USA Coinage: 1924 - 1929
under President: John Calvin Coolidge
 
John Calvin Coolidge Jr. (July 04, 1872 – January 05, 1933) was the 30th President of the United States (02 August 1923 - 04 March 1929). He is the only U.S. president to be born on Independence Day. A Republican lawyer from Vermont, Coolidge worked his way up the ladder of Massachusetts state politics, eventually becoming governor of that state. His response to the Boston Police Strike of 1919 thrust him into the national spotlight and gave him a reputation as a man of decisive action. Soon after, he was elected as the 29th vice president on March 04, 1920 and succeeded to the presidency upon the sudden death of Warren G. Harding on August 02, 1923. Elected in his own right in 1924, he gained a reputation as a small-government conservative, and also as a man who said very little, although having a rather dry sense of humor.
The United States presidential election of 1924 was the 35th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 4, 1924. Incumbent President Calvin Coolidge, the Republican candidate, was elected to a full term. John Calvin Coolidge Jr. got 54.0%, John William Davis from Democratic got 28.8% and Robert Marion "Fighting Bob" La Follette Sr. from Progressive got 16.6%.
Coolidge restored public confidence in the White House after the scandals of his predecessor's administration, and left office with considerable popularity. As a Coolidge biographer wrote, "He embodied the spirit and hopes of the middle class, could interpret their longings and express their opinions. That he did represent the genius of the average is the most convincing proof of his strength." Coolidge's retirement was relatively short, as he died at the age of 60 in January 1933, less than two months before his immediate successor, Herbert Hoover, left office.
Coolidge published his autobiography in 1929 and wrote a syndicated newspaper column, "Calvin Coolidge Says," from 1930 to 1931. Faced with looming defeat in the 1932 presidential election, some Republicans spoke of rejecting Herbert Hoover as their party's nominee, and instead drafting Coolidge to run, but the former president made it clear that he was not interested in running again, and that he would publicly repudiate any effort to draft him, should it come about. Hoover was renominated, and Coolidge made several radio addresses in support of him. Hoover then lost the general election to Coolidge's 1920 vice presidential Democratic opponent Franklin D. Roosevelt in a landslide.
Coolidge died suddenly from coronary thrombosis at "The Beeches," at 12:45 p.m., January 5, 1933. Shortly before his death, Coolidge confided to an old friend: "I feel I no longer fit in with these times." Coolidge is buried in Plymouth Notch Cemetery, Plymouth Notch, Vermont. The nearby family home is maintained as one of the original buildings on the Calvin Coolidge Homestead District site.
 
 
Currency: Dollar = 100 cents
Monetary System: Penny = Cent, Trime = 3 Cents, Nickel = 5 Cents, Dime = 10 Cents, Quarter = 25 Cents, Half Dollar = 50, Cents, Dollar = 100 Cents, Quarter Eagle = $2.50 Gold, Stella = $4.00 Gold, Half Eagle = $5.00 Gold, Eagle = $10.00 Gold and Double Eagle = $20.00 Gold.
Mint Marks:
C – Charlotte, N.C., 1838-1861.
CC – Carson City, NV, 1870-1893.
D – Dahlonega, GA, 1838-1861.
D – Denver, CO, 1906-present.
O – New Orleans, LA, 1838-1909.
P – Philadelphia, PA, 1793-present (coins without mintmark also belongs to Philadelphia).
S – San Francisco, CA, 1854-present.
W – West Point, NY, 1984-present.

 

1924
 

KM#132 1 cent. Year: 1924. Weight: 2.99 g [3.11 g]. Metal: Bronze. Diameter: 19.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Philadelphia, USA. Obverse: "IN GOD WE TRUST" motto at the top. Right facing profile of President Abraham Lincoln. "LIBERTY" written at the left side horizontally. Date at the chest of Abraham Lincoln. "V.D.B" written at 7 o'clock near the edge.
Reverse: "E·PLURIBUS·UNUM" (Latin for "Out of many, one") written at the top. "ONE CENT" written at the upper part and "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in two line at the lower part in the center. Wheat ears surrounding lettering on both sides. Mintage: 75,178,000. Mintage Years: [see under 1909 VDB]. Engraver: Victor David Brenner (both sides).
 
