
  • On February 10, 1918, the Sejm gathered and made the decision to establish independence. On February 24, 1918, The Sejm proclaimed the "Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic". Remaining in Georgia, he became leader of the Transcaucasian Sejm on February 23, 1918 and in May was elected a Chairman of the Constituent Assembly of the newly-proclaimed Democratic Republic of Georgia. On March 3, 1918, the armistice of Erzincan followed up with the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk marking Russia's exit from World War I. In the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, the Ottoman Empire regained Batum, Kars, and Ardahan. Between March 14 and April 1918 the Trabzon peace conference was held between the Ottoman Empire and a delegation of the Sejm. On April 05, the head of the Transcaucasian delegation, Akaki Chkhenkeli, accepted the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. On May 11, 1918, a new peace conference opened at Batum. At this conference the Ottomans extended their demands to include Tiflis as well as Alexandropol and Echmiadzin, where they wanted to build a railroad to connect Kars and Julfa with Baku. The Armenian and Georgian members of the Republic’s delegation began to stall. Beginning on May 21, the Ottoman army moved ahead once again. The conflict led to the Battle of Sardarapat (May 21–29), the Battle of Kara Killisse (May 24–28), and the Battle of Bash Abaran (May 21–24). On May 26, 1918, Georgia (Democratic Republic of Georgia) declared independence; two days later, on May 28, Armenia (Democratic Republic of Armenia) and Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan Democratic Republic) followed suit, dissolving the federation. The day is commemorated by both countries as Republic Day.
  • Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.................28 May 1918 - 27 Apr 1920
    • President of Karabakh Sovereignty Committee
    • Lyuftali-bek Byebutov............................1917 - Sep 1918
    • President of Karabakh Armenian National Council
    • Yeghishe Ishkhanyan..........................Sep 1918 - 1919
    • Governor of Karabakh
    • Khosrov bey Sultanov......................15 Jan 1919 - May 1920
    • President of Authority
    • Arsen Ogannesyan.............................Apr 1920 - 1920
    • President of the Revolutionary Committee
    • Sako Ambartsumyan.......................................1920
  • Soviet Union...................................27 Apr 1920 - 25 Dec 1991
    • Karabakh Sparapet (Commander)
    • Garegin Egishevich Ter-Arutyunian............Apr 1921 - Jul 1921
    • First Secretaries of the Oblast Committee of the Communist Party
    • Sero Manutsyan...............................Jul 1923 - Dec 1923
    • Akop Mikaelovich Bendzhanyan.................Dec 1923 - Apr 1924
    • Sarkisov.....................................Apr 1924 - Oct 1924
    • Hayk Hachaturovich Silanyan..................Oct 1924 - 1925
    • Artvazd Aleksandrovich Saakyants.................1925 - 1929
    • M.K. Danilyan ...................................1929 - Dec 1929
    • Ashot Abramovich Karamyan........................1929 - May 1930
    • unknown person May 1930 - Jul 1938.
    • Mikhail Sergeyevich Manukyants...............Jul 1938 - Oct 1942
    • Yegishe Petrosovich Grigoryan (1st time).....Oct 1942 - 1946
    • Tigran Grigoryevich Grigoryan....................1956 - 1951
    • Yegishe Petrosovich Grigoryan (2nd time).........1952 - Dec 1958
    • Nikolay Samsonovich Shakhnazarov.............Dec 1958 - Oct 1962
    • Gurgen Allakhverdovich Melkumyan.............Oct 1962 - Jun 1973
    • Boris Sarkisovich Kevorkov...................Jun 1973 - 24 Feb 1988
    • Genrikh Andreyevich Pogosyan..............24 Feb 1988 - 20 Jan 1989
    • Vagan Gabrielyan..........................20 Jan 1989 - 27 Aug 1990
  • Republic of Azerbaijan.........................30 Aug 1991 - date
    • Chairmen of Parliament
    • Leonard Georgiyevich Petrosyan............12 Sep 1990 - 06 Jan 1992
    • He was Chairman of the Executive Council to 02 Sep 1991.
    • Artur Aslanovich Mkrtchyan................07 Jan 1992 - 14 Apr 1992
    • Georgy Mikhaylovich Petrosyan (acting)....15 Apr 1992 - 14 Jun 1993
    • Garen Zarmayrovich Baburyan (acting)......14 Jun 1993 - 29 Dec 1994
    • Presidents
    • Robert Sedrakovich Kocharyan..............29 Dec 1994 - 20 Mar 1997
    • The politics of Armenia and the de-facto Karabakh republic are so intermingled that Robert Kocharyan, became first the Prime Minister of Armenia (20 Mar 1997 - 10 Apr 1998 and acting 02 May 2000 - 12 May 2000) and then the President of Armenia (04 Feb 1998 - 09 Apr 2008).
    • Leonard Georgiyevich Petrosyan (acting)...20 Mar 1997 - 08 Sep 1997
    • He served as Chairman of the Parliament (1990-1992) and as Prime Minister from Dec 1992 to Jun 1998.
    • Arkady Arshavirovich Gukasyan.............08 Sep 1997 - 07 Sep 2007
    • Bako Sahakovich Sahakyan..................07 Sep 2007 - date
 
 
Coinage
Currency: Armenian Dram = 100 luma are used. Commemorative coins were also produced from 1998 to 2004.
 
