09 Dec 1819 British forces begin suppressing piracy along the "Pirate
08 Jan 1820 - 15 Mar 1820 General Maritime Treaty between the local sheikhs
1853 Named the Trucial States (also known as TrucialOman)after 1853 Perpetual Maritime Truce.
08 Mar 1892 - 01 Dec 1971 British protectorate of Trucial States or
1939 British resident established in the Trucial
States at Dubai.
18 Jul 1971 Provisional formation of Federation of Arab Emirates (Trucial
States together with Bahrain
02 Dec 1971 Federation of six states as United Arab
Emirates (Abu Dhabi,
Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Sharjah, and Umm al-Qaiwain).
11 Feb 1972 Accession of Ras al-Khaimah.
coinage and rulers of United Arab Emirates, refer to following Emirates.
Click below on earlier coinage of British India used in
various parts of UAE:
Nov 1858 - 22 Jan 1901
Jan 1901 - 06 May 1910
May 1910 - 20 Jan 1936
Dec 1936 - 15 Aug 1947
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
- The city of Abu Dhabi currently
serves as the capital of this Federation. Ajman has three parts, Dubai
has two part, Fujairah has fours parts, Ras Al Khaimah has two parts and
Sharjah has five parts including Nahwa enclave within UAE.
Currency: Before the formation of UAE and independence of other Gulf
states in 1971, Indian Rupee and Gulf Rupee were commonly used in this region.
In the early to mid 20th century, the Indian Rupee was extensively used as
currency in the countries of the Persian Gulf and Arabian Peninsula. To reduce
the strain put on India's foreign reserves by gold smuggling caused by this
external use of the rupee, a separate currency was created. The Gulf rupee was
introduced by the Indian government in 1959 as a replacement for the Indian
Rupee, for circulation exclusively outside the country. At the time, the Indian
Rupee was pegged to the British Pound at a rate of 13⅓ rupees = 1 pound. Two
states, Kuwait and Bahrain, replaced the Gulf Rupee with their own currencies
(the Kuwaiti Dinar and the Bahraini Dinar) after gaining independence from
Britain in 1961 and 1965, respectively. Kuwaiti Dinar was equal to 13⅓ Rupees
or 1 British Pound and Bahrani Dinar became equal to 10 Rupees or 0.75 British
Pound. On 06 June 1966, India devalued the Rupee. To avoid following this
devaluation, several of the states using the Rupee adopted their own currencies.
Qatar and most of the Trucial States adopted the Qatar and Dubai Riyal, whilst
Abu Dhabi adopted the Bahraini Dinar.
Federation of six states as United Arab
Emirates (Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Sharjah, and Umm al-Qaiwain) was
formed on 02nd Dec 1971 as an independent country. Ras al-Khaimah later also
joined this federation on 11 Feb 1972. In 1973 United Arab Emirate Dirham was
introduced which is pegged with US Dollar.
Coins of UAE can be viewed by clicking the links
below, sorted yearly according to respective Presidential rule.
The United Arab Emirate 2006 Yearbook published a map and text rescinding the
1974 boundary with Saudi Arabia, as stipulated in a treaty filed with the UN in
1993, on the grounds that the agreement was not formally ratified; boundary
agreement was signed and ratified with Oman in 2003 for entire border, including
Oman's Musandam Peninsula and Al Madhah enclaves, but contents of the agreement
and maps showing the alignment have not been published; Iran and UAE dispute
Tunb Islands and Abu Musa Island, which Iran occupies; UAE engage direct talks
and Arab League support to resolve Iran's occupation of Greater Tunb Island
(called Tunb al Kubra in Arabic by UAE and Jazireh-ye Tonb-e Bozorg in Persian
by Iran) and Lesser Tunb Island since 30 Nov 1971 (called Tunb as Sughra in
Arabic by UAE and Jazireh-ye Tonb-e Kuchek in Persian by Iran) and attempts to
occupy completely a jointly administered island in the Persian Gulf (called Abu
Musa in Arabic by UAE and Jazireh-ye Abu Musa in Persian by Iran).