Abu Dhabi
 
 
The largest of the Gulf Emirates lying between Oman to the east, and Qatar in the west. Abu Dhabi entered into a Protectorate status with Great Britain in 1892, and when this ended in 1971, the Emirate joined with most of its neighbors to form the United Arab Emirates; the Emir retains considerable autonomy within his own demesne. The city of Abu Dhabi currently serves as the capital of the Federation.
 
                      1761  Al Abu Falah lineage of Banu Yas clan established in Abu Dhabi.
               08 Jan 1820  Signs the General Maritime Treaty with Britain.
                                           
1835  Signs renewed General Maritime Treaty with Britain.
            06-08 Mar 1892  Trucial States (or Trucial Oman) created.
               02 Dec 1971  Becomes part of United Arab Emirates.
 
  • al-Abu FALAH (title: Hakim)
  • Dhiyab I ibn Isa ibn Al Nahayan........................1761 - 1793
  • The founder of the Al Abu Falah dynasty, which still rules Abu Dhabi today. He built a village and a fort.
  • Hazza ibn Zaid.........................................1793 - 1795
  • The is considered to rule Abu Dhabi by some resources.
  • Shakhbut I ibn Dhiyab I Al Nahayan (1st time)..........1795 - 1816
  • Muhammad ibn Shakhbut I Al Nahayan.....................1816 - 1818
  • Shakhbut I ibn Dhiyab I Al Nahayan (2nd time)..........1818 - after 1833 with...
  • Tahnun I ibn Shakhbut I Al Nahayan.....................1818 - Apr 1833
  • Khalifa I ibn Shakhbut I Al Nahayan................Apr 1833 - 1845 with...
  • Sultan I ibn Shakhbut I Al Nahayan.................Apr 1833 - Jul 1845
  • Isa ibn Khalid (usurper)...........................Jul 1845 - Sep 1845
  • Dhiyab II ibn Isa (usurper)........................Sep 1845 - Dec 1845
  • Said ibn Tahnun I Al Nahayan.......................Dec 1845 - 1855
  • Zayed I ibn Khalifa Al Nahayan.........................1855 - May 1909
  • He made Ruler of Abu Dhabi after the deposition of his cousin, Sheikh Said bin Tahnun, in 1855. He ruled for 54 years, until his death in 1909. In 1868, he killed the Ruler of Sharjah, Sheikh Khalid bin Sultan, in single combat. The death of Khalid brought an end to the conflicts. The result of these fights left Abu Dhabi the most powerful Sheikhdom in the Gulf region. Zayed also led Abu Dhabi in an extended war with Qatar in the 1880s that secured the western border of Abu Dhabi. He united with Omani forces to drive the Saudi troops from the Buraimi area in 1870. The borders of the Emirate were extended three times, to reach near Qatar in the west and to touch the Rub' Al Khali in the south. In 1892, Khalifi signed a treaty with the United Kingdom which effectively ceded control of Abu Dhabi's international commercial relations to the British.
  • British protectorate established, 1892
    • Tahnun II ibn Zayed I Al Nahayan............. May 1909 - Oct 1912
    • Hamdan ibn Zayed I Al Nahayan.................Oct 1912 - 22 Aug 1922
    • Sultan II ibn Zayed I Al Nahayan...........22 Aug 1922 - 04 Aug 1926
    • Saqr ibn Zayed I Al Nahayan................04 Aug 1926 - 01 Jan 1928
    • Shakhbut III ibn Sultan II Al Nahayan......01 Jan 1928 - 06 Aug 1966
    • He succeeded his uncle Sheikh Saqr I bin Zayed Al Nahyan. Shakhbut was the ruler of the emirate of Abu Dhabi until August 6, 1966 when he was deposed in a bloodless coup. His brother Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan became the emir of Abu Dhabi, and eventually rose to become the undisputed leader of the United Arab Emirates.
    • Zayed II ibn Sultan II Al Nahayan..........06 Aug 1966 - 02 Dec 1971
  • Khalifa ibn Zayed II Al Nahayan served as the Prime Minister of Abu Dhabi from Jul to 02 Dec 1971. British Protectorate ended, United Arab Emirates established on 02 Dec 1971 and Zayed II continued as President of this Federation and ruler of Abu Dhabi.
  • Zayed II ibn Sultan II Al Nahayan (continued)...02 Dec 1971 - 02 Nov 2004
  • Khalifa ibn Zayed II Al Nahayan.................02 Nov 2004 - date
  • He became the President of United Arab Emirates on 03 Nov 2004.
 
 
 
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