Lahore
 
In north-central Pakistan, about 20 miles from the Indian frontier. This place is the source for the fabled Koh-I-Noor diamond, once a possession of the Royal Family, and now one of the chief Crown Jewels of Great Britain.
 
               28 Jan 1757 Punjab annexed by Afghanistan.
               07 Apr 1799 The Sikh military organization occupies Lahaur (Lahore).
                      1805 Pa˝jab (Punjab) state established.
        1816 - 17 Jun 1822 Jammu annexed to the Punjab.
 05 Jul 1819 - 15 Mar 1846 Kashmir annexed to the Punjab.
               09 Mar 1846 British protectorate.
               22 Feb 1849 Sikh ruler deposed.
               08 Apr 1849 Punjab incorporated into British India.
               15 Aug 1947 Partitioned between India (Amritsar) and Pakistan (Lahore).
 
  • Harappa..............................................c. 2500 - c. 1750
  • Aryan invasions from 1600/1400 BCE
  • Kingdom of Purus ?
  • Poros (Paurava ?; Purushotamma ?)..................fl. < 330 - 321/15
  • "Poros" was the leader of a local state in the Lahore-Kashmir region who strongly resisted the onslaught of the Macedonian invasion. Though unsuccessful, his defense was so spirited that Alexander spared him and retain him as vassal within his lands. He is known only through Hellenic sources - Vedic sources do not refer to him or his state. The Purus were a tribe known to have been active in that general region about the same time.
  • Malayketu.............................................c. 320 - 317
    Malayketu succeeded his father Poros after possibly colluding in the latter's assassination by the Macedonian satrap Eudamus. He fought against Antigonus with Eumenes at the Battle of Gabiene and was killed in combat.
  • The Mauryan Empire....................................c. 315 - c. 200
  • Unknown rulers
  • Bactria (Menandrid)...................................c. 150 - c. 130
  • Sakae (local rule by Bactrian vassals)................c. 130 - c. 80
  • Suren, as a Parthian client............................c. 80 - c. 60
  • Suren, as a Kushanid client........................c. 60 BCE - c. 125 CE >
  • The Kushan Empire withered from the 3rd century and began fragmenting as local provinces sought autonomy. One such region was the Kidara Confederacy, stretching across what is now northern Pakistan, from Jammu and Kashmir in the east, to Lahore and Peshawar in the west.
  • Kidara Confederacy
  • Kidara..........................................................fl. c. 340
  • Unknown rulers
  • Hephthalite (White Hun) invasions, 5th and 6th centuries.
  • Prophet Muhammad's elected successors.....................652 - 661
  • Umayyad Caliphate.........................................661 - 750
  • Abbasid Caliphate.........................................750 - 867
  • Persia....................................................867 - 900
  • Bokhara...................................................900 - 999
  • The Ghaznavid Empire......................................999 - 1090's
  • The Seljuqs............................................1090's - 1152
  • Ghurid Empire (Afghanistan)..............................1152 - 1215
  • Khwarazm.................................................1215 - 1221
  • Mongols and Il-Khanate successors........................1221 - 1398
  • City destroyed and district depopulated from 1398 to 1422.
  • Delhi....................................................1422 - 1524
  • The Mughal Empire........................................1524 - 1740
  • Some of the coins struck at Lahore in my collection by Mughal Emperors: Jahangir [Salim] (1605-1627), Farrukh-Siyar (1714-1719) and Rafi ul-Daulah Shah Jahan II (in 1719 only), can be seen on above web link.
  • Persia...................................................1740 - 1747
  • Afghanistan..............................................1747 - 1799
  • Taimur Shah minted coins on his name as Nizam (Governor) at Lahore (1756-1760 CE).
  • Sikh Empire..............................................1799 - 22 Feb 1849
  • Great Britain.....................................22 Feb 1849 - 15 Aug 1947
  • British Residents (to 01 Jan 1847, Agent)
    • Henry Montgomery Lawrence.......................Mar 1846 - 04 Mar 1848
    • Frederick Currie................................Mar 1848 - 29 Mar 1849
  • Partitioned between India and Pakistan.
 
 
 
Pakistan's province of Punjab.
Countries / Territories
 
Chiefa Coins