Cameroon
 

 
Cameroon (French: Cameroun), officially the Republic of Cameroon (French: République du Cameroun), is a country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Nigeria to the west and north; Chad to the northeast; the Central African Republic to the east; and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and the Republic of the Congo to the south. Cameroon's coastline lies on the Bight of Biafra, part of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. Although Cameroon is not an ECOWAS member state, it geographically and historically is in West Africa with the Southern Cameroons which now form her Northwest and Southwest Regions having a strong West African history. The country is sometimes identified as West African and other times as Central African due to its strategic position at the crossroads between West and Central Africa.
French and English are the official languages of Cameroon. The country is often referred to as "Africa in miniature" for its geological and cultural diversity. Natural features include beaches, deserts, mountains, rainforests, and savannas. The highest point at almost 4,100 metres (13,500 ft) is Mount Cameroon in the Southwest Region of the country, and the largest cities in population-terms are Douala on the Wouri river, its economic capital and main seaport, Yaoundé, its political capital, and Garoua. The country is well known for its native styles of music, particularly makossa and bikutsi, and for its successful national football team.
Early inhabitants of the territory included the Sao civilisation around Lake Chad and the Baka hunter-gatherers in the southeastern rainforest. Portuguese explorers reached the coast in the 15th century and named the area Rio dos Camarões (Shrimp River), which became Cameroon in English. Fulani soldiers founded the Adamawa Emirate in the north in the 19th century, and various ethnic groups of the west and northwest established powerful chiefdoms and fondoms. Cameroon became a German colony in 1884 known as Kamerun.

After World War I, the territory was divided between France and the United Kingdom as League of Nations mandates. The Union des Populations du Cameroun (UPC) political party advocated independence, but was outlawed by France in the 1950s, leading to the Bamileke War fought between French and UPC militant forces until early 1971. In 1960, the French-administered part of Cameroon became independent as the Republic of Cameroun under President Ahmadou Ahidjo. The southern part of British Cameroons federated with it in 1961 to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. The federation was abandoned in 1972. The country was renamed the United Republic of Cameroon in 1972 and the Republic of Cameroon in 1984. Large numbers of Cameroonians live as subsistence farmers. Since 1982 Paul Biya has been President, governing with his Cameroon People's Democratic Movement party. The country has experienced tensions coming from the English-speaking territories. Politicians in the English-speaking regions have advocated for greater decentralisation and even complete separation or independence (as in the Southern Cameroons National Council) from Cameroon. In 2017, tensions in the English-speaking territories escalated into open warfare.
Motto: "Paix – Travail – Patrie" (French); "Peace – Work – Fatherland" (English).
 
               14 Jul 1884  German protectorate (from 01 Jan 1901 named Cameroon).
               20 Feb 1916  French and British occupation.
               28 Jun 1919  Division into French and British Cameroons, the latter
                             administered from Nigeria until 01 Oct 1960.
               20 Jul 1922  League of Nations mandates.
               13 Dec 1946  United Nations trust territories.
               10 May 1957  National Anthem adopted.
               01 Jan 1960  French Cameroons independent as Republic of Cameroon.
               01 Oct 1961  Federal Republic of Cameroon after unification with southern
                             part of British Cameroons (northern part united with Nigeria
                             01 Jun 1961).
               02 Jun 1972  United Republic of Cameroon. Constitution.
               04 Feb 1984  Republic of Cameroon.
 

 
Territorial Disputes: Joint Border Commission with Nigeria reviewed 2002 ICJ ruling on the entire boundary and bilaterally resolved differences, including June 2006 Greentree Agreement that immediately ceded sovereignty of the Bakassi Peninsula to Cameroon with a full phase-out of Nigerian control and repatriation of residents on 14 Aug 2008. Cameroon and Nigeria agreed on maritime delimitation in March 2008. Sovereignty dispute between Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon over an island at the mouth of the Ntem River; only Nigeria and Cameroon have heeded the Lake Chad Commission's admonition to ratify the delimitation treaty, which also includes the Chad-Niger and Niger-Nigeria boundaries.
 
