Pakistan Coinage: 1952-1955
under Governor-General: Malik Ghulam Mohammad
 
Currency:  Rupee = 16 Anna = 64 Pice = 192 Pie
 
1952
 

1 Pie (1/3 Pice). Year: 1952. Weight: 1.30g. Metal: Bronze (Cu=97% + Zn=2.5% + Sn=0.5%). Diameter: 16 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore. Obverse: Value and date flanked by five stars on each side within a circle of wreath. Reverse: Crescent and star facing left above tughra with legend "Government of Pakistan". Mintage: 1951-1953 and 1955-1957.

Note: Unlisted date in Krause publication.

KM#1 1 Pice. Year: 1952. Weight: 1.55g. Metal: Bronze (Cu=97% + Zn=2.5% + Sn=0.5%). Diameter: 21.3 mm with holed 9.4 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore. Obverse: Crescent and star on the right, divides value around the top while center hole divides date. Four stars around date. Reverse: "Government of Pakistan" legends in Urdu and English around center hole. Mintage: 41,680,000. Minted Years: 1948-1952 (except 1950).

KM#3 1 Anna. Year: 1952. Weight: 3.75g. Metal: CuNi. (Cu=75% + Ni=25%). Diameter: Waved 12 Scallops; Size: 21 x 19.8 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore. Obverse: "Government of Pakistan" with date above tughra, flanked by two stars and sprigs at bottom, all within dotted circle. Reverse: Crescent on right, three stars and value above sprigs within dotted circle. Mintage: 15,430,000. Minted Years: 1948-1952 (except 1950).
Note:
  • In August 2014, one Anna dated 1952 CuNi having moon facing left was seen. This issue is considered as mint sport.
  • In 2011, 1/4 Rupee 1952 CuNi with three languages (English, Urdu and Bengali) was seen with security edge.
  • In 2011, 1/2 Rupee 1952 CuNi with three languages (English, Urdu and Bengali) was seen with security edge.
  • In 2011, One Rupee 1952 CuNi with three languages (English, Urdu and Bengali) was seen with security edge.
 
1953
 
Introduction of Bengali language on Pakistan Coinage: The issue of language had been a bone of contention between the two wings since the Quaid-i-Azam's first visit to Dacca in early 1948 when the founder declared in no uncertain words that Pakistan will have only a single national language, and that will be "Urdu, Urdu, and only Urdu!" On 26th January 1952, Pakistan Prime Minister Nazimuddin visited East Pakistan and reasserts that Urdu alone will be national language. Many Bengali protest to his statement. On 21st February 1952, police opened fire on a procession of students who were demonstrating against it. Eight students died. In March 1952, East Pakistan Assembly  passed a resolution for making Bengali national language along with Urdu. In 1953, it was realized that the majority of the Pakistan's population speaks Bengali. Therefore, a new pair of coins were introduced, bearing the value of coins written in Bengali, English and Urdu languages. On 22nd April 1954, Maulvi Abdul Haque, popularly hailed as the Father of Urdu, leads 100,000 demonstrators outside the National Assembly building in Karachi against PML's decision to make Bengali a second national language. Despite that on 07th May 1954, Pakistan Assembly declares that Bengali is to be the second National Language of Pakistan alongside Urdu. East Pakistan became an independent country as Bangladesh on 16th Dec 1971. Pakistan recognized Bangladesh during 2nd Islamic Summit on 22nd Feb 1974. Therefore from 1953 to 1974 all Pakistan coinage bear the value of coins in Bengali language along with Urdu.
 

KM#11 1 Pie (1/3 Pice). Year: 1953. Weight: 1.30g. Metal: Bronze (Cu=97% + Zn=2.5% + Sn=0.5%). Diameter: 16 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore. Obverse: Value and date flanked by five stars on each side within a circle of wreath. Reverse: Crescent and star facing left above tughra with legend "Government of Pakistan". Mintage: 110,000. Minted Years: 1951-1953 and 1955-1957.

Note: Smaller date and stars from the below coin. This coin is re-struck in December 2010 by Pakistan Mint.

The obverse side is KM#11 as above but reverse side is KM#16 (1 Pice 1961). It seems that someone was trying to re-produce this low mintage, 1 Pie 1953 coin on the already struck KM#16 coin.

KM#12 1 Pice. Year: 1953. Weight: 2.30g. Metal: Nickel-Brass (Cu=79% + Zn=20% + Ni=1%). Diameter: 20.6 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore. Obverse: Value written in Bengali, English and Urdu. Oat sprigs on both sides. Reverse Legends: Government of Pakistan with Crescent and star facing left above tughra. Mintage: 47,540,000. Minted Years: 1953, 1955-1959.

KM#13 Half Anna (2 Pice). Year: 1953. Weight: 2.50g. Metal: Nickel-Brass (Cu=79% + Zn=20% + Ni=1%). Diameter: Flat: 17.4 mm, Corner: 19.8 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore. Obverse: Value written in Bengali, English and Urdu. Date divides wreath, value in center. Reverse Legends: Government of Pakistan with Crescent on Left above tughra. Mintage: 8,350,000. Minted Years: 1953, 1955 and 1958.