1925
 

KM#132 1 cent. Year: 1925. Weight: 3.02 g [3.11 g]. Metal: Bronze. Diameter: 19.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Philadelphia, USA. Obverse: "IN GOD WE TRUST" motto at the top. Right facing profile of President Abraham Lincoln. "LIBERTY" written at the left side horizontally. Date at the chest of Abraham Lincoln. "V.D.B" written at 7 o'clock near the edge.
Reverse: "E·PLURIBUS·UNUM" (Latin for "Out of many, one") written at the top. "ONE CENT" written at the upper part and "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in two line at the lower part in the center. Wheat ears surrounding lettering on both sides. Mintage: 139,949,000. Mintage Years: [see under 1909 VDB]. Engraver: Victor David Brenner (both sides).
 
1926
 

KM#132 1 cent. Year: 1926. Weight: 3.03 g [3.11 g]. Metal: Bronze. Diameter: 19.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Philadelphia, USA. Obverse: "IN GOD WE TRUST" motto at the top. Right facing profile of President Abraham Lincoln. "LIBERTY" written at the left side horizontally. Date at the chest of Abraham Lincoln. "V.D.B" written at 7 o'clock near the edge.
Reverse: "E·PLURIBUS·UNUM" (Latin for "Out of many, one") written at the top. "ONE CENT" written at the upper part and "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in two line at the lower part in the center. Wheat ears surrounding lettering on both sides. Mintage: 157,088,000. Mintage Years: [see under 1909 VDB]. Engraver: Victor David Brenner (both sides).

KM#145 Quarter Dollar (25 cents). Year: 1926. Weight: 6.03 g [6.25 g]. Metal: 0.900 Silver. Diameter: 24.30 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Philadelphia, USA. Obverse: "LIBERTY" written at the top. Walking Liberty in the center, looking over her left shoulder, holding a shield in the left hand and an olive branch in the right. Motto: "IN GOD" on the left and  "WE TRVST" written at right side. 7 Stars on the left side and 6 stars on the right side besides the legs. Date at the bottom. KM#145 is for covered left breast types.
Reverse: "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" written at the top in three line. Eagle flying right in the center. "E·PLVRIBVS VNVM" (Latin for "Out of many, one") written above the Eagle in two lines. Five Stars on each side. Three stars are below the Eagle. "QUARTER DOLLAR" written at the bottom. Mintage: 11,316,000. Mintage Years: 1917, 1917D, 1917S, 1918, 1918D, 1918S, 1918/17S, 1919, 1919D, 1919S, 1920, 1920D, 1920S, 1921, 1923, 1923S, 1924, 1924D, 1924S, 1925, 1926, 1926D, 1926S, 1927, 1927D, 1927S, 1928, 1928D, 1928S Large S, 1928S Small S, 1929, 1929D, 1929S, 1930 and 1930S. Engraver: Hermon Atkins MacNeil (both sides). This coin is commonly known by coin collectors as "Standing Liberty Quarter". On the second type KM#145, the Liberty's breast is covered by chainmail. From 1925 to 1930, the date was recessed, so that it wouldn't wear flat. No mint mark on the right side of the 7th Star (bottom star) on the left side vertical row of stars, belongs to Philadelphia, USA. Engraver's initials "M" is written on the right side of the 6th Star (bottom star) on the right side vertical row of stars.

Hermon Atkins MacNeil (February 27, 1866 – October 02, 1947) was an American sculptor born in Everett, Massachusetts. He is known for designing the Standing Liberty quarter, and for sculpting Justice, the Guardian of Liberty on the east pediment of the United States Supreme Court building.

 
1927
 

KM#132 1 cent. Year: 1927. Weight: 3.12 g [3.11 g]. Metal: Bronze. Diameter: 19.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Philadelphia, USA. Obverse: "IN GOD WE TRUST" motto at the top. Right facing profile of President Abraham Lincoln. "LIBERTY" written at the left side horizontally. Date at the chest of Abraham Lincoln. "V.D.B" written at 7 o'clock near the edge.
Reverse: "E·PLURIBUS·UNUM" (Latin for "Out of many, one") written at the top. "ONE CENT" written at the upper part and "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in two line at the lower part in the center. Wheat ears surrounding lettering on both sides. Mintage: 144,440,000. Mintage Years: [see under 1909 VDB]. Engraver: Victor David Brenner (both sides).
 