 
German Kamerun
Capital: Douala (Buea 1901-1914; Kamerunstadt 1885-1901).
  • Kommissare (Commissioners)
  • Gustav Nachtigal...................................14 Jul 1884 - 19 Jul 1884 d. 1885
  • Maximilian Buchner (acting)........................19 Jul 1884 - 01 Apr 1885 d. 1921
  • Eduard von Knorr (acting)..........................01 Apr 1885 - 04 Jul 1885 d. 1920
  • Governors
  • Julius Freiherr von Soden..........................04 Jul 1885 - 14 Feb 1891 d. 1921
    • Acting for Soden
    • Jesco von Puttkamer (1st time)................13 May 1887 - 04 Oct 1887 d. 1917
    • Eugen von Zimmerer (1st time).................04 Oct 1887 - 17 Jan 1888 d. 1918
    • Eugen von Zimmerer (2nd time).................26 Dec 1889 - 17 Apr 1890
    • Markus Graf von Pfeil und Klein-Ellguth.......17 Apr 1890 - 03 Aug 1890 d. 1920
    • Kurz..........................................03 Aug 1890 - 14 Aug 1890
    • Jesco von Puttkamer (2nd time)................14 Aug 1890 - 02 Dec 1890
    • Karl Theodor Heinrich Leist (1st time)........02 Dec 1890 - 14 Feb 1891 d. 1895
  • Karl Theodor Heinrich Leist (continued)............14 Feb 1891 - 15 Apr 1891
  • Eugen von Zimmerer (3rd time)......................15 Apr 1891 - 13 Aug 1895
    • Acting for Zimmerer
    • Bruno von Schuckmann..........................07 Aug 1891 - 05 Jan 1892 d. 1919
    • Karl Theodor Heinrich Leist (2nd time)........27 Jun 1893 - 24 Feb 1894
    • Jesco von Puttkamer (3rd time)................31 Dec 1894 - 27 Mar 1895
    • von Lucke.....................................28 Mar 1895 - 04 May 1895 d. 1895
  • Jesco von Puttkamer (3rd time).....................13 Aug 1895 - 09 May 1907
    • Acting for Puttkamer
    • Theodor Seitz (1st time)......................27 Oct 1895 - 10 Sep 1897 d. 1949
    • Theodor Seitz (2nd time)......................12 Jan 1898 - 13 Oct 1898
    • August Köhler.................................17 Jan 1900 - 31 Jul 1900 d. 1902
    • Emil Diehl....................................01 Aug 1900 - 06 Sep 1900 d. 1903
    • Oltwig Wilhelm Adolf von Kamptz...............06 Sep 1900 - 15 Nov 1900 d. 1921
    • Albert Plehn..................................03 Feb 1902 - 03 Oct 1902 d. 1935
    • Karl Ebermaier (1st time).....................09 May 1904 - 08 Nov 1904 d. 1943
    • Otto Gleim (1st time).........................09 Nov 1904 - 31 Jan 1905 d. 1929
    • Franz Ludwig Wilhelm Müller......................Jan 1906 - Nov 1906 d. 1921
    • Otto Gleim (2nd time)............................Nov 1906 - 09 May 1907
  • Theodor Seitz (3rd time)...........................09 May 1907 - 27 Aug 1910
    • Acting for Seitz
    • Wilhelm Peter Hansen (1st time)...............10 Feb 1909 - Oct 1909 d. 1946
  • Otto Gleim (3rd time)..............................28 Aug 1910 - 29 Jan 1912
    • Acting for Gleim
    • Theodor Steinhausen..............................Aug 1910 - Sep 1910 d. 19..
    • Wilhelm Peter Hansen (2nd time)..................Sep 1910 - 25 Oct 1910
    • Wilhelm Peter Hansen (3rd time)..................Oct 1911 - 29 Jan 1912
  • Karl Ebermaier (2nd time)..........................29 Jan 1912 - 04 Mar 1916
    • Acting for Ebermaier
    • August Full...................................09 Oct 1913 - 1914 d. 1934
 
 
Ambas Bay
(Capital: Victoria).
 
              10 Aug 1858  Victoria settlement for freed slaves founded by the
                            British Baptist Missionary Society at Ambas Bay.
              19 Jul 1884  British declare Ambas Bay  Protectorate (subordinated
                            to the Oil Rivers Protectorate under Nigeria).
                     1886  Baptist Missionary Society agrees to turn over its posts
                            to the Basel Evangelical Missionary Society.
              28 Mar 1887  Ambas Bay ceded to Germany by U.K., part of German Kamerun.
              14 Jul 1884  German protectorate (from 01 Jan 1901 named Cameroon).
 
  • Administrators
  • Alfred Saker..............................................1858 - 1876 d. 1880
  • George Grenfell...........................................1876 - 1878 d. 1906
  • Quintin W. Thomson........................................1878 - 1879
  • unknown ruler: 1879-1883.
  • W.K. Collings....................................................c. 1883
  • Thomas Lewis..............................................1883 - 19 Jul 1884
  • British Consul
  • Edward Hyde Hewett.................................19 Jul 1884 - 28 Mar 1887 d. 1891
  • He was British Consul at Oil Rivers Protectorate.
 
 
British Cameroons
(Capital: Buea)
 
 26 Sep 1914  French and British occupation of German Kamerun.
 28 Jun 1919  Formal division into French and British Cameroons.
 20 Jul 1920  British Cameroons a League of Nations mandate.
        1930  Cameroons under British Mandate
 13 Dec 1946  Cameroons a British United Nations trust territory.
        1949  Southern Cameroons divided into two provinces: Northern (capital
               Bamenda) and Southern (capital Buea).
 01 Oct 1954  An autonomous part of Nigeria.
 01 Oct 1961  Southern British Cameroons incorporated into Republic of
               Cameroon, northern part unites with Nigeria in 01 Jun 1961.
 
  • Military Administrators
  • The Administrators of French Cameroun: 26 Aug 1914 - 28 Jun 1919
  • British Residents
  • Kenneth V. Elphinstone...........................................1916 d. 1963
  • E.C. Duff.................................................1916 - 1917
  • P.V. Young................................................1917 - 1919
  • W.G. Ambrose.....................................................1919
  • John C. Maxwell..................................................1919 d. 1946
  • John Humphrey Davidson....................................1919 - 1921? d. 1954
  • Senior resident
  • Fitz Herbert Ruxton.......................................1921 - 1925 d. 1954
  • District officer
  • William Edgar Hunt (acting)......................................1925 d. 1969
  • Senior resident
  • Edward John Arnett (1st time).............................1925 - 1928 d. 1940
  • British Residents
  • H.J. Aveling (acting).....................................1928 - 1929
  • Edward John Arnett (2nd time).............................1929 - 1932
  • District officer
  • Frederick Bernard Carr.....................................1932 - 1933 d. 1981
  • Senior resident
  • George Hugo Findlay...............................................1933 d. 1966
  • British Resident
  • John Wynne Corrie Rutherfoord.............................1933 - 1935 d. 1954
  • Senior resident
  • D.W. Firth................................................1935 - 1938
  • British Resident
  • L. Sealy-King (acting - 1st time).........................1938 - 1939
  • Senior resident
  • Arthur Evelyn Francis Murray..............................1939 - 1942 d. 1971
  • British Residents
  • L. Sealy-King (2nd time)..................................1942 - 1943
  • James Macrae Simpson......................................1943 - 194.
  • Percy Graham Harris.......................................194. - 25 Feb 1945
  • Senior district officer
  • Alfred Leeming.....................................20 Mar 1945 - 10 Oct 1945
  • British Residents
  • R.J. Hook (acting)...............................................1945
  • Frank B. Bridges..........................................1945 - 1946 d. 1994
  • Senior district officer
  • Neil Mackenzie.....................................14 Feb 1946 - 04 Aug 1949
  • Senior resident
  • D.A.F. Shute.......................................25 Aug 1949 - 31 Dec 1949
  • Special Resident
  • Edward John Gibbons.......................................1949 - 01 Oct 1954 d. 1990
  • Commissioners
  • Edward John Gibbons (continued)....................01 Oct 1954 - 1956
  • John Osbaldiston Field....................................1956 - 01 Oct 1961 d. 1985
  • Leader of Government Business
  • Emmanuel Mbela Lifate Endeley......................01 Oct 1954 - 01 Feb 1959 d. 1988
  • Premier
  • John Ngu Foncha....................................01 Feb 1959 - 01 Oct 1961 d. 1999
  • Administrator of Northern Cameroons
  • Sir Percy Wyn-Harris...............................01 Oct 1960 - 01 Jun 1961 d. 1979
 