KM#14 1 Anna. Year: 1953. Weight: 2.90g. Metal: CuNi. (Cu=75% + Ni=25%). Diameter: Waved 8 Scallops; Size: 19.5 x 18.5 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore. Obverse: Value written in Bengali, English and Urdu. Date divides wreath, value in center. Reverse Legends: Government of Pakistan with Crescent on Left above tughra. Mintage: 9,350,000. Minted Years: 1953-1958.

KM#15 2 Anna. Year: 1953. Weight: 5.80g. Metal: CuNi. (Cu=75% + Ni=25%). Diameter: Flat: 22.3 mm, Corner: 25.4 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore. Obverse: Value written in Bengali, English and Urdu. Date divides wreath, value in center. Reverse Legends: Government of Pakistan with Crescent on Left above tughra. Mintage: 7,910,000. Minted Years: 1953-1959.
 
1954
 

KM#14 1 Anna. Year: 1954. Weight: 2.90g. Metal: CuNi. (Cu=75% + Ni=25%). Diameter: Waved 8 Scallops; Size: 19.5 x 18.5 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore. Obverse: Value written in Bengali, English and Urdu. Date divides wreath, value in center. Reverse Legends: Government of Pakistan with Crescent on Left above tughra. Mintage: 35,360,000. Minted Years: 1953-1958.

KM#15 2 Anna. Year: 1954. Weight: 5.80g. Metal: CuNi. (Cu=75% + Ni=25%). Diameter: Flat: 22.3 mm, Corner: 25.4 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore. Obverse: Value written in Bengali, English and Urdu. Date divides wreath, value in center. Reverse Legends: Government of Pakistan with Crescent on Left above tughra. Mintage: 5,740,000. Minted Years: 1953-1959.
 
1955
 

KM#11 1 Pie (1/3 Pice). Year: 1955. Weight: 1.30g. Metal: Bronze (Cu=97% + Zn=2.5% + Sn=0.5%). Diameter: 16 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore. Obverse: Value and date flanked by five stars on each side within a circle of wreath. Reverse: Crescent and star facing left above tughra with legend "Government of Pakistan". Mintage: 211,000. Minted Years: 1951-1953 and 1955-1957.

KM#12 1 Pice. Year: 1955. Weight: 2.30g. Metal: Nickel-Brass (Cu=79% + Zn=20% + Ni=1%). Diameter: 20.6 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore. Obverse: Value written in Bengali, English and Urdu. Oat sprigs on both sides. Reverse Legends: Government of Pakistan with Crescent and star facing left above tughra. Mintage: 31,280,000. Minted Years: 1953, 1955-1959.

KM#13 Half Anna (2 Pice). Year: 1955. Weight: 2.50g. Metal: Nickel-Brass (Cu=79% + Zn=20% + Ni=1%). Diameter: Flat: 17.4 mm, Corner: 19.8 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore. Obverse: Value written in Bengali, English and Urdu. Date divides wreath, value in center. Reverse Legends: Government of Pakistan with Crescent on Left above tughra. Mintage: 17,310,000. Minted Years: 1953, 1955 and 1958.

KM#14 1 Anna. Year: 1955. Weight: 2.90g. Metal: CuNi. (Cu=75% + Ni=25%). Diameter: Waved 8 Scallops; Size: 19.5 x 18.5 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore. Obverse: Value written in Bengali, English and Urdu. Date divides wreath, value in center. Reverse Legends: Government of Pakistan with Crescent on Left above tughra. Mintage: 6,230,000. Minted Years: 1953-1958.

KM#15 2 Anna. Year: 1955. Weight: 5.80g. Metal: CuNi. (Cu=75% + Ni=25%). Diameter: Flat: 22.3mm, Corner: 25.4 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore. Obverse: Value written in Bengali, English and Urdu. Date divides wreath, value in center. Reverse Legends: Government of Pakistan with Crescent on Left above tughra. Mintage: 6,230,000. Minted Years: 1953-1959.
 
Early coins used:

Early coins of small dynasties and Princely states joining Pakistan:

  • 550 - 350 BC: Taxila (Taksasila) [05 bars]
  • 170 BC - 375 CE: Eucratid Bactria and Kushanid Empire of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa [04 coins]
  • 0 - 100 CE: Prata Rajas and Barbaric Sassanide coins of Balochistan [02 coins]
  • c. 400 - 530 The Hephthalites at Punjab [01 coin]
  • c. 600 - 1845: Habbarid, Qarlukhid, Samma, Arghun Tarkhans and Talpur Dynasties of Sindh [13 coins]
  • 1719 - 1755: Gakhar and later Khanpur (Jagir) [02 coins]
  • 1865 - 1893: Kalat [01 coin]
  • 1865 - 1940: Bahawalpur [06 coins]

View coins issued during the Governor-General and Presidential rulers of Pakistan:

Other Pakistan related Numismatic Items:

 
 
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