04 Jun 1858 John Bright in British parliament suggested "India should be divided into
1867 Sir Syed Ahmad Khan said: "It was now impossible for Hindus and Muslims to
progress as a single nation".
1879 The scheme for the Partition of India was proposed by a renowned Muslim
Scholar Jamaluddin Afghani for a broader Muslim state.
1833 Sir John Seeky - author of "The Expansion of England" had said, “India
does not mark the territory of a nation or a language, but the territory
of many nations and many languages".
1885 British writer Wilfred Scawen Blunt wrote in his book “Ideas about India”
that practically India is to be divided as such that all Northern
provinces under the Muslim Government while the South provinces under a
1887 Theodore Beck educated at Cambridge and Principal of M. A. O. College at
Aligarh observed that "Muslims are a separate nation, rule of majority is
impossible; Muslims will never agree to be ruled by the Hindu majority".
1899 British intellectual and the principal of MAO College Aligarh, Theodore
Morison proposed that the only solution to the Indian political
uncertainty was to centralize the Indian Muslims in one province or tract
of the country, for instance, the north of India from Peshawar to Agra.
29&31 Dec 1916 Lucknow Pact - Sarojini Naidu gave Jinnah, the chief architect of the
Lucknow Pact, and titled her book "the Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity".
1920 The Khilafat Movement started. Mahatma Gandhi leads the Congress.
Non-co-operational Movement lasted till 10 Mar 1922.
1928 Simon Commission comes to India; Bombay on 03 Feb and Lahore on 30 Oct.
Boycott by all parties. All Parties Conference.
Aug 1928 Nehru Report - memorandum outlining a proposed
new Dominion constitution
for India chaired by Motilal Nehru with his son Jawaharlal acting as
Dec 1928 Resolution at the Calcutta by Ghandi demanding
British government to grant
India dominion status within one year or face a new campaign of
non-cooperation with complete independence.
28 Mar 1929 "The Fourteen Points of Jinnah" against "Nehru Report".
1929 Lord Irwin promises
Dominion Status for India.
12 Nov 1930 First Round Table Conference; ends on 19 Jan 1931.
29 Dec 1930 Sir Muhammad Iqbal was the first important public figure to propound the
idea of partition from the platform of the Muslim League. He articulated
his vision of a separate homeland for Muslims in the 25th session of All
India Muslim League presidential address at Allahabad.
07 Sep 1931 Second Round Table Conference; ends in Dec 1931.
17 Nov 1932 Third Round Table Conference starts; ends on 25 Dec 1932.
28 Jan 1933 Chaudhary Rehmat Ali, a student of Cambridge University, issued a
declaration entitled "Now or Never: Are we to live or perish forever?"
and demanded a Muslim homeland. He used the term of Pakistan for the first
Feb 1937 Final results of the Provincial elections were declared.
Elections were held in eleven provinces - Madras, Central Provinces, Bihar,
Orissa, United Provinces, Bombay Presidency, Assam, NWFP, Bengal, Punjab
and Sindh. The Indian National Congress emerged in power in all the
provinces except for three - Bengal, Punjab and Sindh.
Muslim League failed to form the government in any province.
28 May 1937 Allama Iqbal wrote to the Jinnah that to solve the Muslim problems it was
necessary to redistribute the country and to provide one or more Muslim
states with absolute majorities.
03 Sep 1939 Viceroy Linlithgow declared India at war with Germany without prior
consultation with Indians. Jinnah agree to support the War.
23 Mar 1940 The Lahore Resolution at Iqbal Park, Lahore was passed. Muslim League's
three-day general session on March 22–24, 1940 called for the creation of
'independent states' for Muslims in British India. The resolution was
presented by Abul Kasem Fazlul Huq.
Mar 1942 Cripps Mission promise to give dominion status after the war.
Congress and the Muslim League rejected the proposals by the mission.
Sep 1944 Gandhi-Jinnah Talks break down on Pakistan issue.
25 Jun 1945 Simla Conference - Wavell Plan for Indian self-government; ended 14 Jul.
The conference failed as neither Congress nor the League was prepared to
deviate from their respective positions on Muslim representation.
Dec 1945 Elections of Constituent Assembly of India, the League won every seat
reserved for Muslims.
Jan 1946 Provincial elections, the League took 75% of the Muslim vote, an increase
from 4.4% in 1937.
16 May 1946 Cabinet Mission fails as Congress does not agree to gave Muslim majority
provinces autonomous status.
16 Jun 1946 Cabinet Mission fails on India to be divided into Hindu-majority India
and a Muslim-majority Pakistan.