 
French Cameroons
Capital: Yaoundé (Douala 1916-1922, 1940-1946).
 
 25 May 1921  Occupied Territories of Former Cameroon renamed Cameroon Territories.
 
  • French Military Commander
  • Joseph Gauderique Aymerich.........................26 Sep 1914 - 07 Apr 1916 d. 1937
  • Administrators
  • Joseph Gauderique Aymerich (continued).............07 Apr 1916 - 08 Oct 1916
  • Lucien Louis Fourneau..............................08 Oct 1916 - 06 Mar 1919 d. 1930
  • Commissioners
  • Jules Gaston Henri Carde...........................06 Mar 1919 - Mar 1923 d. 1949
  • He was acting to 07 Dec 1919.
    • Acting for Carde
    • Auguste François Bonnecarrère....................Sep 1920 - Jun 1921 d. 1966
  • Albéric Auguste Fournier (acting).....................Mar 1923 - 29 Apr 1923
  • Théodore Paul Marchand.............................29 Apr 1923 - 31 Aug 1932
    • Acting for Marchand
    • Ernest Augustin Bleu (1st time)...............27 Dec 1924 - 11 May 1925 d. 1937
    • Ernest Augustin Bleu (2nd time)...............02 Mar 1926 - 31 Oct 1926
    • Ernest Augustin Bleu (3rd time)...............26 Apr 1929 - 26 Oct 1929
    • Ernest Augustin Bleu (4th time)...............19 Jun 1931 - 06 Feb 1932
  • Paul Auguste François Bonnecarrère.................31 Aug 1932 - 07 Jul 1934
  • He was acting to 22 Sep 1932.
  • Jules Vincent Repiquet.............................07 Jul 1934 - 1936 d. 1960
  • Gaston Camille Guibet (acting)............................1936 - Jan 1937 d. 1973
  • Pierre François Boisson...............................Jan 1937 - 16 Nov 1938 d. 1948
    • Acting for Boisson
    • Pierre Émile Aubert...........................07 Oct 1937 - 09 Mar 1938 d. 1972
  • Richard Edmond Maurice Édouard Brunot..............16 Nov 1938 - 27 Aug 1940 d. 1958
  • Governors
  • Jacques Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque...........27 Aug 1940 - 20 Nov 1940 d. 1947
  • Pierre Charles Albert Cournarie....................20 Nov 1940 - 20 Jul 1943 d. 1968
  • Hubert Eugène Paul Carras..........................20 Jul 1943 - 15 Nov 1944 d. 1947
  • Henri Pierre Nicolas...............................15 Nov 1944 - 16 Jan 1946 d. 1986
  • Adrien Émile Amédée Léger (acting).................16 Jan 1946 - 16 Mar 1946 d. 1948
  • High Commissioners
  • Robert Delavignette................................16 Mar 1946 - 25 Mar 1947 d. 1976
  • Robert Casimir (acting - 1st time).................25 Mar 1947 - Apr 1947
  • René Hoffherr.........................................Apr 1947 - 07 Jul 1949 d. 1982
  • Robert Casimir (acting - 2nd time).................07 Jul 1949 - 10 Jan 1950
  • Jean Louis Marie André Soucadoux...................10 Jan 1950 - 02 Dec 1954 d. 2001
  • Roland Joanes Louis Pré............................02 Dec 1954 - 17 Apr 1956 d. 1980
  • Pierre Messmer.....................................17 Apr 1956 - 29 Jan 1958 d. 2007
  • Jean Paul Ramadier.................................29 Jan 1958 - 19 Feb 1958 d. 1968
  • Xavier Antoine Torre...............................19 Feb 1958 - 01 Jan 1960 d. 2003
    • Prime ministers
    • André-Marie Mbida.............................16 May 1957 - 18 Feb 1958 d. 1980
    • Ahmadou Babatoura Ahidjo......................18 Feb 1958 - 01 Jan 1960 d. 1989
 
Currency: The Central African CFA franc (French: franc CFA or simply franc, ISO 4217 code: XAF) is the currency of six independent states in Central Africa: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon. The Bank of Central African States (French: Banque des États de l'Afrique Centrale, BEAC) is a central bank, located at  Cameroon's capital: Yaoundé, that serves these six central African countries which form the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa. These six countries have also issued normal circulation coins on their name in various years as well.
CFA Franc pegging:
  • 26 December 1945: CFA Franc = 1.70 French Francs.
  • 17 December 1948: CFA Franc = 2 French Francs.
  • 01 January 1959: 50 CFA Francs = (New) French Franc.
  • 12 January 1994: 100 CFA Francs = French Franc.
  • 01 January 1999: 655.957 CFA Franc = Euro.
French Chief engravers (Graveurs généraux): The functions of the Graveur général of the Mint of France was instituted by Henry III involves the production and the delivery of all the dies used in the mints of the French state.
  • Lucien Bazor, 1931-1958, wing (aile).
  • Raymond Joly, 1958-1974, owl (chouette).
  • Emile Rousseau, 1974-1994, dolphin (dauphin).
  • Pierre Rodier, 1994 - 2000, bee (abeille).
  • Gérard Burqoy, 2001 - 2002, horseshoe (fer à cheval).
  • Serge Levet, 2003, Heart with L.S. (coeur avec L.S.).
  • Hubert Larivière, 2004-2011, Horn with waves and fish (cor avec vagues).
  • Yves Sampo, 2011-date: pentagon.
 
