British India coinage under George VI 1938-1947.
 
After the death of King George V his son, King Edward VIII became the King, but abdicated before the coronation. No coins were minted using his portrait. His younger brother the Duke of York was crowned as King George VI in May 1937 and the first coin of India with his effigy was minted in 1938. After the outbreak of World War II in 1939, the price of silver started going up, in practice the silver coins became valuable then the value written on them. This led to reducing the use of silver in coins. The 1940 1/4-Rupee, 1/2-Rupee and One Rupee coins were reduced from 0.917 silver to 0.500 silver (there were a limited number of 1939 Rupees minted in 0.500 silver).

Mainly there is no mint mark for Calcutta, the Bombay issues have a small dot or diamond (commonly known as reverse B) under the lotus flower, near the bottom of the coin and the Lahore mint used a small "L" in the same position.

 
  • Governor General and Viceroy of India
  • King George VI ruled from 12 Dec 1936 to Indian Independence on 15 Aug 1947.
  • Victor Alexander John Hope, Marquess of Linlithgow......18 Apr 1936 - 31 Mar 1937
  • Victor Alexander John Hope, Marquess of Linlithgow continued from 31 Mar 1937 as Governor-General and Crown Representative of India according to Indian Act of 1935 until 01 Oct 1943.
  • Governor General and Crown Representative of India
  • Victor Alexander John Hope, Marquess of Linlithgow......31 Mar 1937 - 01 Oct 1943
    • Baron Brabourne (official during his absence).........Jun 1938 - Oct 1938  
  • Archibald Percival Wavell, Viscount (Earl) Wavell.......01 Oct 1943 - 21 Feb 1947
    • Sir John Colville (official during his absence)..................1945
  • Louis Francis Mountbatten...............................21 Feb 1947 - 15 Aug 1947
  • He is known as Viscount (Earl) Mountbatten of Burma and became the last Viceroy of United India. He later becam,e the first Governor-General of Indian Dominion from 15 Aug 1947 to 21 June 1948, according to Indian Independence Act (except in Nov 1947, when he was on leave).
     
  • Provisional Government of Free India (Arzi Hukumate-e-Azad Hind)
  • Subhas Chandra Bose................................21 Oct 1943 - 18 Aug 1945
  • Head of State of Provisional Government of Free India proclaimed at Singapore, recognized by Axis Powers; administering the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, only from Dec 1943 to Aug 1945.
 
Currency: Rupee = 16 Annas = 64 Pice = 192 Pies (Mohur = 15 Rupees).
 
Distinguish between First Head with high relief and Second Head with low relief:
  • In First Head the two fleurs de lis on the royal crown are larger and extend upward to touch the beaded crest at the top of the crown, while the two fleurs de lis on the crown of the Second Head are smaller and extended upward to touch only the line on the crown below the beaded crest.
  • In First Head with high relief the lines coming upwards from the center of the crown are curved and touches the beads. Second Head with low relief has straight lines, coming upwards from the center of the crown and does not touch the beads.
  • First Head with high relief has small triangles on left and right in the center of the crown while there are large triangles for Second Head with low relief.
 
1/12 Anna (One Pie)
 
KM#526 1/12 Anna (Pie). Weight: 1.62g [1.63 - 1.69g]. Metal: Bronze. Diameter: 17.5 mm [17.30 - 17.50 mm]. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay) and Kolkata (Calcutta). Obverse: Date and denomination within circle, wreath surrounds. Reverse: Crowned bust facing left with legends "GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR". First Head, Small head, high relief, small triangles on left and right in the center of the crown. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1939 + Kolkata (Calcutta): 1938-1939 (1938 dated coins are in Proof only). 

Note: Kolkata (Calcutta) Mint issues have no mint mark. Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a small raised dot below the date. In Bombay mint there is also a small diamond mark seen below any alphabet of word "EMPEROR".

 

Year: 1939. Weight: 1.58g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 17,406,517.

Year: 1939. Weight: 1.60g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 8,601,600.
 
KM#527 1/12 Anna (Pie). Weight: 1.62g [1.63 - 1.69g]. Metal: Bronze. Diameter: 17.5 mm [17.30 - 17.50 mm]. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay) and Kolkata (Calcutta). Obverse: Date and denomination within circle, wreath surrounds. Reverse: Crowned bust facing left with legends "GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR". Second Head, Small head, low relief, large triangles on left and right in the center of the crown. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1939 and 1941-1942 + Kolkata (Calcutta): 1938-1939 (1938 dated coins are only restrike issues and 1939 are doubtful).

Note: Kolkata (Calcutta) Mint issues have no mint mark. Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a small raised dot below the date except for those dated 1942 which have a dot on either side of ANNA and the date, and one dot after INDIA (making 1942 issue with five dots). In Bombay mint there is also a small diamond mark seen below any alphabet of word "EMPEROR". Key date coin: 1939(C) with mintage: 5,245,000.

 

Year: 1939. Weight: 1.57g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 31,306,452.

Year: 1941. Weight: 1.66g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 6,136,504.

Year: 1942. Weight: 1.63g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 6,124,109.

Note: 1942 which have a dot on either side of ANNA and the date, and one dot after INDIA (making 1942 issue with five dots). No dot below the Date.

 
 
1/2 Pice
 
KM#528 1/2 Pice. Weight: 2.43g [2.40 - 2.50g]. Metal: Bronze. Diameter: 21.0 mm [21.10 - 21.40g]. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Obverse: Date and denomination within circle, wreath surrounds. Reverse: Crowned bust facing left with legends "GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR". First Head, Small head, high relief, small triangles on left and right in the center of the crown. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1939 + Kolkata (Calcutta): 1938-1940 (1938 coins only exits in Proof and as restrike issues).

Note: Kolkata (Calcutta) Mint issues have no mint mark. Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a small raised dot below the date. In Bombay mint there is also a small diamond mark seen below any alphabet of word "EMPEROR". KM#529 Second head, dated 1938-1939 by Kolkata (Calcutta) mint were issued in Proof only while 1942 issued by Mumbai (Bombay) mint are also produced in Proof only. Second head has small head with low relief and dots before and after the date.

 

Year: 1938. Weight: 2.43g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: N/A (Proof or restrike issue).

Year: 1939. Weight: 2.41g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 9,343,063.

Year: 1939. Weight: 2.43g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 17,356,800.

Year: 1940. Weight: 2.37g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 23,769,600.
 
 
Quarter Anna (One Pice)
 
KM#530 Quarter Anna. Weight: 4.85g [4.83 - 4.91g]. Metal: Bronze. Diameter: 25.0 mm [25.20 - 25.50 mm]. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay) and Kolkata (Calcutta). Obverse: Date and denomination within circle, wreath surrounds. Reverse: Crowned bust facing left with legends "GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR". First Head, Small head, high relief, small triangles on left and right in the center of the crown. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1938-1940 (1941 issue exists only in Proof) + Kolkata (Calcutta): 1938-1939 (1942 issue exists only in Proof).

Note: Kolkata (Calcutta) Mint issues have no mint mark. Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a small raised dot above N in ONE. In Bombay mint there is also a small diamond mark seen below any alphabet of word "EMPEROR".

 

Year: 1938. Weight: 4.82g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 16,796,000.

Note: Narrow date variety. This coin has nine dots within center circle. One dot on the top of "N" in ONE, Two dots before and after "ONE". Two dots before and after "ANNA". Two dots before and after "INDIA and Two before and after the Date. Key date coin.

