Pakistan Coinage: 1952-1955
under Governor-General: Malik Ghulam Mohammad
 
Currency:  Rupee = 16 Anna = 64 Pice = 192 Pie
 
1952
 

KM#11 1 Pie (1/3 Pice). Year: 1952. Weight: 1.296g (20 grains). Metal: Bronze (Cu=97% + Zn=2.5% + Sn=0.5%). Diameter: 15.90 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore. Obverse: Value "ONE PIE" written at the top and "ایک پائی" (Ek Pai) written in Urdu in the Center. Date at the bottom. Value and date flanked by five stars on each side; all within a circle of wreath.

Note: Unlisted date in Krause publication.

Reverse: Crescent and star facing left at the top. "حکومتِ پاکستان" (Hukumat-e-Pakistan) tughra in the center. "GOVERNMENT" written clockwise at the left side and "OF PAKISTAN" written clockwise at the right side. Mintage: N/A. Mintage: 1951-1953 and 1955-1957.

KM#1 1 Pice. Year: 1952. Weight: 1.944g (30 grains). Metal: Bronze (Cu=97% + Zn=2.5% + Sn=0.5%). Diameter: 21.34 mm and hole 9.8 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore. Obverse: Crescent and star facing right, divides value "ONE PICE" at the top. Center hole divides Date. Four stars around date. Value "ایک پیسہ" (Ek Paisa) written at the bottom.
Reverse: "حکومتِ پاکستان" (Hukumat-e-Pakistan) written in Urdu at the top and "GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN" in English at the bottom section around center hole. Mintage: 41,676,794. Minted Years: 1948-1949 and 1951-1952.

KM#3 1 Anna. Year: 1952. Weight: [3.8879g (60 grains)]. Metal: CuNi. (Cu=75% + Ni=25%). Diameter: Waved 12 Scallops; Size: 21.00 x 19.80 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Bombay. Obverse: "GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN" written in three lines at the top. "حکومتِ پاکستان" (Hukumat-e-Pakistan) tughra below Date. One star each on upper left side and upper right side. All legends and wreath within dotted circle.
Reverse: Value "ایک آنہ" (Ek Anna) written at the top. Crescent and Star facing right in the center. One star each on upper left side and upper right side. Value "ONE ANNA" above sprigs/wreath. All legends and wreath within dotted circle. Mintage: 15,432,000. Minted Years: 1948, 1949, 1949 dot, 1951 and 1952.

1 Anna. Year: 1952. Weight: 3.74g [3.8879g (60 grains)]. Metal: CuNi. (Cu=75% + Ni=25%). Diameter: Waved 12 Scallops; Size: 21.00 x 19.80 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Bombay. Obverse: "GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN" written in three lines at the top. "حکومتِ پاکستان" (Hukumat-e-Pakistan) tughra below Date. One star each on upper left side and upper right side. All legends and wreath within dotted circle.
Reverse: Value "ایک آنہ" (Ek Anna) written at the top. Crescent and Star facing left in the center. One star each on upper left side and upper right side. Value "ONE ANNA" above sprigs/wreath. All legends and wreath within dotted circle. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: 1949 without Dot, 1949 dot, 1951 and 1952 (unlisted and mint sport issues).

Note: In August 2014, one Anna dated 1952 CuNi having moon facing left was seen. This issue is considered as mint sport.

Note:
  • In 2011, 1/4 Rupee 1952 CuNi with three languages (English, Urdu and Bengali) was seen with security edge.
  • In 2011, 1/2 Rupee 1952 CuNi with three languages (English, Urdu and Bengali) was seen with security edge.
  • In 2011, One Rupee 1952 CuNi with three languages (English, Urdu and Bengali) was seen with security edge.
 
