Amb was originally known
as Tanawal and was the tribal homeland of the Tanoli people. The
Nawabs of the Tanolis were best known for fighting against the Sikhs
under Ranjit Singh. Prior to this, Tanawal was also a part of Pakhal
Sarkar, which was ruled by Turks for centuries. The last Turk ruler
of Hazara (Pakhal Sarkar) was Sultan Mehmud Khurd and his brother
Sultan Qias-ud-Din Khan was the last Turk Wa'ali (Governor) of
Tanawal. When the Tanolis overthrew the Turks, they also gained
strength and established their rule in upper Tanawal and a portion
of lower Tanawal as well. Thus was the beginning of Amb State around
the end of 18th century. Descendants of Sultan Qias-ud-Din, however,
managed to retain certain lands in lower Tanawel and assumed the
title of Raja after establishing a Jagir. They still live in village
Behali in Mansehra District. The Nawabs later established Amb as a
princely state, ranking as a non-salute state under the British Raj
(area: 699 km 2). In 1947 the
Nawab of Amb, Mohammad Farid Khan, acceded to Pakistan. In 1969, the
state was incorporated into the North-West Frontier Province and in
1971 the royal status of the Nawab was abolished by the Government
of Pakistan. The construction of the Tarbela Dam across the Indus
River in the early 1970s resulted in much of Amb state being
submerged by the reservoir.
Area: 585 kmē. Capital:
Darband and Shergarh as summer residence. Languages: Hindko and
.... Tanawal State, commonly known as
Amb, founded. 1948 Under Pakistani suzerainty. 28 Jul 1969 Incorporated into Pakistan. 1973 Royalty extinguished.
opposed the Sikhs, but lost all his territory to them, except
for the tract around Amb (leaving only his twin capitals Amb and
Darband). He is famed for his staunch rebellion against Maharaja
Ranjit Singh's Governors of Hazara. Madad Khan, received from
his brother, Phulera of 88 sq. kms., in 1828, a small
principality to rule, which was later duly recognized as a
Princely State in gazette notifications in 1919 and 1921. Ata
Muhammed Khan, Khan of Phulera, his descendants live in Mansehra
quite destitute due to extensive litigation, and there appears
to be no recognized head of this branch of the family.
of the lost territories with the help of the British Government
and the Maharaja of Kashmir.
Khan S/o Jahandad Khan...................1858
style Nawab Bahadur, title was probably given by British Raj. He
received a cash allowance of 500Rs per month and also enjoys a
jagir of the annual value of 9,000Rs in the Haripur tahsil
of Hazara District. During his tenure that the fort at Shergarh
was constructed, along with Dogah and Shahkot Forts. His rule
was a peaceful time for Tanawal with no major conflicts.
Khan S/o Mohammad Akram Khan...............1907 - 26 Feb 1936
He helped the British in carrying out
the Black Mountain (Kala Dhaka/Tur Ghar) expeditions.
Khan S/o Khan-i-Zaman Khan...............1936
- 28 Jul 1969
He remained Nawab
of Amb and died in 1971. Saeed Khan became Nawab of Amb from 1971 till his
death in 1973, followed by Saeed Khan's elder son Salahuddin Khan from 1973 to date.