Same as above coin with nine dots within center circle but has Wide Date like Calcutta Mint.

Weight: 4.80g.

Same as above coin with Wide Date but missing dots before and after "ONE". Therefore it has total seven dots instead of nine dots within center circle.

Weight: 4.80g.

Year: 1938. Weight: 4.81g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 33,792,000.

Year: 1939. Weight: 4.83g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 60,170,665.

Year: 1939. Weight: 4.77g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 78,278,400.

Year: 1940. Weight: 4.76g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 116,720,919.
 
Other Bombay types:
 

Year: 1938. Weight: 4.87g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: N/A (Proof or Pattern issue).

Note: Narrow date and nine dots variety but Diamond below R in "QUARTER". Two small diamonds between two N's in "ANNA".

 
Year: 1938. Weight: 4.82g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: N/A.

Note: Wide Date and nine dots variety with One small diamond between two N's in "ANNA".

 
Year: 1938. Weight: 4.77g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: N/A.

Note: Wide Date and nine dots variety with Two small diamond between two N's in "ANNA".

 
Year: 1939. Weight: 4.87g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: N/A.

Note: Two small diamond between two N's in "ANNA".

 
 
KM#531 Quarter Anna. Weight: 4.86g [4.83 - 4.91g]. Metal: Bronze. Diameter: 25.0 mm [25.20 - 25.50 mm]. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay) and Kolkata (Calcutta). Obverse: Date and denomination within circle, wreath surrounds. Reverse: Crowned bust facing left with legends "GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR". Second Head, Large head, low relief, large triangles on left and right in the center of the crown. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1940-1942 + Kolkata (Calcutta): 1940-1942.

Note: Kolkata (Calcutta) Mint issues have no mint mark. Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a small raised dot above N in ONE. In Bombay mint there is also a small diamond mark seen below any alphabet of word "EMPEROR".

 

Year: 1940. Weight: 4.79g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 116,720,919 (including 1940B of KM#530).

Year: 1940. Weight: 4.85g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 140,409,600.

Year: 1941. Weight: 4.83g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 1,446,151.

Note: Key date coin with lowest mintage.

Year: 1941. Weight: 4.82g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 121,107,200.

Year: 1942. Weight: 4.81g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 8,768,351.

Year: 1942. Weight: 4.80g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 34,297,600.
 
Other Bombay types:
 

Year: 1940. Weight: 4.91g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: N/A.

Note: One small diamond between two N's in "ANNA".

Year: 1941. Weight: 4.79g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: N/A.

Note: Dot below Date instead of above N in "ONE".

Year: 1942. Weight: 4.81g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: N/A.

Note: Dot below Date instead of above N in "ONE".

 
 
KM#532 / KM#533 1 Pice (Quarter Anna). Weight: 1.94g [1.71 - 1.99g]. Metal: Bronze. Diameter: 21.3 mm [21.20-21.50 mm]. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint:  Mumbai (Bombay), Kolkata (Calcutta), Lahore and Pretoria. Obverse: Central hole with imperial crown above. Around the upper half of the hole is the English legend divided by the crown: 1 PICE INDIA. Around the lower half is the value in Hindi (left) and Urdu (right) separated by the date in the center. All within a raised, toothed rim. Engraver: Albert Pearson Spencer. Reverse: Around the central hole is a serpentine wreath of vine leaves. All within a raised, toothed rim.

There are three types of the crown, which is on the obverse at the top and are designated as (RC) Round Crown, (HC) High Crown, and (FC) Flat Crown. Note: KM#532 Pice dated 1943 has a small date, small legends with Round crown were only produced by Mumbai (Bombay) mint. 16 varieties of One Pice produced are listed as below:

  • Mumbai (Bombay) - 8 varieties:
    • 1943 (RC with diamond below date, HC with large dot below date).
    • 1944 (HC with large dot over diamond below date, HC with diamond below date, FC with large dot below date).
    • 1945 (FC with diamond below date, FC with large dot below date).
    • 1947 (HC with diamond below date).
  • Kolkata (Calcutta) - 3 varieties:
    • 1944 (HC with no mint mark below date).
    • 1945 (FC with no mint mark below date).
    • 1947 (HC with no mint mark below date).
  • Lahore - 3 varieties:
    • 1944 (HC with raised "L" below the date, HC with raised "l" below the date).
    • 1945 (FC with raised "L" below the date).
  • Pretoria, South Africa 2 varieties:
    • 1943 (HC small dot below date).
    • 1944 (HC small dot below date).
 

Year: 1943. Weight: 1.83g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 164,659,200 (including dot issues dated 1943).

Note: Round Crown with diamond below the date. This is the only type listed as KM#532

Year: 1943. Weight: 1.89g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: N/A (including Round Crown issues dated 1943).

Note: High Crown with large dot below the large date.

Year: 1943. Weight: 1.91g. Mint: Pretoria. Mintage: 98,997,406.

Note: High Crown with small dot below the date.

Year: 1944. Weight: 1.84g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 195,353,600 (including below two coins).

Note: High Crown with dot over diamond below the date.

Year: 1944. Weight: 1.98g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: N/A (including below coin).

Note: High Crown with diamond below the date.

Year: 1944. Weight: 1.86g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: N/A (including above two coins).

Note: Flat Crown with large dot below the date.

Year: 1944. Weight: 1.85g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 17,728,146 (Proof issues also exists).

Note: High Crown with no mintmark below the date.

Year: 1944. Weight: 1.97g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: 29,801,600 (including "L" issues).

Note: High Crown with "I" below the date.

Year: 1944. Weight: 1.92g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: N/A (including "I" issues).

Note: High Crown with "L" below the date.

Year: 1944. Weight: 1.91g. Mint: Pretoria. Mintage: 141,002,594.

Note: High Crown with small dot below the date.

Year: 1945. Weight: 1.93g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 237,196,800 (including below coin).

Note: Flat Crown with diamond below the date. 

Year: 1945. Weight: 1.87g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 237,196,800 (including above coin).

Note: Flat Crown with dot below the date. 

Year: 1945. Weight: 2.03g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 138,594,000.

Note: Flat Crown with no mintmark below the date.

Year: 1945. Weight: 1.92g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: 238,825,000 (119,171,200 were actually struck during 1946-1947).

Note: Flat Crown with "L" below the date.

Year: 1947. Weight: 1.86g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 43,654,400.

Note: High Crown with diamond below the date.

Year: 1947. Weight: 1.88g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 153,702,080.

Note: High Crown with no mintmark below the date.

 
Error types:
 

Same as above coin which is having Flat Crown and diamond below the date.

Year: 1945. Weight: 1.95g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay).

Note: The center hole is not properly cut.  

 
 
Half Anna
 
KM#534b.1 Half Anna. Weight: 2.92g [2.80 - 2.96g]. Metal: Nickel-Brass. Diameter: 17.30 - 19.90 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Obverse: 1/2 dividing the word AN NA and surrounded by the legend: INDIA with date. All within an ornamental square. Between each of the outer sides of the square and each corner of the rim is the value in native languages: Urdu, Telugu, Nagari and Bengali. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left and surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR, within a raised and toothed circular border. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1942 and 1945 (Proof / restrike issues 1942-1945).