1953
 
Introduction of Bengali language on Pakistan Coinage: The issue of language had been a bone of contention between the two wings since the Quaid-i-Azam's first visit to Dacca in early 1948 when the founder declared in no uncertain words that Pakistan will have only a single national language, and that will be "Urdu, Urdu, and only Urdu!" On 26th January 1952, Pakistan Prime Minister Nazimuddin visited East Pakistan and reasserts that Urdu alone will be national language. Many Bengali protest to his statement. On 21st February 1952, police opened fire on a procession of students who were demonstrating against it. Eight students died. In March 1952, East Pakistan Assembly  passed a resolution for making Bengali national language along with Urdu. In 1953, it was realized that the majority of the Pakistan's population speaks Bengali. Therefore, a new pair of coins were introduced, bearing the value of coins written in Bengali, English and Urdu languages. On 22nd April 1954, Maulvi Abdul Haque, popularly hailed as the Father of Urdu, leads 100,000 demonstrators outside the National Assembly building in Karachi against PML's decision to make Bengali a second national language. Despite that on 07th May 1954, Pakistan Assembly declares that Bengali is to be the second National Language of Pakistan alongside Urdu. East Pakistan became an independent country as Bangladesh on 16th Dec 1971. Pakistan recognized Bangladesh during 2nd Islamic Summit on 22nd Feb 1974. Therefore from 1953 to 1974 all Pakistan coinage bear the value of coins in Bengali language along with Urdu.
 

KM#11 1 Pie (1/3 Pice). Year: 1953. Weight: 1.296g (20 grains). Metal: Bronze (Cu=97% + Zn=2.5% + Sn=0.5%). Diameter: 15.90 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore. Obverse: Value "ONE PIE" written at the top and "ایک پائی" (Ek Pai) written in Urdu in the Center. Date at the bottom. Value and date flanked by five stars on each side; all within a circle of wreath.
Reverse: Crescent and star facing left at the top. "حکومتِ پاکستان" (Hukumat-e-Pakistan) tughra in the center. "GOVERNMENT" written clockwise at the left side and "OF PAKISTAN" written clockwise at the right side. Mintage: 1,468,800 (mostly not released in circulation). Minted Years: 1951-1953 and 1955-1957.

Note: Smaller date and stars from the below coin. This coin might be re-struck as they were released/escaped in December 2010 from Pakistan Mint.

The obverse side is KM#11 as above but reverse side is KM#16 (1 Pice 1961). It seems that someone was trying to re-produce this low mintage, 1 Pie 1953 coin on the already struck KM#16 coin.

KM#12 1 Pice. Year: 1953. Weight: 2.30g. Metal: Nickel-Brass (Cu=79% + Zn=20% + Ni=1%). Diameter: 20.60 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore. Obverse: Value written "ONE PICE" in English at the top. Numeral "۱" (1) written in the center splitting Value "ایک پیسہ" (Ek paisa) in Urdu. Value in Bengali "এক পয়সা" (Aek Payasa) at the bottom and Date above it. Oat sprigs on both sides.
Reverse: "GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN" written at the top section. Crescent and star facing left above "حکومتِ پاکستان" (Hukumat-e-Pakistan) tughra. Mintage: 47,539,214. Minted Years: 1953 and 1955-1959.

KM#13 Half Anna (2 Pice). Year: 1953. Weight: 2.50g. Metal: Nickel-Brass (Cu=79% + Zn=20% + Ni=1%). Diameter: Flat: 17.40 mm, Corner: 19.80 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore.
Obverse: "۱/۲" (1/2) written in the center, surrounded by Value in circular form clockwise, "HALF ANNA" in English at the right side, "দুই পয়সা" (Du'i Payasa) in Bengali at left side and "دو پیسہ" (Du Paisa) in Urdu at the top. Wreath at the top and bottom sections dividing Date at the left and right sides. Reverse: "GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN" written at the top section. Crescent and star facing left above "حکومتِ پاکستان" (Hukumat-e-Pakistan) tughra. Mintage: 8,356,000. Minted Years: 1953, 1955 and 1958.