1928
 

KM#132 1 cent. Year: 1928. Weight: 3.10 g [3.11 g]. Metal: Bronze. Diameter: 19.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Philadelphia, USA. Obverse: "IN GOD WE TRUST" motto at the top. Right facing profile of President Abraham Lincoln. "LIBERTY" written at the left side horizontally. Date at the chest of Abraham Lincoln. "V.D.B" written at 7 o'clock near the edge.
Reverse: "E·PLURIBUS·UNUM" (Latin for "Out of many, one") written at the top. "ONE CENT" written at the upper part and "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in two line at the lower part in the center. Wheat ears surrounding lettering on both sides. Mintage: 134,116,000. Mintage Years: [see under 1909 VDB]. Engraver: Victor David Brenner (both sides).

KM#134 5 cents (Nickel). Year: 1928. Weight: 4.87 g [5.00 g]. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 21.20 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Philadelphia, USA. Obverse: Male Native American facing right - composite profile of Iron Tail (an Oglala Sioux chief), Two Moons (a Cheyenne chief) and Big Tree (a Kiowa chief) in the center. "LIBERTY" written at the top right side clockwise. Date at the bottom left side. Designer’s initial “F” is below the Date. No mint mark belongs to Philadelphia, USA.

Reverse: "UNITED·STATES·OF·AMERICA" written at the top. "E PLURIBUS UNUM" written at the top right side in three lines. American Bison (commonly called Buffalo) standing facing left. " FIVE CENTS" written at the bottom. Mintage: 23,411,000. Mintage Years: [see under 1917]. Engraver: James Earle Fraser (both sides).

Note: This coin is commonly known by coin collectors as "Buffalo Nickel with flat ground". The mint mark "D" or "S" is seen below the word "FIVE CENTS" at the bottom. In 1913 the reverse design was modified so the ground under the buffalo was represented as a line rather than a mound. The mound types of 1913 are referred as KM#133. On the 1937D 3-legged variety, the buffalo's right front leg is missing, the result of a damaged die.

 
1929
 

KM#132 1 cent. Year: 1929. Weight: 3.07 g [3.11 g]. Metal: Bronze. Diameter: 19.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Philadelphia, USA. Obverse: "IN GOD WE TRUST" motto at the top. Right facing profile of President Abraham Lincoln. "LIBERTY" written at the left side horizontally. Date at the chest of Abraham Lincoln. "V.D.B" written at 7 o'clock near the edge.
Reverse: "E·PLURIBUS·UNUM" (Latin for "Out of many, one") written at the top. "ONE CENT" written at the upper part and "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in two line at the lower part in the center. Wheat ears surrounding lettering on both sides. Mintage: 185,262,000. Mintage Years: [see under 1909 VDB]. Engraver: Victor David Brenner (both sides).

KM#145 Quarter Dollar (25 cents). Year: 1929S. Weight: 6.07 g [6.25 g]. Metal: 0.900 Silver. Diameter: 24.30 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Coin. Mint: San Francisco, USA. Obverse: "LIBERTY" written at the top. Walking Liberty in the center, looking over her left shoulder, holding a shield in the left hand and an olive branch in the right. Motto: "IN GOD" on the left and  "WE TRVST" written at right side. 7 Stars on the left side and 6 stars on the right side besides the legs. Date at the bottom. KM#145 is for covered left breast types.
Reverse: "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" written at the top in three line. Eagle flying right in the center. "E·PLVRIBVS VNVM" (Latin for "Out of many, one") written above the Eagle in two lines. Five Stars on each side. Three stars are below the Eagle. "QUARTER DOLLAR" written at the bottom. Mintage: 1,764,000. Mintage Years: [see under 1926]. Engraver: Hermon Atkins MacNeil (both sides). This coin is commonly known by coin collectors as "Standing Liberty Quarter". On the second type KM#145, the Liberty's breast is covered by chainmail. From 1925 to 1930, the date was recessed, so that it wouldn't wear flat. "S" mint mark on the right side of the 7th Star (bottom star) on the left side vertical row of stars, belongs to San Franscisco, USA. Engraver's initials "M" is written on the right side of the 6th Star (bottom star) on the right side vertical row of stars.
 
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