Note: Bombay mint struck only with the dates 1942 and 1945, denoted by INDIA without dots before and after. Calcutta mint has dots each side of INDIA (see below). Bombay later produced proof-like restrikes using old dies from Bombay and Calcutta indiscriminately; they are all attributed here to Bombay. Source: Pridmore.

 

Year: 1942. Weight: 2.93g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 7,944,994 (including below coin).

Note: Dot below the Neck of George VI. No Dot before and after "INDIA".

Same as above coin, but...

Weight: 2.93g.

Note: No Dot below the Neck of George VI. No Dot before and after "INDIA".

Year: 1945. Weight: 2.89g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 6,264,000.

Note: Dot below the Neck of George VI. No Dot before and after "INDIA".

 
KM#534b.2 Half Anna. Weight: 2.87g [2.80 - 2.96g]. Metal: Nickel-Brass. Diameter: 17.30 x 17.30 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Obverse: 1/2 dividing the word AN NA and surrounded by the legend: INDIA with date. All within an ornamental square. Between each of the outer sides of the square and each corner of the rim is the value in native languages: Urdu, Telugu, Nagari and Bengali. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left and surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR, within a raised and toothed circular border. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Kolkata (Calcutta): 1942-1945 (KM#534 exists as Proof issue dated 1940 by Calcutta mint).

Note: The Calcutta Mint struck this denomination each year 1942-1945, denoted by a dot before and after the word INDIA. Calcutta also issued proof coins each year.

 

Normal Flower Type.
Year: 1942. Weight: 2.87g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 159,000,000 (including all 1942 Calcutta types below).

Note: Dot below the Neck of George VI. Normal Flower Type at the top of George VI side.

Same as above coin, but...

Weight: 2.90g.

Note: No Dot below the Neck of George VI. Normal Flower Type at the top of George VI side.

Year: 1943. Weight: 2.93g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 437,760,000 (including all 1943 Calcutta types below).

Note: Dot below the Neck of George VI. Normal Flower Type at the top of George VI side.

Same as above coin, but...

Weight: 2.87g.

Note: No Dot below the Neck of George VI.

Incuse Flower Type.
Weight: 2.85g.

Note: Dot below the Neck of George VI. Incuse Flower Type at the top of George VI side.

Year: 1944. Weight: 2.88g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 514,800,000 (including all 1944 Calcutta types below).

Note: Dot below the Neck of George VI. Normal Flower Type at the top of George VI side.

 

Same as above coin, but...

Weight: 2.85g.

Note: Diamond mark above first "N" in ANNA or below "N" in "INDIA". Dot below the Neck of George VI. Normal Flower Type at the top of George VI side.

Same as above coin, but...

Weight: 2.84g.

Note: Dot below the Neck of George VI. Incuse Flower Type at the top of George VI side. Broken first R makes "EMPEKOR".

Same as above coin, but...

Weight: 2.80g.

Note: No Dot below the Neck of George VI. Incuse Flower Type at the top of George VI side.

Year: 1945. Weight: 2.85g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 215,732,000.

Note: Dot below the Neck of George VI. Normal Flower Type at the top of George VI side.

 
KM#534b.3 Half Anna. Weight: 2.87g [2.80 - 2.96g]. Metal: Nickel-Brass. Diameter: 17.30 x 17.30 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Obverse: 1/2 dividing the word AN NA and surrounded by the legend: INDIA with date. All within an ornamental square. Between each of the outer sides of the square and each corner of the rim is the value in native languages: Urdu, Telugu, Nagari and Bengali. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left and surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR, within a raised and toothed circular border. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Lahore: 1942-1945.

Note: KM#534b.3 does not exists in Krause publication but I added it for Lahore types. Lahore Mint struck this denomination each year 1942-1945, denoted by a diamond below any alphabet in word EMPEROR. It also has a dot before and after the word INDIA. In 1943 issue, the Diamond mark is on the upper right side beside the Dot below the neck. Diamond mark may or may not be seen on the value side as well. Mintage of these coins are not recorded but most probably added with Calcutta mintage due to difficulty, distinguishing between them.

 

  Year: 1942. Weight: 2.89g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: N/A.

Diamond mark below "P" in EMPEROR. Normal Flower Type at the top of George VI side.

Year: 1943. Weight: 2.84g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: N/A.

Note: Large diamond mark on the upper right side of the Dot below the Neck of George VI. Normal Flower Type at the top of George VI side.

Same as above coin, but...

Weight: 2.95g.

Note: Small diamond mark on the upper right side of the Dot below the Neck of George VI. Normal Flower Type at the top of George VI side.

Year: 1944. Weight: 2.87g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: N/A.

Note: Dot below the Neck of George VI. Diamond mark below "E" in EMPEROR. Incuse Flower Type at the top of George VI side.

Same as above coin, but... Weight: 2.95g.

Note: Dot below the Neck of George VI. Diamond mark below "P" in EMPEROR. Incuse Flower Type at the top of George VI side. Also Diamond mark seen on the right side of Digit "2".

Same as above coin, but...

Weight: 2.84g.

Note: Small diamond mark below the Neck of George VI. Also Diamond mark below "ER" in EMPEROR. Incuse Flower Type at the top of George VI side.

Same as above coin, but...

Weight: 2.95g.

Note: Dot mark below the Neck of George VI. Also Diamond mark below "RO" and right side of last "R" in EMPEROR. Incuse Flower Type at the top of George VI side.

  Year: 1945. Weight: 2.90g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: N/A.

Note: Dot below the Neck of George VI. Diamond mark below "ER" and "O" in EMPEROR. Normal Flower Type at the top of George VI side.

 

Year: 1945. Weight: 2.75g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: N/A.

Note: Dot below the Neck of George VI. Diamond mark below "R" in EMPEROR. Incuse Flower Type at the top of George VI side.

 
KM#535.1 Half Anna. Weight: 2.90g [2.80 - 2.96g]. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 17.30 x 17.30 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Obverse: 1/2 dividing the word AN NA and surrounded by the legend: INDIA with date. All within an ornamental square. Between each of the outer sides of the square and each corner of the rim is the value in native languages: Urdu, Telugu, Nagari and Bengali. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left and surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR, within a raised and toothed circular border. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1946-1947.

Note: Mumbai (Bombay) also struck in 1946 and 1947 as KM#535.1, weighed 2.87g, the 1946 issue denoted by a small dot in the center of the dashes (the normal dash seen in Calcutta coins is actually split into two smaller dashes having a dot in between) before and after the date (as well as a dot before and after INDIA, like Calcutta); the characteristics of the 1947 Bombay issue have not been determined but are thought also to resemble the 1946 issue. This denomination is also reported to have been struck in a quantity of 50,829,000 pieces in 1946 at the new Lahore Mint but no way of distinguishing this issue has been found. Later, coin collectors have discovered that Lahore Mint struck this denomination in 1946 and 1947, like Calcutta mint, it has no small dot in the center of the dashes on both sides of the Date and also has like Bombay mint a small diamond mark below any alphabet in EMPEROR. The proof issue in 1946 was struck by Mumbai (Bombay), not Calcutta. Source: Pridmore.

 

Year: 1946. Weight: 2.93g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay).  Mintage: 48,744,000.

Note: Dot in dashes on each side of the Date.

Year: 1947. Weight: 2.97g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay).  Mintage: 24,144,000.

Note: Dot in dashes on each side of the Date.

