USA Coinage: 1841 - 1844
under President: John Tyler
John Tyler (March 29, 1790 January 18, 1862) became the tenth President of the United States (April 04, 1841 March 04, 1845) after serving briefly as the tenth Vice President (March 04, 1841 April 04, 1841); he was elected to the latter office on the 1840 Whig ticket with President William Henry Harrison. Tyler ascended to the presidency after Harrison's death in April 1841, a mere month after the start of the new administration. Harrison's death made Tyler the first vice president to succeed to the presidency without election. Tyler served longer than any president in U.S. history not elected to the office. Known as a supporter of states' rights, his actions as president showed that he was willing to back nationalist policies when they did not infringe on the powers of the states. His unexpected rise to the presidency, with the resulting threat to the presidential ambitions of Henry Clay and other politicians, left him estranged from both major parties.
The Republic of Texas separated from Mexico in 1836; Tyler, a firm believer in manifest destiny, saw its annexation as providing an economic advantage to the United States, and worked diligently to make it happen. He initially sought election to a full term as president, but after failing to gain the support of either Whigs or Democrats, he withdrew in support of Democrat James K. Polk, who favored annexation. Polk won the election, and Tyler signed a bill to annex Texas three days before leaving office. Under Polk, the process was completed. After the American Civil War began in 1861, Tyler won election to the Confederate House of Representatives shortly before his death. Although some have praised Tyler's political resolve, his presidency is generally held in low regard by historians. He is considered an obscure president, with little presence in American cultural memory.
In 1844, regular Democrats were forced to call for annexation of Texas in their platform, but there was a bitter battle for the presidential nomination. Ballot after ballot, Van Buren failed to win the necessary super-majority of Democratic votes, and slowly fell in the rankings. It was not until the ninth ballot that the Democrats turned their sights to James K. Polk, a less prominent candidate who supported annexation. They found him to be perfectly suited for their platform, and he was nominated with two-thirds of the vote. Tyler considered his work vindicated, and implied in an acceptance letter that annexation was his true priority rather than election.
On June 14, 1861, Tyler signed the Ordinance of Secession, and one week later the convention unanimously elected him to the Provisional Confederate Congress. Tyler was seated in the Confederate Congress on August 01, 1861, and he served until just before his death in 1862. In November 1861, he was elected to the Confederate House of Representatives but he died in his room at the Ballard House hotel in Richmond on January 18, 1862, before the first session could open in February 1862.
Currency: Dollar = 100 cents
Monetary System: Penny = Cent, Trime = 3 Cents, Nickel = 5 Cents, Dime = 10 Cents, Quarter = 25 Cents, Half Dollar = 50, Cents, Dollar = 100 Cents, Quarter Eagle = $2.50 Gold, Stella = $4.00 Gold, Half Eagle = $5.00 Gold, Eagle = $10.00 Gold and Double Eagle = $20.00 Gold.
Mint Marks:
C Charlotte, N.C., 1838-1861.
CC Carson City, NV, 1870-1893.
D Dahlonega, GA, 1838-1861.
D Denver, CO, 1906-present.
O New Orleans, LA, 1838-1909.
P Philadelphia, PA, 1793-present (coins without mintmark also belongs to Philadelphia).
S San Francisco, CA, 1854-present.
W West Point, NY, 1984-present.



KM#63.2 Dime (10 cents). Year: 1842. Weight: 2.56 g [2.67 g]. Metal: 0.900 Silver. Diameter: 17.90 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Philadelphia, USA. Obverse: Sitting Liberty on shield facing left in the center. Phrygian hat on stick. 13 stars around the liberty head in top section. Date written at the bottom. KM#63.2 type has Drapery added to Liberty's left elbow. No mintmark below the wreath belongs to Philadelphia mint.

Reverse: "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in circular form outside the wreath. "ONE DIME" written in the center surrounded with wreath. Mintage: 1,887,500. Mintage Years: 1840, 1841, 1841O, 1841O, 1842, 1842O, 1843, 1843/1843, 1843O, 1844, 1845, 1845/1845, 1845O, 1846, 1847, 1848, 1849, 1849O, 1850, 1850O, 1851, 1851O, 1852, 1852O and 1853. Engraver: Christian Gobrecht (both sides). This coin is commonly known by coin collectors as "Seated Liberty Dime with stars but no arrows". The "O" mintmark is below M in DIME and above the wreath knot.

Christian Gobrecht (December 23, 1785 July 23, 1844) was the third Chief Engraver of the United States Mint from December 21, 1840 until his death in July 23, 1844. He was responsible for designing the famous "Seated Liberty" designs, which were in turn the direct inspiration for the design of the Trade Dollar. He also designed the Gobrecht Dollar, which was struck in small quantities from 1836 to 1838 and later inspired the Flying Eagle cent.

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