 
French Mandate Territory (1924-1926)  
League of Nations mandates under French control (20 Jul 1922 - 13 Dec 1946)
1924
 

KM#2 Franc. Year: 1925. Weight: 4.94g [5.10g]. Metal: Aluminum-Bronze. Diameter: 23.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Monnaie de Paris (mintmark: torch).
Obverse:  Laureate head facing left in the center. "RÉPUBLIQUE" (Republic) written at the left side clockwise. "FRANÇAISE" (French) written at the right side clockwise. Engraver name "A. PATEY" written below the chin of the Laureate head. Date at the bottom with mintmarks on both sides. Reverse: "1 FR." written at the top section in the center. Spray of three branches below denomination. "TERRITOIRES SOUS MANDAT DE LA FRANCE" (Territories under Mandate of France) written in circular form near edge clockwise. "CAMEROUN" (Cameroon) written at the bottom. Mintage: 3,000,000. Minted Years: 1924, 1925 and 1926. Engraver: Henri Auguste Jules Patey (09 September 1855, Paris – June 1930, Paris). He was a French sculptor, medalist and coin engraver. He succeeded Jean Lagrange as chief engraver of the Paris mint in 1896, a position he held until his death.

Note: ESSAI (pattern) type exists as KM#E2 dated 1924 with mintage: N/A.

 
1925
 

KM#1 50 centimes. Year: 1925. Weight: 2.53g [2.53g]. Metal: Aluminum-Bronze. Diameter: 17.50 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Monnaie de Paris (mintmark: torch).
Obverse:  Laureate head facing left in the center. "RÉPUBLIQUE" (Republic) written at the left side clockwise. "FRANÇAISE" (French) written at the right side clockwise. Engraver name "A. PATEY" written below the chin of the Laureate head. Date at the bottom with mintmarks on both sides. Reverse: "50 Cmes" written at the top section in the center. Spray of three branches below denomination. "TERRITOIRES SOUS MANDAT DE LA FRANCE" (Territories under Mandate of France) written in circular form near edge clockwise. "CAMEROUN" (Cameroon) written at the bottom. Mintage: 2,500,000. Minted Years: 1924 (mintage: 4,000,000), 1925 (mintage: 2,500,000) and 1926 (mintage: 7,800,000). Engraver: Henri Auguste Jules Patey.

Note: ESSAI (pattern) type exists as KM#E1 dated 1924 with mintage: N/A.

Same as above KM#2 Franc, but...

Year: 1925. Weight: 5.00 [5.10g]. Mint: Monnaie de Paris (mintmark: torch). Mintage: 1,722,000. 

 
1926
 

Same as above KM#2 Franc, but...

Year: 1926. Weight: 4.96 [5.10g]. Mint: Monnaie de Paris (mintmark: torch). Mintage: 11,928,078.

 
French Cameroon (1943-1958)
1943
 

KM#4 50 centimes. Year: 1943. Weight: 2.81g [2.75g]. Metal: Bronze. Diameter: 20.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Pretoria, South Africa.
Obverse: Motto of France "LIBERTE.EGALITE.FRATERNITE." (Freedom Equality Fraternity) in two lines banner at the top. Croix de Lorraine (The Patriarchal cross / Archiepiscopal cross) in the center divides the Value "50 CMES". "S A" mint mark written at the top of the cross and "C L S" engraver's initials at the bottom of the cross. "HONNEUR" (Honor) written clockwise on the left side and "PATRIE" (Fatherland) written clockwise at the right side. Date at the bottom with sun design on its both sides. Reverse: Rooster facing left in the center with small shield above it. "CAMEROUN FRANÇAIS" (French Cameroon) written at the bottom. Mintage: 4,000,000. Minted Years: One year type. Engraver: Coert Laurens Steynberg.

Note: KM#6 50 centimes has "CAMEROUN FRANÇAIS LIBRE" written instead of "CAMEROUN FRANÇAIS".

"Honneur - Patrie" (Honour, Fatherland) is the motto of the Légion d'honneur. It has been inscribed on military flags under the First French Empire, and also became the motto of the French Navy from 1830. "Valeur - Discipline" (Valour, Discipline) was inscribed on military flags under the late First Empire; fallen in disuse under the Bourbon Restauration, is reappeared on the flags of the French Second Republic and on the reverse of the Médaille militaire. Probably under the Second French Empire, these two mottos fused and became features of French naval ships.

Free France and its Free French Forces (French: France Libre and Forces françaises libres) were the government-in-exile led by Charles de Gaulle during the Second World War and its military forces, that continued to fight against the Axis powers as one of the Allies after the fall of France. Set up in London in June 1940, it organized and supported the Resistance in occupied France. The Free French fought Axis and Vichy regime troops and served on battlefronts everywhere from the Middle East to Indochina and North Africa. The Free French Navy operated as an auxiliary force to the Royal Navy and, in the North Atlantic, to the Royal Canadian Navy. Free French units also served in the Royal Air Force, Soviet Air Force, and British SAS, before larger commands were established directly under the control of the government-in-exile. Capital: Brazzaville (1940–1943) and then Algiers (1943–1944). London was Seat of the French National Committee.