 
KM#535.2 Half Anna. Weight: 2.90g [2.80 - 2.96g]. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 17.30 x 17.30 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Obverse: 1/2 dividing the word AN NA and surrounded by the legend: INDIA with date. All within an ornamental square. Between each of the outer sides of the square and each corner of the rim is the value in native languages: Urdu, Telugu, Nagari and Bengali. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left and surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR, within a raised and toothed circular border. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Kolkata (Calcutta): 1946-1947.

Note: The Calcutta Mint has no small dot in the center of the dashes on both sides of the Date. It looks like a normal dash on both sides.

 

Year: 1946. Weight: 2.93g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 75,159,000.

Year: 1947. Weight: 2.89g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 126,392,000.
 
KM#535.3 Half Anna. Weight: 2.90g [2.80 - 2.96g]. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 17.30 x 17.30 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Obverse: 1/2 dividing the word AN NA and surrounded by the legend: INDIA with date. All within an ornamental square. Between each of the outer sides of the square and each corner of the rim is the value in native languages: Urdu, Telugu, Nagari and Bengali. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left and surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR, within a raised and toothed circular border. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Lahore: 1946-1947.

Note: KM#535.3 does not exists in Krause publication but I added it for Lahore types. Lahore Mint struck this denomination each year 1946-1947, like Calcutta mint, it has no small dot in the center of the dashes on both sides of the Date and also has like Bombay mint a small diamond mark below any alphabet in EMPEROR. Diamond mark may or may not be seen on the value side as well like above the first "N" in "ANNA". Mintage of these coins are not recorded but most probably added with Calcutta mintage due to difficulty, distinguishing between them.

 

Year: 1947. Weight: 2.92g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: N/A.

Note: Diamond mark above first "N" in ANNA or below "N" in "INDIA". Diamond mark below "ER" in "EMPEROR". There is another diamond mark on this coin between "R" and "G" in "GEORGE".

Note: Another variety of 1/2 Anna 1947 Lahore. Diamond marks above first "N" in ANNA. Diamond mark also seen below "E" in "EMPEROR". Weight: 2.85g.
 
 
One Anna
 
KM#536 One Anna. Weight: 3.88g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 21.0 mm - 12 sided shape. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay) and Kolkata (Calcutta). Obverse: A large numeral 1 dividing the word ANNA. Above the numeral is the word INDIA and below is the date. All within a decorative diamond. Along each outer side of the diamond is the value in one of four native languages: Urdu, Telugu, Nagari and Bengali. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR. First head with high relief and smaller triangles on left and right in the center of the crown. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1938-1940 + Kolkata (Calcutta): 1938-1940.

Note: Calcutta mint issues have no mint mark. Bombay mint have a small, raised bead or dot below the date. In Bombay mint there is also a small diamond mark seen below any alphabet of word "EMPEROR". Key date coin: 1938(B) with mintage: 3,126,202.

 

Year: 1938. Weight: 3.70g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 3,126,202.

Year: 1938. Weight: 3.78g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 7,128,000.

Year: 1939. Weight: 3.93g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 36,156,637.

Year: 1939. Weight: 3.88g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 18,192,000.

Year: 1940. Weight: 3.79g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: N/A.

Year: 1940. Weight: 3.82g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 60,945,000.
 
KM#537 One Anna. Weight: 3.88g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 21.0 mm - 12 sided shape. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay) and Kolkata (Calcutta). Obverse: A large numeral 1 dividing the word ANNA. Above the numeral is the word INDIA and below is the date. All within a decorative diamond. Along each outer side of the diamond is the value in one of four native languages: Urdu, Telugu, Nagari and Bengali. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR. Second head, low relief with large triangles on left and right in the center of the crown. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1939-1941 + Kolkata (Calcutta): 1940-1941.

Note: Calcutta mint issues have no mint mark. Bombay mint have a small, raised bead or dot below the date. In Bombay mint there is also a small diamond mark seen below any alphabet of word "EMPEROR".

 

Year: 1939. Weight: 3.76g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: N/A.

Note: Unlisted Date of 1939 with 2nd head.

Year: 1940. Weight: 3.85g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 144,712,054.

Year: 1940. Weight: 3.87g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 76,392,000.

Year: 1941. Weight: 3.85g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 40,169,575.

Year: 1941. Weight: 3.86g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 62,480,000.
 
KM#537a One Anna. Weight: 3.88g. Metal: Nickel-Brass. Diameter: 21.0 mm - 12 sided shape. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay) and Kolkata (Calcutta). Obverse: A large numeral 1 dividing the word ANNA. Above the numeral is the word INDIA and below is the date. All within a decorative diamond. Along each outer side of the diamond is the value in one of four native languages: Urdu, Telugu, Nagari and Bengali. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR. Second head, low relief with large triangles on left and right in the center of the crown. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1942-1945 + Kolkata (Calcutta): 1942-1945 + Lahore: 1945.

Note: Calcutta mint issues have no mint mark. Bombay mint have a small, raised bead or dot below the date. In Bombay mint there is also a small diamond mark seen below any alphabet of word "EMPEROR".

 

Year: 1942. Weight: 3.81g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 103,240,004.

Year: 1942. Weight: 3.84g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 194,056,000.

Year: 1943. Weight: 3.85g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 134,500,000 (including below type).

Digit "9" has small tail in Date.

Same as above coin, but different style of date. Weight: 3.93g.

Digit "9" has long tail in Date. Digit "4" has bended ends. Digit "3" is closer to digit "4". Scarce type.

Year: 1943. Weight: 3.92g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 352,256,000.

Year: 1944. Weight: 3.91g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 175,208,000 (including below type).

Small tail of digit "9" in Date. Scarce type.

Same as above coin, but different style of date.

Weight: 3.90g.

Long tail of digit "9" in Date.

Year: 1944. Weight: 3.81g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 457,608,000.

Year: 1945. Weight: 3.80g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 61,228,000.

Year: 1945. Weight: 3.86g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 278,360,000.
Note: According to Krause publication, KM#539 shows 1945 1 Anna issue with smaller head of George VI issued from Bombay and Calcutta mints as well. Surprisingly, 1 Anna 1945 in both KM#537a and KM#539 shows the same mintage; Bombay (Mintage: 61,228,000) and Calcutta (Mintage: 278,360,000). Based on this information, perhaps KM#539 issue might not exits ?

Year: 1945. Weight: 3.94g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: N/A.

Note: Like Calcutta mint this coin does not have dot below the date and also as Bombay mint having a diamond mark below "E" in "EMPEROR", making it a Lahore mint coin.

 
KM#538 One Anna. Weight: 3.88g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 21.0 mm - 12 sided shape. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay), Kolkata (Calcutta) and Lahore. Obverse: A numeral 1 dividing the word ANNA. Above the numeral is the word INDIA and below is the date. All within a decorative diamond. Along each outer side of the diamond is the value in one of four native languages: Urdu, Telugu, Nagari and Bengali. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR. Second head, low relief with large triangles on left and right in the center of the crown. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1946-1947 + Kolkata (Calcutta): 1946-1947 + Lahore: 1946.

Note: Calcutta mint issues have no mint mark. Bombay mint have a small, raised bead or dot below the date. In Bombay mint there is also a small diamond mark seen below any alphabet of word "EMPEROR". Lahore mint have Calcutta date side without dot below the date with Bombay mint George VI side having a small diamond mark below any alphabet of word "EMOEROR" . The numerical 1 on these coins are small than the above ones including KM#539 dated 1945. The difference between KM#538 (dated 1946-1947) and KM#539 (dated 1945) is that the 1945 issues have a larger second head and crown. The 1945 issues were produced both by Bombay and Calcutta mints.  

