Abkhazia is a
disputed territory on the eastern coast of the Black Sea and the
south-western flank of the Caucasus. Abkhazia considers itself an
independent state, called the Republic of Abkhazia or Apsny. This status is
recognized by Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Nauru, Tuvalu and Vanuatu and
also by the partially recognized states of South Ossetia, Transnistria and
the unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh. The Georgian government and the majority
of the world's governments consider Abkhazia a part of Georgia's territory.
Under Georgia's official designation it is an autonomous republic, called
the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia, whose government sits in exile in
Tbilisi. On 28 August 2008, the Parliament of Georgia passed a resolution
declaring Abkhazia a "Russian-occupied territory".
Capital: Sukhumi (Sukhum).
730 Abkhaz and Lazik principalities oust Arab & Byzantine rulers.
767 Kingdom of Abkhazia
1325 Principality of Abkhazia established
1578 Part of the Ottoman Empire.
22 Jun 1810 Russia occupies Sukumi, Abkhazia a Russian protectorate.
1854 - 1856
Occupied by Ottoman Empire.
06 Jul 1864 Incorporated into Russian Empire (from 1883, renamed
08 Mar 1918 Independence declared.
19 Apr 1918 Incorporated into Georgian Republic.
04 Mar 1921 Soviet Socialist Republic of Abkhazia declared.
16 Dec 1921 Union agreement signed between the Georgian S.S.R. and the
19 Feb 1931 Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of Abkhazia within
05 Dec 1936 Renamed Abkhazian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.
20 Jun 1990 Georgian annulment of all Soviet-era laws and treaties
25 Aug 1990 Abkhazia state sovereignty declared; declaring itself part
of Russian S.F.S.R. (not recognized).
09 Apr 1991 Georgian declaration of independence with Abkhazia as it's
26 Dec 1991 Dissolution of Soviet Union
23 Jul 1992 Abkhazia declares independence
14 Aug 1992 - 27 Sep 1993 Georgian occupation of Sukhumi.
23 Jul 1992 Abkhazia adopted a Flag
24 Nov 1992 Georgian government organizes Abkhazian Autonomous
government in T'bilisi.
27 Sep 1993 Abkhazia declared independence.
Mass exodus and ethnic cleansing of Georgian civilians.
26 Nov 1994 New Constitution
03 Oct 1999 Constitutional referendum
12 Oct 1999 Act of state independence
10 Oct 2002 Georgia designates Abkhazia an autonomous republic.
17 Nov 2006 South Ossetia, Transnistria and
10 Aug 2008 - date
Pro-Abkhaz intervention by Russian military forces.
26 Aug 2008 Independence first internationally recognized by Russia.
04 Sep 2008 Independence recognized by Nicaragua.
10 Sep 2009 Independence recognized by Venezuela.
15 Dec 2009 Independence recognized by Nauru.
23 May 2011 Independence recognized by
Vanuatu, but withdrawn on 30 May.
18 Sep 2011 Independence recognized by Tuvalu.
highlighted in Green in above map.
Also known as Abkhazia or Akhazia, it is a
mountainous district along the east coast of the Black Sea, to the
northeast of Georgia.
Russia.................................................1993 - date
Chairman of Parliament
Vladislav Grigoryevich Ardzinba............23
Jul 1992 - 26 Nov 1994
He was at Gudauta: Aug
1992 - 27 Sep 1993.
Ardzinba............04 Dec 1990 - 12 Feb 2005
He was the chairman of
parliament to 26 Nov 1994.
Bagapsh......................12 Feb 2005 - 29 May 2011
He is also known as
Sergei Uasyl-ipa Bagapsh. He served as Prime Minister during 29 April
1997 – 20 December 1999. He died on May 29, 2011, at the age of 62, from
complications of surgery.
Zolotinskvich Ankvab..................29 May 2011 - 01 Jun 2014
He was acting President to 26 Sep
2011. He served as Prime Minister during 12 February 2010 – 29 May 2011.
Zolotinskvich Ankvab..................29 May 2011 - 01 Jun 2014
Ankvab survived six
attempts on his life from 2005 to 2012, last time as a president on
February 22, 2012, when his convoy was ambushed in Abkhazia, killing two
of his guards. On May 27, 2014, Ankvab's headquarters in Sukhumi were
stormed by opposition groups led by Raul Khadjimba, forcing him into
flight to Gudauta in what Ankvab denounced as an "armed coup attempt".
The Abkhaz parliament declared Ankvab "unable" to exercise his
presidential powers on May 31, 2014, and Ankvab resigned on June 01, 2014
due to political crisis.
Valeri Bganba (acting)..........................01
Jun 2014 - 25 Sep 2014
He is the current
elected Speaker of the People's Assembly of Abkhazia since 03 April
2012, defeating Raul Khajimba by 21 votes to 11. On 25 September 2014
Bganba was replaced by Raul Khajimba, the winner of the presidential
elections on 24 August.
Sep 2014 - date
He unsuccessfully ran
for President in 2004, 2009 and 2011. He was Minister for Defense: 19
December 2002 - 22 April 2003, Prime Minister of Abkhazia: 22 April 2003
- 06 October 2004 and Vice President of Abkhazia: 12 February 2005 - 28
Russian Ruble (RUB) are used in Abkhazia. Commemorative coins as
Abkhazian apsar are also produced since 2008. Russian ruble is pegged to 0.10 apsar
(1 asper = 10 Russian Rubles).
National Bank of the Republic of Abkhazia featuring such commemorative coins
can be viewed at:
In 2008, two types of 10 asper silver coins
were produced featuring V.G.Ardzynba and 15th anniversary of the
Abkhazian victory in the 1992-1993 war. These coin coin were also
produced as 50 asper in Gold as well.
In 2008, five different 10 asper silver coins
were produced on various personalities:
In 2009 "The Narts" 25 asper gold coin was
In 2010, seven historical Cathedral of Abkhazia
were produced as 10 asper silver coins. These coins were also produced
with gold plated on cathedral design as 10 asper silver coins as well.
The Dormition Cathedral of Dranda
The Cathedral of St. Andrew - the
"First-called" Apostle in Pitsunda,
The Dormition Cathedral of Lykhny
The Dormition Cathedral of Myku
The New Afon Cathedral of St. Simon
The Bedia Cathedral of the Holy Mary, the
Mother of God
The Cathedral of St. George in Elyr
In 2011, 10 asper silver coin was produce to
celebrate the VIII World Domino Championship at Sukhum.
10 apsar. Year:
33.65g [33.94g ± 0.31g]. Metal:
39.00 mm. Edge:
Saint Petersburg Mint Goznak (RF). Obverse:
“10 ҧСАРК” (10 APSARS) written on the top. Emblem in the
center with “Аҧсны Абанк” (The Bank of
Abkhazia) in Abkhazian language
written below it. On the right part of the coin, near the border, it
has a small square having the logotype and mint trademark in the
first line, indication of metal sign "Ag-925" in accordance with the
D. I .Mendeleyev Periodic System of Elements and the fineness in the
second line and "33.65g" on the third line. Date imposed at the bottom with
written several times in five lines on the rough surface in the background. Reverse:
8 stars with
"VIII World Domino Championship 10-2011" written around Domino
shaped sail boat in the center. Colored waving Abkhazia flag on top of the boat.
(Abkhazia) written in
Abkhazian language at the bottom.
probably 1,000 (estimated).
One year type.
12 Sep 2011.