1998
 

KM#1 25000 Drams. Year: 1998. Weight: 31.20g. Metal: 0.999 Silver. Diameter: 39.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lialoosin Inc., Los Angeles, CA. Obverse: "1998" at the top. National emblem in the center with Numeral "25000" below it. Armenian language at the bottom. Reverse: Head left above two fists with dates "1957-1993". Armenian language around. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

KM#1a 25000 Drams. Year: 1998. Weight: 31.20g. Metal: 0.999 Silver gold plated. Diameter: 39.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lialoosin Inc., Los Angeles, CA. Obverse: "1998" at the top. National emblem in the center with Numeral "25000" below it. Armenian language at the bottom. Reverse: Head left above two fists with dates "1957-1993". Armenian language around. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

KM#5 25000 Drams. Year: 1998. Weight: 31.20g. Metal: 0.999 Silver. Diameter: 39.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lialoosin Inc., Los Angeles, CA. Obverse: "1998" at the top. National emblem in the center with Numeral "25000" below it. Armenian language at the bottom. Reverse: "Արցախ" written on top left side with "ARTSAKH" written on the top right side. Two Monument faces in the center. Date at the bottom with metal composition "999°" on the right side. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.
The reverse depicts a man and a woman of the monument, "We Are Our Mountains". The sculpture, complete is widely regarded as a symbol of the Armenian heritage of Nagorno-Karabakh. The monument represents the mountain people of Karabakh. It is also known as "tatik-papik" in Armenian.

KM#5a 25000 Drams. Year: 1998. Weight: 31.20g. Metal: 0.999 Silver gold plated. Diameter: 39.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lialoosin Inc., Los Angeles, CA. Obverse: "1998" at the top. National emblem in the center with Numeral "25000" below it. Armenian language at the bottom. Reverse: "Արցախ" written on top left side with "ARTSAKH" written on the top right side. Two Monument faces in the center. Date at the bottom with metal composition "999°" on the right side. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

KM#13 25000 Drams. Year: 1998. Weight: 31.20g. Metal: 0.999 Silver. Diameter: 38.90 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N/A. Obverse: "1998" at the top. National emblem in the center with Numeral "25000" below it. Armenian language at the bottom. Reverse: 10 dots on the left top side. "Հայաստան" Armenian language written on top right side. Armenian map on the left side and Nagorno-Karabakh map on the right side. ".999." at the bottom. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

KM#14 25000 Drams. Year: 1998. Weight: 31.20g. Metal: 0.999 Silver. Diameter: 38.90 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N/A. Obverse: "1998" at the top. National emblem in the center with Numeral "25000" below it. Armenian language at the bottom. Reverse: Armenian language in three lines written on top. "1700" written in the center. "CHRISTIANITY WAS PROCLAIMED IN ARMENIA AS THE OFFICIAL RELIGION OF THE STATE IN 301 AD.  Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

KM#16 25000 Drams. Year: 1998. Weight: 31.20g. Metal: 0.999 Silver. Diameter: 39.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lialoosin Inc., Los Angeles, CA. Obverse: "1998" at the top. National emblem in the center with Numeral "25000" below it. Armenian language at the bottom. Reverse: Armenian language written on top left side and "ARTGHIK" written on the right bottom side. Woman portrait facing left in the center. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

KM#16a 25000 Drams. Year: 1998. Weight: 31.20g. Metal: 0.999 Silver gold plated. Diameter: 39.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lialoosin Inc., Los Angeles, CA. Obverse: "1998" at the top. National emblem in the center with Numeral "25000" below it. Armenian language at the bottom. Reverse: Armenian language written on top left side and "ARTGHIK" written on the right bottom side. Woman portrait facing left in the center. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

KM#2 50000 Drams. Year: 1998. Weight: 155.51g. Metal: 0.999 Silver. Diameter: 63.80 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lialoosin Inc., Los Angeles, CA. Obverse: "1998" at the top. National emblem in the center with Numeral "50000" below it. Armenian language at the bottom. Reverse: Head left above two fists with dates "1957-1993". Armenian language around. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

KM#2a 50000 Drams. Year: 1998. Weight: 155.51g. Metal: 0.999 Silver gold plated. Diameter: 63.80 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lialoosin Inc., Los Angeles, CA. Obverse: "1998" at the top. National emblem in the center with Numeral "50000" below it. Armenian language at the bottom. Reverse: Head left above two fists with dates "1957-1993". Armenian language around. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