 

Year: 1946. Weight: 3.84g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 82,052,000.

Year: 1946. Weight: 3.96g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 100,820,000.

Year: 1946. Weight: 3.80g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: 48,792,000.

Note: Like Calcutta mint this coin does not have dot below the date but as a diamond mark below "RO" in "EMPEROR". Surprisingly various Diamond marks can be seen around "ANNA" and other places on the Date side of this coin. Lahore Mint, is usually denoted by a diamond mark below any alphabet under EMPEROR.

Year: 1947. Weight: 3.86g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 50,096,000 (including below coin).

Note: Crown tip is far from "N" in "KING". This type is considered as normal circulated coin.

Same as above coin, but... Weight: 3.83g.

Note: Crown tip is close to "N" in "KING". This type is considered as Mule.

Year: 1947. Weight: 3.85g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 148,656,000 (including below coin).

Note: Crown tip is far from "N" in "KING". This type is considered as Mule.

Same as above coin, but... Weight: 3.87g.

Note: Crown tip is close to "N" in "KING". This type is considered as normal circulated coin.

 

Year: 1947. Weight: 3.85g. Mint: Lahore (doubtful; otherwise Bombay). Mintage: N/A.

Note: Usually Lahore mint coins are based on Calcutta Date side but surprisingly this coin has Bombay Date Type, having Dot below the Date. Diamond mark below "E" in "EMPEROR" as in Bombay mint. But this coin also has extra Diamond marks seen in the crown and on the upper left side of the Dot below the neck of George VI.

 
 
Two Annas
 
KM#540 Two Annas. Weight: 5.83g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 22.3 mm - 25.5 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay) and Kolkata (Calcutta). Obverse: A large numeral 2 dividing the word ANN AS. Below the 2 is the legend in two lines: INDIA with date. All this within a double quatrefoil. Within each scallop of the quatrefoil is the value in one of four native languages: Urdu, Telugu, Nagari and Bengali. Between the quatrefoil and each of the four corners of the rim is a winged ornament. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR. First head with high relief and smaller triangles on left and right in the center of the crown. All this with a serrated circle. Outside the circle in each corner on a raised table is a winged ornament. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1939-1940 + Kolkata (Calcutta): 1939.

Note: Kolkata (Calcutta) Mint issues have no mint mark. Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a small dot before and after the date. In Bombay mint there is also a small diamond mark seen below any alphabet of word word "EMPEROR".

 

Year: 1939. Weight: 5.75g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 3,392,309 (including below 2nd head).

Year: 1939. Weight: 5.72g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 4,148,000 (including below 2nd head).

Year: 1940. Weight: 5.71g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: N/A.

Note: Unlisted Date of 1940 with 1st head.

 
KM#541 Two Annas. Weight: 5.83g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 22.3 mm - 25.5 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay) and Kolkata (Calcutta). Obverse: A large numeral 2 dividing the word ANN AS. Below the 2 is the legend in two lines: INDIA with date. All this within a double quatrefoil. Within each scallop of the quatrefoil is the value in one of four native languages: Urdu, Telugu, Nagari and Bengali. Between the quatrefoil and each of the four corners of the rim is a winged ornament. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR. Second head, low relief, large crown and larger triangles on left and right in the center of the crown. All this with a serrated circle. Outside the circle in each corner on a raised table is a winged ornament. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1939-1941 + Kolkata (Calcutta): 1939-1941.

Note: Kolkata (Calcutta) Mint issues have no mint mark. Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a small dot before and after the date. In Bombay mint there is also a small diamond mark seen below any alphabet of word word "EMPEROR".

 

Year: 1939. Weight: 5.75g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: (including above 1st head).

Year: 1939. Weight: 5.76g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: (including above 1st head).

Year: 1940. Weight: 5.75g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 50,599,037.

Year: 1940. Weight: 5.69g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 37,636,000.

Year: 1941. Weight: 5.83g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 10,760,119.

Year: 1941. Weight: 5.78g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 63,456,000.
 
KM#541a Two Annas. Weight: 5.83g. Metal: Nickel-Brass. Diameter: 22.3 mm - 25.5 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay) and Lahore. Obverse: A large numeral 2 dividing the word ANN AS. Below the 2 is the legend in two lines: INDIA with date. All this within a double quatrefoil. Within each scallop of the quatrefoil is the value in one of four native languages: Urdu, Telugu, Nagari and Bengali. Between the quatrefoil and each of the four corners of the rim is a winged ornament. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR. Second head, low relief, large crown and larger triangles on left and right in the center of the crown. All this with a serrated circle. Outside the circle in each corner on a raised table is a winged ornament. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1942-1944 + Lahore: 1944.

Note: Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a small dot before and after the date. In Bombay mint there is also a small diamond mark seen below any alphabet of word word "EMPEROR". On 1944 Lahore issues, a tiny L replaces the decorative stroke in the four quatrefoil angles.

 

Year: 1942. Weight: 5.67g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 133,000,004 (including all four type).

Type I.

Type II. Weight: 5.63g.

Type III. Weight: 5.84g.

Type IV. Weight: 5.89g.

Year: 1943. Weight: 5.75g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 343,680,000.

Note: Small "3" in Date.

Year: 1944. Weight: 5.86g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 219,700,000 (mintage also includes for below coin and large 44 in Date issues).

Pointed end of inner circle of "9" in Date.

Same as above coin, but different style of Date.

Weight: 5.85g. 

Flat end of inner circle of "9" in Date.

Year: 1944. Weight: 5.79g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: 6,352,000.

Note: A tiny L replaces the decorative stroke in the all four quatrefoil angles as shown. Large "44" in Date.

 
KM#543 Two Annas. Weight: 5.83g. Metal: Nickel-Brass. Diameter: 22.3 mm - 25.5 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay) and Kolkata (Calcutta). Obverse: A large numeral 2 dividing the word ANN AS. Below the 2 is the legend in two lines: INDIA with date. All this within a double quatrefoil. Within each scallop of the quatrefoil is the value in one of four native languages: Urdu, Telugu, Nagari and Bengali. Between the quatrefoil and each of the four corners of the rim is a winged ornament. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR. Smaller head. All this with a serrated circle. Outside the circle in each corner on a raised table is a winged ornament. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1945 (Mintage: 136,688,000) + Kolkata (Calcutta): 1945 (Mintage: 24,260,000).

Note: These issues have smaller head of George VI than above coins KM#541a. Kolkata (Calcutta) Mint issues have no mint mark. Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a small dot before and after the date. In Bombay mint there is also a small diamond mark seen below any alphabet of word word "EMPEROR".

 

Year: 1945. Weight: 5.86g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 136,388,000.

Year: 1945. Weight: 5.75g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 24,260,000.
 
KM#542 Two Annas. Weight: 5.83g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 22.3 mm - 25.5 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay), Kolkata (Calcutta) and Lahore. Obverse: A large numeral 2 dividing the word ANN AS. Below the 2 is the legend in two lines: INDIA with date. All this within a double quatrefoil. Within each scallop of the quatrefoil is the value in one of four native languages: Urdu, Telugu, Nagari and Bengali. Between the quatrefoil and each of the four corners of the rim is a winged ornament. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR. Smaller head, low relief, small crown and larger triangles on left and right in the center of the crown. All this with a serrated circle. Outside the circle in each corner on a raised table is a winged ornament. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1946-1947 + Kolkata (Calcutta): 1946-1947 + Lahore: 1946 (mintage: 25,480,000).