KM#6 50 centimes. Year: 1943. Weight: 2.80g [2.75g]. Metal: Bronze. Diameter: 20.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Pretoria, South Africa.
Obverse: Motto of France "LIBERTE.EGALITE.FRATERNITE." (Freedom Equality Fraternity) in two lines banner at the top. Croix de Lorraine (The Patriarchal cross / Archiepiscopal cross) in the center divides the Value "50 CMES". "S A" mint mark written at the top of the cross and "C L S" engraver's initials at the bottom of the cross. "HONNEUR" (Honor) written clockwise on the left side and "PATRIE" (Fatherland) written clockwise at the right side. Date at the bottom with sun design on its both sides. Reverse: Rooster facing left in the center with small shield above it. "CAMEROUN FRANÇAIS LIBRE" (Free French Cameroon) written at the bottom. Mintage: 4,000,000. Minted Years: One year type. Engraver: Coert Laurens Steynberg.

Note: KM#6 50 centimes has "CAMEROUN FRANÇAIS LIBRE" written instead of "CAMEROUN FRANÇAIS".

KM#5 Franc. Year: 1943. Weight: 5.51g [5.55g]. Metal: Bronze. Diameter: 25.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Pretoria, South Africa.
Obverse: Motto of France "LIBERTE.EGALITE.FRATERNITE." (Freedom Equality Fraternity) in two lines banner at the top. Croix de Lorraine in the center divides the Value "1 Fc". "S A" mint mark written at the top of the cross and "C L S" engraver's initials at the bottom of the cross. "HONNEUR" (Honor) written clockwise on the left side and "PATRIE" (Fatherland) written clockwise at the right side. Date at the bottom with sun design on its both sides. Reverse: Rooster facing left in the center with small shield above it. "CAMEROUN FRANÇAIS" (French Cameroon) written at the bottom. Mintage: 3,000,000. Minted Years: One year type. Engraver: Coert Laurens Steynberg.

Note: KM#7 1 Franc has "CAMEROUN FRANÇAIS LIBRE" written instead of "CAMEROUN FRANÇAIS".

 

1948
 

KM#8 Franc. Year: 1948. Weight: 1.30g [1.30g]. Metal: Aluminum. Diameter: 23.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Monnaie de Paris (mintmark: wing).

Obverse: Marianne's head, facing left, wearing a winged Phrygian cap. "REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE UNION FRANÇAISE" (French Republic French Union) written around Marianne's head. Four ships in the background. Engraver initials "L.BAZOR" written at bottom left side and "GB" at bottom right side. Date below exergue line, followed by privy mark on both sides. Reverse: A linked sorghum (an agricultural food crop) with 10 bunches at the top. Leptoceros gazelle head facing straight in the center divides Value (denomination) "1 F.". Stalks of maize crops in the background. "TERRITOIRE DU CAMEROUN" (Territory of Cameroon) written at the bottom section. Mintage: 8,000,000. Minted Years: One year type. Engraver: Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: ESSAI (pattern) type exists as KM#E5 in Copper-Nickel, weight: 5.30 grams with mintage: 2,000.

KM#9 2 Francs. Year: 1948. Weight: 2.29g [2.20g]. Metal: Aluminum. Diameter: 27.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Monnaie de Paris (mintmark: wing).

Obverse: Marianne's head, facing left, wearing a winged Phrygian cap. "REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE UNION FRANÇAISE" (French Republic French Union) written around Marianne's head. Four ships in the background. Engraver initials "L.BAZOR" written at bottom left side and "GB" at bottom right side. Date below exergue line, followed by privy mark on both sides. Reverse: A linked sorghum (an agricultural food crop) with 10 bunches at the top. Leptoceros gazelle head facing straight in the center divides Value (denomination) "2 F.". Stalks of maize crops in the background. "TERRITOIRE DU CAMEROUN" (Territory of Cameroon) written at the bottom section. Mintage: 5,000,000. Minted Years: One year type. Engraver: Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: ESSAI (pattern) type exists as KM#E6 in Copper-Nickel, weight: 10.00 grams with mintage: 2,000.

 
French Equatorial Africa - Cameroon
1958
 

KM#10 5 Francs. Year: 1958. Weight: 2.96g [3.00g]. Metal: Aluminum-Bronze. Diameter: 20.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Monnaie de Paris (mintmark: wing).

Obverse: "AFRIQUE EQUATORIALE FRANCAISE" (French Equatorial Africa) written at the top section and "INSTITUT D'EMISSION" (Emission Institute) written below it. Heads of three Giant Elands facing left in the center with grassland below them. Engraver initials "G.B.L.BAZOR" written at right side in smaller characters clockwise. "CAMEROUN" (Cameroon) written at the bottom with Date below it. Reverse: Numeral "5" in the center with "FRANCS" written below it. Privy mint mark on both sides, at the upper part of numeral "5". Circular Wreath with local crops surrounds the Value with knot at the bottom. Mintage: 30,000,000. Minted Years: One year type. Engraver: Gabriel Bernard / Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: ESSAI (pattern) type also exists as KM#E7, having mintage: 2,030.

The giant eland is also known as the Lord Derby eland. Binomial Name: Taurotragus derbianus.

KM#11 10 Francs. Year: 1958. Weight: 4.03g [4.00g]. Metal: Aluminum-Bronze. Diameter: 23.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Monnaie de Paris (mintmark: wing).