 
2000
 

KM#4 50000 Drams. Year: 2000. Weight: 155.51g. Metal: 0.999 Silver. Diameter: 63.80 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lialoosin Inc., Los Angeles, CA. Obverse: "1998" at the top. National emblem in the center with Numeral "50000" below it. Armenian language at the bottom. Reverse: "Արցախ" wtitten on top left side with "ARTSAKH" written on the top right side. Two Monument faces in the center. Date at the bottom with metal composition "999°" below it. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

KM#4a 50000 Drams. Year: 2000. Weight: 155.51g. Metal: 0.999 Silver gold plated. Diameter: 63.80 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lialoosin Inc., Los Angeles, CA. Obverse: "1998" at the top. National emblem in the center with Numeral "50000" below it. Armenian language at the bottom. Reverse: "Արցախ" wtitten on top left side with "ARTSAKH" written on the top right side. Two Monument faces in the center. Date at the bottom with metal composition "999°" below it. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.
 
2004
 

KM#6 50 luma. Year: 2004. Weight: 0.95g [0.95g]. Metal: Aluminium. Diameter: 19.80 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N/A. Obverse: "50 LUMA" written on the top. Horse running on left side. Date at the bottom. Reverse: "NAGORNO-KARABAKH" at the top. Emblem in the center. "REPUBLIC" at the bottom. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

KM#7 50 luma. Year: 2004. Weight: 0.95g [0.95g]. Metal: Aluminium. Diameter: 19.80 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N/A. Obverse: "50 LUMA" written on the top. Gazelle running on right side. Date at the bottom. Reverse: "NAGORNO-KARABAKH" at the top. Emblem in the center. "REPUBLIC" at the bottom. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

KM#8 1 Dram. Year: 2004. Weight: 1.11g [1.15g]. Metal: Aluminium. Diameter: 21.70 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N/A. Obverse: "1 DRAM" written on top. Pheasant in the center. Date at the bottom. Reverse: "NAGORNO-KARABAKH" at the top. Emblem in the center. "REPUBLIC" at the bottom. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

KM#9 1 Dram. Year: 2004. Weight: 1.13g [1.15g]. Metal: Aluminium. Diameter: 21.70 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N/A. Obverse: "SAINT GREGORY" written on right side clock-wise. "1 DRAM" written on left side clock-wise. Saint protrait in the center. Date at the bottom. Reverse: "NAGORNO-KARABAKH" at the top. Emblem in the center. "REPUBLIC" at the bottom. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

KM#10 1 Dram. Year: 2004. Weight: 1.12g [1.15g]. Metal: Aluminium. Diameter: 21.70 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N/A. Obverse: "1 DRAM" written on top left side clock-wise. Cheetah with its kid in the center. Date at the bottom. Reverse: "NAGORNO-KARABAKH" at the top. Emblem in the center. "REPUBLIC" at the bottom. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

KM#11 5 Drams. Year: 2004. Weight: 4.50g [4.50g]. Metal: Brass. Diameter: 21.80 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N/A. Obverse: Numeral "5" written above the cross on the Church. Church in the center. "DRAM" written on right top side. Date at the bottom. Reverse: "NAGORNO-KARABAKH" at the top. Emblem in the center. "REPUBLIC" at the bottom. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

KM#12 5 Drams. Year: 2004. Weight: 4.55g [4.50g]. Metal: Brass. Diameter: 21.80 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N/A. Obverse: "5 DRAM" written on left side. Two Monument faces in the center. Date at the bottom. Reverse: "NAGORNO-KARABAKH" at the top. Emblem in the center. "REPUBLIC" at the bottom. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

KM#19 1000 Drams. Year: 2004. Weight: 31.37g. Metal: 0.999 silver. Diameter: 38.90 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N/A. Obverse: Date at the top. National emblem in the center with Numeral "1000" below it. Armenian language on the banner at the bottom. Reverse: Leopard in the center. "LEOPARD WILDLIFE PROTECTION" at the bottom. Armenian language at the top, left and right sides. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

KM#20 1000 Drams. Year: 2004. Weight: 31.37g. Metal: 0.999 silver. Diameter: 38.90 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N/A. Obverse: Date at the top. National emblem in the center with Numeral "1000" below it. Armenian language on the banner at the bottom. Reverse: Standing brown bear in the center. "WILDLIFE PROTECTION" at the bottom. Armenian language at the top. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

KM#21 1000 Drams. Year: 2004. Weight: 31.37g. Metal: 0.999 silver. Diameter: 38.90 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N/A. Obverse: Date at the top. National emblem in the center with Numeral "1000" below it. Armenian language on the banner at the bottom. Reverse: Eagle's head facing left in the center. "WILDLIFE PROTECTION" at the bottom. Armenian language at the top. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

KM#22 1000 Drams. Year: 2004. Weight: 31.12g. Metal: 0.999 silver. Diameter: 38.90 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N/A. Obverse: Date at the top. National emblem in the center with Numeral "1000" below it. Armenian language on the banner at the bottom. Reverse: 1918 Genocide Victims Monument in the center. "1918" below this monument and Armenian language at the bottom. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.
 