Note: These issues have smaller numeral 2 than the above coins KM#541a. Kolkata (Calcutta) Mint issues have no mint mark. Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a small dot before and after the date. In Bombay mint there is also a small diamond mark seen below any alphabet of word word "EMPEROR". According to Pridmore, Lahore mint is without "L" mark, but have a small diamond-shaped mark left of date.

 

Year: 1946. Weight: 5.78g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 52,500,000.

Year: 1946. Weight: 5.74g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 67,276,000.

Normal "6" in Date.

Same as above coin, but different size in Date.

Weight: 5.96g.

Large "6" in Date.

Year: 1946. Weight: 5.80g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: 25,480,000.

Note: Lahore mint without "L" mark, but have a small diamond-shaped mark below "E" in EMPEROR. The position is not fixed and can be below P or ER as well. It may or may not also have a small diamond-shaped mark on any place on Date side as well. For this displayed coin, the small diamond shaped mark can be seen above second "N", below first "N" and above "A" in "ANNAS".

Year: 1947. Weight: 5.72g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 38,908,000.

Year: 1947. Weight: 5.80g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 57,428,000.
 
 
Quarter Rupee = Four Annas
 
KM#544 Quarter Rupee. Weight: 2.91g. Metal: 0.917 Silver. Diameter: 19.5 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay) and Kolkata (Calcutta). Obverse: The legend within a single line circle: 1/4 RUPEE INDIA with date. Surrounded by a saracenic (designating, characterizing, or relating to Muslim art or architecture) scroll composed of conventional representations of a rose, thistle and shamrock. At the top and bottom are different representations of the Indian lotus flower. Serif style lettering with normal (not star like) lotus. All this is within another plain circle that is in turn within a raised, decorative-toothed border. Small rim decoration. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR. All within a raised, decorative-toothed border. First head, hight relief, long trefoils. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1939 + Kolkata (Calcutta): 1938-1939.

Note: Kolkata (Calcutta) Mint issues have no mint mark. Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a small bead below the lotus flower near the rim.

 

Year: 1939. Weight: 2.91g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 6,770,000.

Year: 1939. Weight: 2.90g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 3,071,555.
 
KM#544a Quarter Rupee. Weight: 2.91g. Metal: 0.500 Silver. Diameter: 19.5 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay) and Kolkata (Calcutta). Obverse: The legend within a single line circle: 1/4 RUPEE INDIA with date. Surrounded by a saracenic (designating, characterizing, or relating to Muslim art or architecture) scroll composed of conventional representations of a rose, thistle and shamrock. At the top and bottom are different representations of the Indian lotus flower. Serif style lettering with normal (not star like) lotus. All this is within another plain circle that is in turn within a raised, decorative-toothed border. Small rim decoration. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR. All within a raised, decorative-toothed border. First head, hight relief, long trefoils. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1940.

Note: Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a small bead below the lotus flower near the rim.

 

Year: 1940. Weight: 2.94g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 24,635,000.
 
KM#545 Quarter Rupee. Weight: 2.91g. Metal: 0.500 Silver. Diameter: 19.5 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay) and Kolkata (Calcutta). Obverse: The legend within a single line circle: 1/4 RUPEE INDIA with date. Surrounded by a saracenic (designating, characterizing, or relating to Muslim art or architecture) scroll composed of conventional representations of a rose, thistle and shamrock. At the top and bottom are different representations of the Indian lotus flower. Serif style lettering with normal (not star like) lotus. All this is within another plain circle that is in turn within a raised, decorative-toothed border. Small rim decoration. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR. All within a raised, decorative-toothed border. Large second head, low relief with short trefoils in crown. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1940 + Kolkata (Calcutta): 1940.

Note: Kolkata (Calcutta) Mint issues have no mint mark. Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a small bead below the lotus flower near the rim.

 

Year: 1940. Weight: 2.85g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 28,946,956.

Serif style lettering with not star like lotus (dot in lotus is surrounded by a regular circle). Small rim decoration. Large second head. Reeded edge.

Year: 1940. Weight: 2.87g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 68,674,901.
 
KM#546 Quarter Rupee. Weight: 2.91g. Metal: 0.500 Silver. Diameter: 19.5 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Obverse: The legend within a single line circle: 1/4 RUPEE INDIA with date. Surrounded by a saracenic (designating, characterizing, or relating to Muslim art or architecture) scroll composed of conventional representations of a rose, thistle and shamrock. At the top and bottom are different representations of the Indian lotus flower. San Serif style lettering with star like lotus. All this is within another plain circle that is in turn within a raised, decorative-toothed border. Large rim decoration. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR. All within a raised, decorative-toothed border. Small second head, low relief with short trefoils in crown. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Kolkata (Calcutta): 1942-1943.

Note: Kolkata (Calcutta) Mint issues have no mint mark.

 

Year: 1942. Weight: 2.91g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 88,096,043.

Sans Serif style lettering with star like lotus (dot in lotus is surrounded by irregular circle). Large rim decoration. Small second head. Reeded edge. This coin also exists in Serif lettering with and without star like lotus.

Year: 1943. Weight: 2.82g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 90,994,571.
 
KM#547 Quarter Rupee. Weight: 2.91g. Metal: 0.500 Silver. Diameter: 19.5 mm. Edge: Security. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay) and Lahore. Obverse: The legend within a single line circle: 1/4 RUPEE INDIA with date. Surrounded by a saracenic (designating, characterizing, or relating to Muslim art or architecture) scroll composed of conventional representations of a rose, thistle and shamrock. At the top and bottom are different representations of the Indian lotus flower. Sans Serif style lettering with star like lotus. All this is within another plain circle that is in turn within a raised, decorative-toothed border. Large rim decoration. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR. All within a raised, decorative-toothed border. Small second head, low relief with short trefoils in crown. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1943-1945 + Lahore: 1943-1945.

Note: Kolkata (Calcutta) Mint issues have no mint mark. Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a small bead below the lotus flower near the rim, except those dated 1943-1944 with reverse B (diamond shape is replaced with dot). Lahore Mint issues have a small "L" in the same position.

 

Year: 1943. Weight: 2.82g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 95,200,000 (including Small  Dot, Large Dot and Reverse B issues).

Note: This coin has Large dot below the star like lotus. San Serif style lettering. Large rim decoration. Small second head. Security edge.

Year: 1943. Weight: 2.88g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: 23,700,000.

Note: This coin has "L" symbol below the star like lotus. San Serif style lettering. Large rim decoration. Small second head. Security edge.

Year: 1944. Weight: 2.91g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 170,504,400 [including Reverse B (having diamond) issues].

Note: This coin has dot below the star like lotus. San Serif style lettering. Large rim decoration. Small second head. Security edge.

Year: 1944. Weight: 2.94g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: including above.

Note: This coin is Reverse B type (having six pointed star in the center of the below lotus dot and having diamond at the bottom).

Year: 1944. Weight: 2.91g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: 86,400,000.

Note: This coin has "L" symbol below the star like lotus. San Serif style lettering. Large rim decoration. Small second head. Security edge.