Obverse: "AFRIQUE EQUATORIALE FRANCAISE" (French Equatorial Africa) written at the top section and "INSTITUT D'EMISSION" (Emission Institute) written below it. Heads of three Giant Elands facing left in the center with grassland below them. Engraver initials "G.B.L.BAZOR" written at right side in smaller characters clockwise. "CAMEROUN" (Cameroon) written at the bottom with Date below it. Reverse: Numerals "10" in the center with "FRANCS" written below it. Privy mint mark on both sides. Circular Wreath with local crops surrounds the Value with knot at the bottom. Mintage: 25,000,000. Minted Years: One year type. Engraver: Gabriel Bernard / Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: ESSAI (pattern) type also exists as KM#E8, having mintage: 2,030.

KM#12 25 Francs. Year: 1958. Weight: 8.02g [8.00g]. Metal: Aluminum-Bronze. Diameter: 27.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Monnaie de Paris (mintmark: wing).

Obverse: "AFRIQUE EQUATORIALE FRANCAISE" (French Equatorial Africa) written at the top section and "INSTITUT D'EMISSION" (Emission Institute) written below it. Heads of three Giant Elands facing left in the center with grassland below them. Engraver initials "G.B.L.BAZOR" written at right side in smaller characters clockwise. "CAMEROUN" (Cameroon) written at the bottom with Date below it. Reverse: Numerals "25" in the center with "FRANCS" written below it. Privy mint mark on both sides. Circular Wreath with local crops surrounds the Value with knot at the bottom. Mintage: 12,000,000. Minted Years: One year type. Engraver: Gabriel Bernard / Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: ESSAI (pattern) type also exists as KM#E9, having mintage: 2,030.

 
 
 
Cameroon
 
  • Head of state
  • Ahmadou Babatoura Ahidjo.........................01 Jan 1960 - 05 May 1960 d. 1989
  • He was himself Prime minister as well.
  • Presidents
  • Ahmadou Babatoura Ahidjo.........................05 May 1960 - 06 Nov 1982
    • Prime minister
    • Charles Assalé..............................15 May 1960 - 01 Oct 1961 d. 1999
    • Prime ministers of East Cameroon
    • Charles Assalé..............................01 Oct 1961 - 19 Jun 1965
    • Vincent de Paul Ahanda......................19 Jun 1965 - 20 Nov 1965 d. 1975
    • Simon Pierre Tchoungui......................20 Nov 1965 - 02 Jun 1972 d. 1997
    • Prime ministers of West Cameroon
    • John Ngu Foncha.............................01 Oct 1961 - 13 May 1965
    • Augustine Ngom Jua..........................13 May 1965 - 11 Jan 1968 d. 1977
    • Salomon Tandeng Muna........................11 Jan 1968 - 02 Jun 1972 d. 2002
    • Prime minister
    • Paul Biya...................................30 Jun 1975 - 06 Nov 1982
  • Paul Biya........................................06 Nov 1982 - date
    • Prime ministers
    • Bello Bouba Maigari.........................06 Nov 1982 - 22 Aug 1983
    • Luc Ayang...................................22 Aug 1983 - 25 Jan 1984
    • Post abolished: 25 Jan 1984 - 26 Apr 1991.
    • Sadou Hayatou...............................26 Apr 1991 - 09 Apr 1992
    • Simon Achidi Achu...........................09 Apr 1992 - 19 Sep 1996
    • Peter Mafany Musonge........................19 Sep 1996 - 08 Dec 2004
    • Ephraïm Inoni...............................08 Dec 2004 - 30 Jun 2009
    • Philemon Yunji Yang.........................30 Jun 2009 - 04 Jan 2019
    • Joseph Dion Ngute...........................04 Jan 2019 - date
 
Republic of Cameroon (1960-1961)
1960
 

KM#13 50 Francs. Year: 1961. Weight: 12.05g [12.00g]. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 31.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Monnaie de Paris (mintmark: wing).

Obverse: "BANQUE CENTRALE" (Central Bank) written at the top section. Heads of three Giant Elands facing left in the center with grassland below them. Engraver initials "G B·L BAZOR" written at right side in smaller characters anti-clockwise. "·REP··CENTRAFRICAINE·CONGO·GABON·TCHAD" (Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon Chad) written at the bottom section with Date below it. Reverse: Numerals "50" in the center with "FRANCS" written below it. Privy mint mark on both sides, at the base of numerals "50". Circular Wreath surrounds the Value with knot at the bottom. Mintage: 9,000,000. Minted Years: 1961 and 1962. Engraver: Gabriel Bernard / Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: ESSAI (pattern) type also exists as KM#E10, having mintage: 1,500.

 
Federal Republic of Cameroon (1961-1972)
1966
In 1966, nickel 100 francs coin was introduced.
 

KM#14 100 Francs. Year: 1966. Weight: 11.89g [12.00g]. Metal: Nickel. Diameter: 25.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Monnaie de Paris (mintmark: owl).

Obverse: Date at the top. Numeral "100" in the center with "FRANCS" written below it. Date and value within circular design. Reverse: "ETAT DU CAMEROUN" (State of the Cameroon) written at the top section and "PAIX·TRAVAIL·PATRIE" (Peace·Work·Fatherland) written below it. Heads of three Giant Elands facing left in the center with grassland below them. Two Privy mint marks on left side near the border. Engraver initials "GB·L·BAZOR" written at right side in smaller characters. "PEACE·WORK·FATHERLAND" written below the Giant Elands. "BANQUE CENTRALE" (Central Bank) written at the bottom section. Mintage: 4,000,000. Minted Years: 1966, 1967 and 1968. Engraver: Gabriel Bernard / Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: ESSAI (pattern) type also exists as KM#E11, having mintage: 1,200.

 
1967
 

Same as above KM#14 100 Francs, but...

Year: 1967. Weight: 12.05 [12.00g]. Mint: Monnaie de Paris (mintmark: owl). Mintage: 4,000,000.

 
1968
 

Same as above KM#14 100 Francs, but...

Year: 1968. Weight: 12.17 [12.00g]. Mint: Monnaie de Paris (mintmark: owl). Mintage: 5,000,000.