16 Aug 1946 Jinnah calls for Direct Action Day - Great Calcutta Killings.
25 Aug 1946 India granted limited self rule.
02 Sep 1946 Interim Government formed. Constitutional Assembly's first meeting.
20 Feb 1947 Attlee announced Mountbatten's appointment, and that Britain would
transfer power in India not later than June 1948.
02 Jun 1947 Mountbatten final plan was given to Indian leaders that Bengal and Punjab
Provinces would vote to determine the final lines in the partitioned
provinces. Plebiscites would take place in the North-West Frontier
Province (which did not have a League government despite an
overwhelmingly Muslim population), and in the majority-Muslim Sylhet
district of Assam, adjacent to eastern Bengal.
03 Jun 1947 Announcement of Lord Mountbatten's plan for partition of India.
Nehru, Jinnah and Sikh leader Baldev Singh made the formal announcement
by radio as well.
04 Jul 1947 Liaquat asked Mountbatten on Jinnah's behalf to recommend to the British
king, George VI, that Jinnah be appointed Pakistan's first governor-
18 Jul 1947 Indian Independence Act 1947 of the British Parliament enacted.
07 Aug 1947 Jinnah, with his sister and close staff, flew from Delhi to Karachi in
09 Aug 1947 Sir Cyril Radcliffe's Award on Boundary Commission announced.
11 Aug 1947 Jinnah presided over the new constituent assembly for Pakistan at Karachi.
14 Aug 1947 Independence (Dominion of Pakistan); previously part of British India.
17 Aug 1947 The Radcliffe Line was published.
07 Oct 1947 Bahawalpur state accedes to Pakistan (extinguished: 14 Oct 1955)
21 Oct 1947 India-Pakistan War of 1947-48 starts; ends 31 Dec 1948.
16 Nov 1947 Pakistan take possession of Gilgit-Baltistan.
17 Mar 1948 Kharan, Las Bela and Makran states accedes to Pakistan
(extinguished: 14 Oct 1955).
27 Mar 1948 Pakistan formally annexed Kalat State.
27 Jul 1949 Karachi Agreement with India on Cease-Fire Line in the State of Jammu
and Kashmir, monitored by United Nations observers.
23 Mar 1956 Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
08 Sep 1958 Pakistan purchased Gwadar from Oman. Assumed control on
08th December 1958.
19 Sep 1960 "Indus Waters Treaty" is signed with India at Karachi.
03 Mar 1963 "Trans-Karakoram Tract" - border agreement with China.
20 Mar 1965 India-Pakistan War of 1965 starts; ends 23 Sep 1965.
28 Jul 1969 Amb, Chitral, Dir and Swat states incorporated into Pakistan.
26 Mar 1971 East Pakistan secedes as the People's Republic of Bangladesh.
03 Dec 1971 India-Pakistan War of 1971 starts; ends 16 Dec 1971.
16 Dec 1971 De facto independence of
Bangladesh (capitulation of Pakistan).
02 Jul 1972 "Line of Control" signed with India at Simla.
India keeps Turtuk village of Gilgit-Baltistan and surrounding area.
25 Sep 1974 Hunza and Nagar states incorporated into Pakistan.
13 Apr 1984 Operation Meghdoot: Siachen Conflict with India.
Pakistan lose 2,600 km2
of Siachen claimed territory.
26 Jun 1987 Operation Rajiv:
India captures Quaid Post / Bana Top in Siachen.
26 May 1999 Kargil conflict with India; ends 11 Jul 1999.
He was the 1st Finance Minister of Pakistan from
15 August 1947 to 19 October 1951. His signature in English appears on
5, 10 and 100 Rupees, issued on 01st Oct 1948 by State Bank of Pakistan. His
signature in Urdu also appears on the rarest banknote of Pakistan, the 100
Rupees, issued in May 1950 [for Pilgrims from Pakistan for use in Iraq and
8th Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army from
01 Mar 1976 to 17 Aug 1988 belonging to Armoured Corps.
The regime's power structure was drastically altered
after a C-130 Hercules airplane with General Zia-ul-Haq and several other
senior-most generals onboard fatally exploded in mid-air after it took off
from the city of Bahawalpur. General Mirza Aslam Beg became the new Chief of
Army Staff and former Finance Minister Ghulam Ishaq Khan became the new President
of Pakistan. General Zia's death ended the eleven-year military
Son of Rais Hakim Ali Khan
Zardari and widower of Benazir Bhutto. On 19th April 2010, Asif Ali Zardari
signed into law a constitutional amendment that strips him of some of his
sweeping powers, returning the country to a full parliamentary democracy.