Year: 1945. Weight: 2.93g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 181,648,000 (including large 5 in date).

Note: This coin has dot below the star like lotus. San Serif style lettering. Large rim decoration. Small second head. Security edge.

Year: 1945. Weight: 2.87g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: N/A (including above coin).

Note: This coin has dot below the star like lotus. San Serif style lettering. Large rim decoration. Small second head. Security edge.

Lahore mint also has a small and large 5 issues.

 
KM#548 Quarter Rupee. Weight: 2.91g. Metal: Nickel. Diameter: 19.5 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Obverse: An Indian tiger standing and facing left. The legend below in two lines: INDIA with date. Surrounded by the value in Devnagri, English and Urdu. Engraver: Patrick W. M. Brindley. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1946-1947.

Note: Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a diamond shape below the date.

 

Year: 1946. Weight: 2.91g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 83,600,000.

Year: 1947. Weight: 2.85g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 109,948,438.

Year: 1947. Weight: 2.89g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: including Bombay mintage of 1947.

Note: Large diamond below date are considered to be produced by Lahore mint.

 
 
Half Rupee = Eight Annas
 
KM#549 Half Rupee. Weight: 5.83g. Metal: 0.917 Silver. Diameter: 24.0 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay) and Kolkata (Calcutta). Obverse: The legend within a single-line circle: HALF RUPEE INDIA and date. Surrounded by a saracenic scroll composed of conventional representations of a rose, thistle and shamrock. At the top and bottom are different representations of the Indian lotus flower. All this is within another single-line circle. All within a raised, decorative-toothed border. (Hasht ana = Eight annas in Persian). Serif style lettering. Reverse: Crowned bust facing left with legends "GEORGE V KING EMPEROR". First Head, high relief with long trefoils in crown. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1938-1939 + Kolkata (Calcutta): 1938-1939 (1938 in Proof only).

Note: Kolkata (Calcutta) Mint issues have no mint mark. Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a small raised dot below the date near the rim.

KM#550 dated 1939 by both Calcutta and Bombay have Second Head, low relief, 0.917 silver, reeded edge, short trefoils with small rim decoration.

 

Year: 1939. Weight: 5.79g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 10,096,116.

Serif style lettering. First Head, high relief with long trefoils in crown. Reeded edge.

Year: 1939. Weight: 5.79g. Mint: Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage: 3,300,000.

Serif style lettering. First Head, high relief with long trefoils in crown. Reeded edge.

 
KM#550a Half Rupee. Weight: 5.83g. Metal: 0.500 Silver. Diameter: 24.0 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay) and Kolkata (Calcutta). Obverse: The legend within a single-line circle: HALF RUPEE INDIA and date. Surrounded by a saracenic scroll composed of conventional representations of a rose, thistle and shamrock. At the top and bottom are different representations of the Indian lotus flower. All this is within another single-line circle. All within a raised, decorative-toothed border. (Hasht ana = Eight annas in Persian). Serif style lettering. Reverse: Crowned bust facing left with legends "GEORGE V KING EMPEROR". Second Head, low relief with short trefoils in crown. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1940 + Kolkata (Calcutta): 1940.

Note: Kolkata (Calcutta) Mint issues have no mint mark. Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a small raised dot below the date near the rim.

 

Year: 1940. Weight: 5.83g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 17,811,326.

Serif style lettering. Second Large Head, low relief, short trefoils in crown with 0.500 silver. Reeded edge.

Note: Just for reference, Calcutta mintage: 32,897,926.

 
KM#551 Half Rupee. Weight: 5.83g. Metal: 0.500 Silver. Diameter: 24.0 mm. Edge: Security. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Obverse: The legend within a single-line circle: HALF RUPEE INDIA and date. Surrounded by a saracenic scroll composed of conventional representations of a rose, thistle and shamrock. At the top and bottom are different representations of the Indian lotus flower. All this is within another single-line circle. All within a raised, decorative-toothed border. (Hasht ana = Eight annas in Persian). Serif style lettering. Small rim decoration. Reverse: Crowned bust facing left with legends "GEORGE V KING EMPEROR". Second Head, low relief with short trefoils in crown. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1941-1942.

Note: Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a small raised dot below the date near the rim.

 

Year: 1941. Weight: 5.82g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 26,100,304.

Serif style lettering. Second Large Head, low relief, short trefoils in crown with 0.500 silver. Security edge. Small rim decoration.

Note: Just for reference, 1942 dated mintage: 61,600,001.

 
KM#552 Half Rupee. Weight: 5.83g. Metal: 0.500 Silver. Diameter: 24.0 mm. Edge: Security. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay) and Lahore. Obverse: The legend within a single-line circle: HALF RUPEE INDIA and date. Surrounded by a saracenic scroll composed of conventional representations of a rose, thistle and shamrock. At the top and bottom are different representations of the Indian lotus flower. All this is within another single-line circle. All within a raised, decorative-toothed border. (Hasht ana = Eight annas in Persian). Serif / San Serif style lettering. Large rim decoration. Smaller legends. Reverse: Crowned bust facing left with legends "GEORGE V KING EMPEROR". Smaller Head, low relief with short trefoils in crown. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1942-1945 + Lahore: 1943-1945.

Note: Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a small raised dot below the date near the rim. Lahore Mint issues have a small "L" in the same position.

 

Year: 1942. Weight: 5.72g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 61,600,001 (including KM#551 dated 1942 issues).

Serif style lettering. Second Small Head, low relief, short trefoils in crown with 0.500 silver. Security edge. Large rim decoration. Dot below the lotus flower.

Year: 1943. Weight: 5.82g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 95,400,000 (including Diamond mint mark).

San Serif style lettering. Second Small Head, low relief, short trefoils in crown with 0.500 silver. Security edge. Large rim decoration. Dot below the lotus flower.

Same as above coin, but contents more Zinc and Brass composition. Perhaps a test coin.

Weight: 5.67g.

Same as above coin, but contents more Zinc composition. Perhaps a test coin.

Weight: 5.68g.

Year: 1943. Weight: 5.76g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: 9,000,000.

San Serif style lettering. Second Small Head, low relief, short trefoils in crown with 0.500 silver. Security edge. Large rim decoration. "L" below the lotus flower.

The most interesting thing in all Lahore Half Rupees dated 1943, is that the "3" has broken lower curve in date, having a dot in between. The engravers did a mistake, therefore additional dot was added for the Persian word "هشت", which translates in English as Eight.

Year: 1944. Weight: 5.78g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: 79,100,000.

San Serif style lettering. Second Small Head, low relief, short trefoils in crown with 0.500 silver. Security edge. Large rim decoration. "L" below the lotus flower.

Year: 1945. Weight: 5.71g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 32,722,000 (including large 5 issues).

Note: This coin has small 5 in date. Coins with large 5 also exits.

San Serif style lettering. Second Small Head, low relief, short trefoils in crown with 0.500 silver. Security edge. Large rim decoration. Dot below the lotus flower.

Year: 1945. Weight: 5.84g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: 79,191,939 (including large 5 issues).

Note: This coin has small 5 in date. Coins with large 5 also exits.

San Serif style lettering. Second Small Head, low relief, short trefoils in crown with 0.500 silver. Security edge. Large rim decoration. "L" below the lotus flower.