 
1971
 

KM#15 100 Francs. Year: 1971. Weight: 6.70g [7.00g]. Metal: Nickel. Diameter: 25.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Monnaie de Paris (mintmark: owl).
Obverse: "BANQUE CENTRALE" (Central Bank) written in banner at the top. Numerals "100" with "FRANCS" written below it in the center. Design on both sides. Date written in banner at the bottom. Reverse: "REPUBLIQUE FEDERALE DU CAMEROUN" (Federal Republic of Cameroon) written at the top. Heads of three Giant Elands facing left in the center with grassland below them. Engraver initials "G.B.L.BAZOR" written at right side in smaller characters anti-clockwise. Mintage: 9,000,000. Minted Years: 1971 and 1972. Engraver: Gabriel Bernard / Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: ESSAI (pattern) type also exists as KM#E13, having mintage: 1,550 and as KM#E14 in gold with mintage: 6 pieces only.

 
United Republic of Cameroon (1972-1984)
1972
 

KM#16 100 Francs. Year: 1972. Weight: 6.96g [7.00g]. Metal: Nickel. Diameter: 25.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Monnaie de Paris (mintmark: owl).
Obverse: "BANQUE CENTRALE" (Central Bank) written in banner at the top. Numerals "100" with "FRANCS" written below it in the center. Design on both sides. Date written in banner at the bottom. Reverse: "CAMEROUN - CAMEROON" (Cameroon) written in French and English at the top. Heads of three Giant Elands facing left in the center with grassland below them. Engraver initials "G.B.L.BAZOR" written at right side in smaller characters anti-clockwise. Mintage: 4,000,000. Minted Years: One year type. Engraver: Gabriel Bernard / Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: ESSAI (pattern) type also exists as KM#E15, having mintage: 1,550.

 
1975
 

KM#17 100 Francs. Year: 1986. Weight: 6.99g [7.00g]. Metal: Nickel. Diameter: 25.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Monnaie de Paris (mintmark: fish).
Obverse: "BANQUE DES ETATS DE L'AFRIQUE CENTRALE" (Bank of the Central African States) written in two lines banner at the top. Numerals "100" written in the center. "FRANCS" written below numeral 100 and Date written below it in the center. Design on both sides and at the bottom. Reverse: "CAMEROUN - CAMEROON" (Cameroon) written in French and English at the top. Heads of three Giant Elands facing left in the center with grassland below them. Engraver initials "G.B.L.BAZOR" written at right side in smaller characters anti-clockwise. Mintage: 11,000,000. Minted Years: 1975, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1984 and 1986 (fish mint marks for all Dates). Engraver: Gabriel Bernard / Lucien Georges Bazor.

Note: ESSAI (pattern) type also exists as KM#E16 dated 1975, having mintage: 1,700.

 
Republic of Cameroon (1984-date)
1986
 

Same as above coin KM#17 100 Francs, but...

Year: 1986. Weight: 6.93g [7.00g]. Mint: Monnaie de Paris (mintmark: fish). Mintage: 2,000,000.

 
 
IDAO - Bureau Africain d'Emission issues
Various design of coins of limited mintage were produced by African mint for Cameroon in 2003, 2005, 2006 and 2007.
 
2005
 

X#25 750 CFA Francs (½ AFRICA). Year: 2005. Weight: 5.08g. Metal: Cobalt plated Nickel. Diameter: 21.85 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Africa Mint.

Obverse: "CAMEROUN - CAMEROON" (Cameroon) written in French and English at the top. Tribal man standing straight with spear in his left hand in the center. "AM" (African mint) initials at bottom right side of the Tribal man's feet. "PYGMEES" written top to bottom on the left side and "PYGMIES" written bottom to top on the right side of the Tribal man. One star each at the bottom left section and bottom right section near the border. "750 CFA 2005" written at the bottom clockwise (appears upside down).  

Reverse: Elephant face on Africa Map in the center. Value "750 CFA" and "½ AFRICA" written at the left side below the map. "EMISSION MONETAIRE DE L'INSTITUT DE DEVELOPPEMENT DE L'AFRIQUE CENTRALE * IDAC *" (clockwise) starting from 3 o'clock around the map. Mintage: 2,500. Minted Years: One year type. This coin is also made in bi-metallic as X#25a (Copper-nickel center and Brass ring. Weight: 5.25 grams. Diameter: 21.50 mm) with mintage: 2,005 and in Silver as X#25b with mintage of 25 pieces only.

Note: In anthropology, pygmy peoples are ethnic groups whose average height is unusually short. The term pygmyism is used to describe the phenotype of endemic short stature (as opposed to disproportionate dwarfism occurring in isolated cases in a population) for populations in which adult men are on average less than 150 cm (4 ft 11 in) tall.
The term is primarily associated with the African Pygmies, the hunter-gatherers of the Congo basin (comprising the Bambenga, Bambuti and Batwa). The term "pygmoid" is a traditional morphological racial category for the Central African Pygmies, considered a subgroup of the Negroid category. The term "Asiatic Pygmies" has been used of the Negrito populations of Maritime Southeast Asia and other Australoid peoples of short stature. The Taron people of Myanmar are an exceptional case of a "pygmy" population of East Asian phenotype.

X#26 1500 CFA Francs (1 Africa). Year: 2005. Weight: 7.37g [7.40g]. Metal: Iron plated Nickel. Diameter: 25.50 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Africa Mint.

Obverse: "CAMEROUN - CAMEROON" (Cameroon) written in French and English at the top. African Primitive Coin "Mambila" (Iron double hoe money) in the center. "AM" (African mint) initials above the Date. Date at the bottom.