Mamnoon Hussain backed by the
Pakistan Muslim League (N) securing 432 votes, while Wajihuddin Ahmed backed by Pakistan
Tehreek-e-Insaf took 77 votes. It is the first
time in the country that a president elect has been chosen in the presence
of a sitting president. Mamnoon Hussain also served as Governor of
Sindh for a short time from 17 Jun 1999 to 21 Oct 1999.
Nawabzada Liaquat Ali
Khan.......................19 Jul 1947 - 16 Oct 1951
Khwaja Nazimuddin................................17 Oct 1951
- 17 Apr 1953
Mohammad Ali Bogra...............................17
Apr 1953 - 11 Aug 1955
Ali............................11 Aug 1955 - 12 Sep 1956
Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy........................12
Sep 1956 - 17 Oct 1957
Ismail Ibrahim Chundrigar........................17
Oct 1957 - 16 Dec 1957
Malik Sir Firoz Khan Nun.........................16
Dec 1957 - 07 Oct 1958
Mohammad Ayub Khan Tareen (Military).............07
Oct 1958 - 28 Oct 1958
Chief martial law administrator to 24 Oct 1958.
Martial Law......................................28 Oct 1958 - 07 Dec 1971
Dec 1971 - 20 Dec 1971
He became the only Vice President of Pakistan from
22 Dec 1971 to 21 Apr 1972 (First session of new National Assembly on 14
April 1972 convened to lift the martial law on April 21).
Law......................................20 Dec 1971 - 14 Aug 1973
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto S/o Sir Shah
Nawaz Bhutto....14 Aug 1973 - 05 Jul 1977
Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq (Military
- 1st time)........05 Jul 1977 - 24
Chief martial law
Junejo.............................24 Mar 1985 - 29 May 1988
Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq (Military
- 2nd time)........09 Jun 1988 - 17
Benazir Bhutto (female,
1st time)................02 Dec 1988 -
06 Aug 1990
Ghulam Mustafa Khan Jatoi (Caretaker)............06
Aug 1990 - 06 Nov 1990
Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif (1st
time)............06 Nov 1990 - 18 Apr 1993
Mir Balakh Sher Mazari (Caretaker)...............18
Apr 1993 - 26 May 1993
Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif (2nd
time)............26 May 1993 - 18 Jul 1993
Moeenuddin Ahmad Qureshi (Caretaker).............18
Jul 1993 - 19 Oct 1993
Benazir Bhutto (female,
2nd time)................19 Oct 1993 -
05 Nov 1996
Malik Miraj Khalid (Caretaker)...................05
Nov 1993 - 17 Feb 1997
Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif (3rd
time)............17 Feb 1997 - 12 Oct 1999
Pervez Musharraf (Military
- chief executive)....12 Oct 1999 -
23 Nov 2002
de facto to 14 Oct
1999; from 14 Oct 1999 chief executive.
Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali an-Naqshbandi.........23
Nov 2002 - 30 Jun 2004
Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain.........................30
Jun 2004 - 28 Aug 2004
Aug 2004 - 16 Nov 2007
Finance Ministers of Pakistan from 06 Nov 1999 to
15 Nov 2007.
Mohammed Mian Soomro (Caretaker).................16
Nov 2007 - 25 Mar 2008
Makhdoom Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani.................25
Mar 2008 - 19 Jun 2012
Finally on 19 June 2012, the Supreme Court
disqualified and ousted Gillani from holding the prime minister office, and
constitutionally, Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry clarified that: "Gillani
had ceased to be the prime minister and is disqualified from membership of
parliament on 26 April 2012, the date of his conviction and all orders given
by him till date would stand null and void".
Raja Pervaiz Ashraf..............................25
Jun 2012 - 24 Mar 2013
During the election for the Prime Minister in the
National Assembly, Ashraf secured 211 votes, whereas PML-N candidate Mehtab
Abbasi received 89. 10 MNAs did not cast their votes.
Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi (Deputy
PM)..........25 Jun 2012 - 24 Mar 2013
The main purpose of the post was to give a backup
to the government in the absence of the Prime minister.
Mir Hazar Khan Khoso (Caretaker).25 Mar 2013 -
05 Jun 2013
Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif
(4th time)............05 Jun 2013 - date
Parliament elects Nawaz Sharif as prime minister;
he secures 244 votes, against 42 for Makhdoom Amin Fahim and 31 for Makhdoom