 
KM#553 Half Rupee. Weight: 5.83g. Metal: Nickel. Diameter: 24.0 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Obverse: An Indian tiger standing and facing left. The legend below in two lines: INDIA with date. Surrounded by the value in Devnagri, English and Urdu. Engraver: Patrick W. M. Brindley. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1946-1947.

Note: Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a diamond shape below the date.

 

Year: 1946. Weight: 5.67g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 47,500,000.

Year: 1947. Weight: 5.89g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 62,724,000.
 
 
Rupee
 
KM#555 Rupee. Weight: 11.66g. Metal: 0.917 Silver. Diameter: 31.0 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Obverse: The legend within a single line circle: ONE RUPEE INDIA and - (date) - Surrounded by a saracenic scroll composed of conventional representations of a rose, thistle and shamrock. At the top and bottom are different representations of the Indian lotus flower. All this is within another plain circle. All within a raised, decorative-toothed border. (Yek rupiya = One rupee in Persian).  Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left and surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR. All within a raised with decorative-toothed rim. Second Head with small rim decoration. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1938-1939.

Note: Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a small raised dot below the date near the rim, except 1938 dated issue which also exists without dot.

KM#554 also exists as First head, reeded edge with high relief only produced by Calcutta mint as Proof, dated 1938-1939.

 

Year: 1938. Weight: 11.58g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 7,351,634 (including below).

Bombay mint without dot below the lotus near the rim.

Serif lettering. Second Large Head, low relief with small rim decoration. Short trefoils in crown with 0.917 silver fineness. Reeded edge.

Year: 1938. Weight: 11.53g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: N/A (including above).

Serif lettering. Second Large Head, low relief with small rim decoration. Short trefoils in crown with 0.917 silver fineness. Reeded edge.

Year: 1939. Weight: 11.58g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 2,450,544.

Serif lettering. Second Large Head, low relief with small rim decoration. Short trefoils in crown with 0.917 silver fineness. Reeded edge.

This coin is known as King of all Rupees as the silver prices went up after the war broke out in 1939, most of these coins were melted and withdrawn from circulation. Surprising the 1939 dated Rupee, security edge with 0.500 silver fineness is more valuable than this coin.

 
KM#556 Rupee. Weight: 11.66g. Metal: 0.500 Silver. Diameter: 31.0 mm. Edge: Security. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Obverse: The legend within a single line circle: ONE RUPEE INDIA and - (date) - Surrounded by a saracenic scroll composed of conventional representations of a rose, thistle and shamrock. At the top and bottom are different representations of the Indian lotus flower. All this is within another plain circle. All within a raised, decorative-toothed border. (Yek rupiya = One rupee in Persian). Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left and surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR. All within a raised with decorative-toothed rim. Second Head with small rim decoration on George VI side. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1939-1941 and 1943.

Note: Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a small raised dot below the date near the rim.

 

Year: 1940. Weight: 11.40g. Metal: Zinc. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay).

Year: 1940. Weight: 11.53g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 153,120,002.

Serif lettering. Second Large Head, low relief with small rim decoration. Short trefoils in crown with 0.500 silver fineness. Security edge.

Year: 1941. Weight: 11.53g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 111,480,000.

Serif lettering. Second Large Head, low relief with small rim decoration. Short trefoils in crown with 0.500 silver fineness. Security edge.

 

 
KM#557 Rupee. Weight: 11.66g. Metal: 0.500 Silver. Diameter: 31.0 mm. Edge: Security. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay) and Lahore. Obverse: The legend within a single line circle: ONE RUPEE INDIA and - (date) - Surrounded by a saracenic scroll composed of conventional representations of a rose, thistle and shamrock. At the top and bottom are different representations of the Indian lotus flower. All this is within another plain circle. All within a raised, decorative-toothed border. (Yek rupiya = One rupee in Persian).  Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left and surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR. All within a raised with decorative-toothed rim. Smaller Head with large rim decoration on George VI side. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1942-1945 + Lahore: 1943-1945.

Note: Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a small raised dot below the date near the rim. Lahore Mint issues have a small "L" in the same position.

 

Year: 1942. Weight: 11.52g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 244,500,001.

Serif lettering. Second Small Head, low relief with large rim decoration. Short trefoils in crown with 0.500 silver fineness. Security edge. Smaller legends.

Same as above coin but has more extended border on both sides, slightly smaller in size and weight = 11.05g.

Year: 1943. Weight: 11.68g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 65,994,636.

Serif lettering. Second Small Head, low relief with large rim decoration. Short trefoils in crown with 0.500 silver fineness. Security edge. This coin has large "3" in date, with star flower at the bottom. Smaller legends on George VI side

Same as above coin, but different size in Date. Weight: 11.56g.

It has long tail of last R in EMPEROR. 26 types are known to exists for 1943 Rupee coin with a combination of four different types of flower at the bottom, rim types and sizes, thickness in legend and style of last R in EMPEROR. 

Note: Small "3" in Date. Small legends on both sides.

Year: 1944. Weight: 11.50g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 146,206,000 (including Reverse B).

Dot below the lotus.

San Serif lettering. Second Small Head, low relief with large rim decoration. Short trefoils in crown with 0.500 silver fineness. Security edge. Smaller legends.

 

Same as above coin, but...

Weight: 11.65g.

Reverse B (diamond below lotus flower on the top) type have Serif lettering with Six-leaf lotus.

Year: 1944. Weight: 11.53g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: 85,400,000 (including both small and Large "L").

Small "L" mint mark below the lotus.

San Serif lettering. Slightly Smaller Head, low relief with large rim decoration. Short trefoils in crown with 0.500 silver fineness. Security edge. Smaller legends.

Year: 1944. Weight: 11.58g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: N/A.

Large "L" mint mark below the lotus.

San Serif lettering. Slightly Smaller Head, low relief with large rim decoration. Short trefoils in crown with 0.500 silver fineness. Security edge. Smaller legends.

Year: 1945. Weight: 11.69g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 142,666,000.

Note: This coin has small 5 in date. Coins with large 5 also exits.

Serif lettering. Slightly Smaller Head, low relief with large rim decoration. Short trefoils in crown with 0.500 silver fineness. Security edge. Smaller legends. Dot below the lotus flower.

Year: 1945. Weight: 11.49g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: 118,125,532.

"L" mint mark below the lotus.

Serif lettering. Slightly Smaller Head, low relief with large rim decoration. Short trefoils in crown with 0.500 silver fineness. Security edge. Smaller legends.

 
KM#559 Rupee. Weight: 11.66g. Metal: Nickel. Diameter: 28.0 mm. Edge: Security. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay) and Lahore. Obverse: An Indian tiger standing and facing left. Below in two lines is the legend: INDIA and date. Surrounded by the value in Nagri, English and Urdu. Engraver: Patrick W. M. Brindley. Reverse: Crowned head of the King facing left and surrounded by the legend: GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR. Engraver: Percy Metcalfe. Mintage Years: Mumbai (Bombay): 1947 + Lahore: 1947.

Note: Mumbai (Bombay) Mint issues have a diamond shape below the date. Lahore mint without any mint mark.

The minting of a new rupee was announced on the 24th May 1947. The coin was struck in pure nickel, had a new reverse design and was slightly smaller than the previous Rupee. Issued from the mints of Bombay and Lahore.

 

Year: 1947. Weight: 11.57g. Mint: Mumbai (Bombay). Mintage: 118,128,000.

Year: 1947. Weight: 11.69g. Mint: Lahore. Mintage: 41,911,451.
 
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