Taxila (Taksasila)
 
An ancient city in northern Pakistan, the site is about 20 miles northwest of the present Pakistani capital of Islamabad. It was known for ages as a commercial center astride several important trade routes, and as a significant contact point for Indian, Iranian, Hellenistic, and even Chinese influences.
 
  • Kingdom of GANDHARA
  • Gandhara (of which Taxila was a capital - Kabul  another) was one of the earliest states to emerge from the Aryan migrations south off the steppes and into Iran and India. It's age is unknown, but was a minimum of 1100 years old when Alexander's armies reached it.
  • Unknown Rulers
  • Druyu...........................................................fl. c. 1600
  • Babhru
  • Arabdha
  • Gandhara
  • Dharma
  • Ghrita
  • Durjaya
  • Prachetas
  • Shuchetas (Shatadrakhman).......................................fl. c. 1350
  • Unknown Rulers
  • Pushracarin (Pukkusati).........................................fl. c. 550
  • Persian client.........................................c. 520 - 326
    • Unknown Rulers
    • Ambhi..................................................? - 326
 
Silver punch marked "bent bar" Satamana. [Broad series] c. 6th cent. BC. West Indus series 11.2g. Size: 5x11x 28 mms
Silver punch marked "bent bar" Satamana. [Narrow Series] Pre 350 BC. Mint: Taxila 8.2g. Size: 3.5x10x 40.5 mms.
Silver Satamana. Flat Bar [Narrow Series] Pre 350 BC.  Mint: Taxila, circular counter-mark also in middle 8.2g
Silver Satamana. [Flat Bar, West Indus series (Indus and Kabul river)]. Substantial copper and other metals amalgamation. Found in North Attock.

Silver punchmarked "heavy bent bar" Satamana. [Broad Series] discovered at Campbellpur (modern day Attock City) east of River Indus 11.4g.
 
  • Macedon...................................................326 - c. 315
  • The Mauryan Empire.....................................c. 315 - c. 232
  • Bactria................................................c. 232 - c. 130
  • Kingdom of TAXILA
  • Antiacides......................................................fl. c. 130
  • Unknown Ruler
  • Archibius...................................................? - 61 and...
  • Hermaeus....................................................? - 61
  • The Saka (Scythians).......................................61 - c. 30
  • The Kushan Empire...................................c. 30 BCE - c. 20 CE
    • Indravarman
  • Client of Parthian Empire...............................c. 20 - c. 75
    • Aspavarman.........................................c. 20 - c. 75
  • The Kushan Empire.......................................c. 75 - c. 230
    • Zeyonis (Djihonika)
  • The Kushanshahs........................................c. 230 - c. 300
  • The Gupta Empire.......................................c. 300 - c. 450
  • The Hephthalites.......................................c. 450 - c. 565
  • The Guptid city was visited by Chinese travelers, among whom Fa-Hsien reported a flourishing fortified market town. But the Hunnic invasions devastated the region, and when another Chinese pilgrim, Hsuan Tsang, reached the area c. 640, all he found were scattered ruins and abandoned monasteries. Taxila was never rebuilt.
 
 
Pakistan's province of Punjab.
Countries / Territories
 
Chiefa Coins