Reverse: Elephant face on Africa Map in the center. Value "1500 CFA" and "1 AFRICA" written at the left side below the map. "EMISSION MONETAIRE DE L'INSTITUT DE DEVELOPPEMENT DE L'AFRIQUE CENTRALE * IDAC *" (clockwise) starting from 3 o'clock around the map. Mintage: 2,005. Minted Years: One year type. This coin is also made in Silver as X#26a with mintage of 25 pieces only.

X#24 3000 CFA Francs (3 Africa). Year: 2005. Weight: 7.44g [7.50g]. Metal: Bi-Metallic; Nickel center and Brass ring. Diameter: 26.00 mm. Edge: Reeded / Plain (alternative 5 patches each). Alignment: Medal. Mint: Africa Mint.

Obverse: "HABEMVS PAPAM BENEDICTVM XVI" written in the top section. Pope Benedict XVI facing straight in the center. "AM" (African mint) initials at the left side near of the ear. "CAMEROUN 4500 CFA 2005" written at the bottom section.

Reverse: Elephant face on Africa Map in the center. Value "3 AFRICA" written at the left side below the map. "EMISSION MONETAIRE DE L'INSTITUT DE DEVELOPPEMENT DE L'AFRIQUE CENTRALE * IDAC *" (clockwise) starting from 3 o'clock around the map. Mintage: 2,005. Minted Years: One year type. This coin is also made in bi-metallic as X#24a (Silver center and Gold plated Silver ring with mintage: 25 and in Silver as X#24b with mintage of 25 pieces only.

Note: Habemus papam ("We have a pope") is the announcement traditionally given by the Protodeacon of the College of Cardinals (the senior cardinal deacon in the College) or by the senior cardinal deacon participating in the papal conclave, in Latin, upon the election of a new pope of the Catholic Church.

Pope Benedict XVI (Latin: Benedictus XVI; Italian: Benedetto XVI; German: Benedikt XVI; born Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger on 16 April 1927) is a senior prelate of the Catholic Church who served as its head and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 19 April 2005 until his resignation in 28 February 2013. Benedict's election as pope occurred in the 2005 papal conclave that followed the death of Pope John Paul II. Benedict chose to be known by the title "Pope Emeritus" upon his resignation. Benedict XVI was elected the 265th pope at the age of 78. He is the oldest person to have been elected pope since Pope Clement XII (1730–40). He served longer as a cardinal before becoming Pope than any Pontiff since Benedict XIII (1724–30). Benedict and his Polish predecessor John Paul II were the first consecutive non-Italian popes since the seven consecutive Frenchmen of the Avignon Papacy (1309–78). The last pope named Benedict was Benedict XV, an Italian who reigned from 1914 to 1922, during World War I (1914–18). Ratzinger chose the pontifical name Benedict, which comes from the Latin word meaning "the blessed", in honour of both Pope Benedict XV and Saint Benedict of Nursia. Pope Benedict XV was pope during the First World War, during which time he passionately pursued peace between the warring nations. St. Benedict of Nursia was the founder of the Benedictine monasteries (most monasteries of the Middle Ages were of the Benedictine order) and the author of the Rule of Saint Benedict, which is still the most influential writing regarding the monastic life of Western Christianity. The Pope explained his choice of name during his first general audience in St. Peter's Square, on 27 April 2005. On 11 February 2013, the Vatican confirmed that Benedict XVI would resign the papacy on 28 February 2013, as a result of his advanced age, becoming the first pope to resign since Gregory XII in 1415. At the age of 85 years and 318 days on the effective date of his retirement, he was the fourth-oldest person to hold the office of pope. The move was unexpected. In modern times, all popes have held office until death. Benedict was the first pope to resign without external pressure since Celestine V in 1294. In his declaration of 10 February 2013, Benedict XVI resigned as "Bishop of Rome, Successor of Saint Peter".

 
2006
 

X#31 7500 CFA Francs (5 Africa). Year: 2006. Weight: 12.71g [12.70g]. Metal: Silver plated Brass. Diameter: 30.50 mm. Edge: Reeded / Plain (alternative 5 patches each). Alignment: Medal. Mint: Africa Mint.

Obverse: "CAMEROUN - CAMEROON" (Cameroon) written in French and English at the top. Two wedding rings overlapping in the center top section and blank region below it. Two small wine glasses touching each other on both sides of the wedding ring. Date at the bottom with initial "AM" (African mint) above it.

Reverse: Elephant face on Africa Map in the center. Value "7500 CFA" and "5 AFRICA" written at the left side below the map. "EMISSION MONETAIRE DE L'INSTITUT DE DEVELOPPEMENT DE L'AFRIQUE CENTRALE * IDAC *" (clockwise) starting from 3 o'clock around the map. Mintage: 1,500. Minted Years: One year type. X#31 coin is more thicker than the below 24 Carats Golden coin. This coin is also made in pure silver as X#31b with mintage: 25.

X#31a 7500 CFA Francs (5 Africa). Year: 2006. Weight: 12.60g [12.60g]. Metal: 24 Carats Gold plated Brass. Diameter: 30.50 mm. Edge: Reeded / Plain (alternative 5 patches each). Alignment: Medal. Mint: Africa Mint. Mintage: 1,500. Minted Years: One year type.

Same Obverse and Reverse details as above coin X#31.

Note: This is a fantastic new issue that invite you to "Personalize YOUR OWN ISSUE !" There is enough space left on the 24 carats Golden version as well as on the Silver plated one (or Pure Silver one) to engrave the name of the 2 spouses or fiancés ! This is cost additional 13 Euro by African Mint. All coins of these programs have a very low mintage, only 1,500 pieces of each type for the "Marriage-Engagement". The "Marriage-Engagement" commemoratives show the highest value ever issued by Africa Mint: 7,500 CFA (5 Africa).

Complete issue by IDAO on Cameroon coins can be seen at: http://www.africamint.com/Cameroon.html

 
 
 
 
Countries / Territories
 
Chiefa Coins