 
On January 25, 2005 PACE adopted Resolution 1416, which condemns the use of ethnic cleansing against the Azerbaijani population, and supporting the occupation of Azerbaijani territory. On 15–17 May 2007 the 34th session of the Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Organization of Islamic Conference adopted resolution № 7/34-P, considering the occupation of Azerbaijani territory as the aggression of Armenia against Azerbaijan and recognizing the actions against Azerbaijani civilians as a crime against humanity, and condemns the destruction of archaeological, cultural and religious monuments in the occupied territories. At the 11th session of the summit of the Organization of the Islamic Conference held on March 13–14, 2008 in Dakar, resolution № 10/11-P (IS) was adopted. According to the resolution, OIC member states condemned the occupation of Azerbaijani lands by Armenian forces and Armenian aggression against Azerbaijan, alleged ethnic cleansing against the Azeri population, and charged Armenia with the "destruction of cultural monuments in the occupied Azerbaijani territories". On March 14 of the same year the UN General Assembly adopted Resolution № 62/243 which "demands the immediate, complete and unconditional withdrawal of all Armenian forces from all occupied territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan". As of August 2008, the United States, France, and Russia (the co-chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group) are mediating efforts to negotiate a full settlement of the conflict, proposing a "a referendum or a plebiscite, at a time to be determined later," to determine the final status of the area, return for some territories under Karabakh's control, and security guarantees. Ilham Aliyev and Serzh Sarkisian traveled to Moscow for talks with Dmitry Medvedev on 02 November 2008. The talks ended in the three Presidents signing a declaration confirming their commitment to continue talks. On November 22, 2009, several world leaders, among them the heads of state from Azerbaijan and Armenia, met in Munich in the hopes of renewing efforts to reach a peaceful settlement on the status of Nagorno-Karabakh.
 
2013
 

50 luma. Year: 2013. Weight: 1.32g [1.30g]. Metal: Aluminium. Diameter: 19.80 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N/A. Obverse: "50 LUMA" written on the top. Horse running on right side. Date at the bottom. Reverse: "NAGORNO-KARABAKH" at the top. Emblem in the center. "REPUBLIC" at the bottom. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

50 luma. Year: 2013. Weight: 1.34g [1.30g]. Metal: Aluminium. Diameter: 19.80 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N/A. Obverse: "50 LUMA" written on the top. Antelope walking towards left side. Date at the bottom. Reverse: "NAGORNO-KARABAKH" at the top. Emblem in the center. "REPUBLIC" at the bottom. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

1 Dram. Year: 2013. Weight: 1.61g [1.60g]. Metal: Aluminium. Diameter: 21.80 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N/A. Obverse: "1 DRAM" written on top. Leopold walking left in the center. Date at the bottom. Reverse: "NAGORNO-KARABAKH" at the top. Emblem in the center. "REPUBLIC" at the bottom. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

1 Dram. Year: 2013. Weight: 1.60g [1.60g]. Metal: Aluminium. Diameter: 21.80 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N/A. Obverse: "1 DRAM" written on top. Wolf facing right in the center. Date at the bottom. Reverse: "NAGORNO-KARABAKH" at the top. Emblem in the center. "REPUBLIC" at the bottom. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

1 Dram. Year: 2013. Weight: 1.61g [1.60g]. Metal: Aluminium. Diameter: 21.80 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N/A. Obverse: "1 DRAM" written on top. Pheasant facing left in the center. Date at the bottom. Reverse: "NAGORNO-KARABAKH" at the top. Emblem in the center. "REPUBLIC" at the bottom. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

5 Drams. Year: 2013. Weight: 5.59g [5.65g]. Metal: Brass. Diameter: 21.80 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N/A. Obverse: "5 DRAM" written on top right side. Bear moving left in the center. Date at the bottom. Reverse: "NAGORNO-KARABAKH" at the top. Emblem in the center. "REPUBLIC" at the bottom. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.

5 Drams. Year: 2013. Weight: 5.71g [5.65g]. Metal: Brass. Diameter: 21.80 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: N/A. Obverse: "5 DRAM" written on top right side. Capricorn standing facing right in the center. Date at the bottom. Reverse: "NAGORNO-KARABAKH" at the top. Emblem in the center. "REPUBLIC" at the bottom. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: One year type.
 
 
 
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Chiefa Coins