KM#14 1 Anna. Year: 1953. Weight: 2.90g. Metal: CuNi. (Cu=75% + Ni=25%). Diameter: Waved 8 Scallops; Size: 19.50 x 18.50 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore.
Obverse: "۱" (1) written in the center, surrounded by Value in circular form clockwise, "ONE ANNA" in English at the right side, "এক আনা" (Aek Anna) in Bengali at left side and "ایک آنہ" (Ek Anna) in Urdu at the top. Wreath at the top and bottom sections dividing Date at the left and right sides. Reverse: "GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN" written at the top section. Crescent and star facing left above "حکومتِ پاکستان" (Hukumat-e-Pakistan) tughra. Mintage: 9,352,000. Minted Years: 1953-1958.

KM#15 2 Anna. Year: 1953. Weight: 5.80g. Metal: CuNi. (Cu=75% + Ni=25%). Diameter: Flat: 22.3 mm, Corner: 25.40 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore.

Obverse: "۲" (2) written in the center, surrounded by Value in circular form clockwise, "TWO ANNAS" in English at the right side, "দুই আনা" (Du'i Ana) in Bengali at left side and "دو آنہ" (Du Anna) in Urdu at the top. Wreath at the top and bottom sections dividing Date at the left and right sides. One star in each corner (total four stars).

Reverse: "GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN" written at the top section. Crescent and star facing left above "حکومتِ پاکستان" (Hukumat-e-Pakistan) tughra. One star in each corner (total four stars). Mintage: 7,916,000. Minted Years: 1953-1959.

 
1954
 

KM#14 1 Anna. Year: 1954. Weight: 2.90g. Metal: CuNi. (Cu=75% + Ni=25%). Diameter: Waved 8 Scallops; Size: 19.50 x 18.50 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore.
Obverse: "۱" (1) written in the center, surrounded by Value in circular form clockwise, "ONE ANNA" in English at the right side, "এক আনা" (Aek Anna) in Bengali at left side and "ایک آنہ" (Ek Anna) in Urdu at the top. Wreath at the top and bottom sections dividing Date at the left and right sides. Reverse: "GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN" written at the top section. Crescent and star facing left above "حکومتِ پاکستان" (Hukumat-e-Pakistan) tughra. Mintage: 35,631,997. Minted Years: 1953-1958.

KM#15 2 Anna. Year: 1954. Weight: 5.80g. Metal: CuNi. (Cu=75% + Ni=25%). Diameter: Flat: 22.30 mm, Corner: 25.40 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore.

Obverse: "۲" (2) written in the center, surrounded by Value in circular form clockwise, "TWO ANNAS" in English at the right side, "দুই আনা" (Du'i Ana) in Bengali at left side and "دو آنہ" (Du Anna) in Urdu at the top. Wreath at the top and bottom sections dividing Date at the left and right sides. One star in each corner (total four stars).

Reverse: "GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN" written at the top section. Crescent and star facing left above "حکومتِ پاکستان" (Hukumat-e-Pakistan) tughra. One star in each corner (total four stars). Mintage: 5,736,000. Minted Years: 1953-1959.

 
1955
 

KM#11 1 Pie (1/3 Pice). Year: 1955. Weight: 1.296g (20 grains). Metal: Bronze (Cu=97% + Zn=2.5% + Sn=0.5%). Diameter: 15.90 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore. Obverse: Value "ONE PIE" written at the top and "ایک پائی" (Ek Pai) written in Urdu in the Center. Date at the bottom. Value and date flanked by five stars on each side; all within a circle of wreath.
Reverse: Crescent and star facing left at the top. "حکومتِ پاکستان" (Hukumat-e-Pakistan) tughra in the center. "GOVERNMENT" written clockwise at the left side and "OF PAKISTAN" written clockwise at the right side. Mintage: 2,110,000 (mostly not released in circulation). Minted Years: 1951-1953 and 1955-1957.

KM#12 1 Pice. Year: 1955. Weight: 2.30g. Metal: Nickel-Brass (Cu=79% + Zn=20% + Ni=1%). Diameter: 20.60 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore. Obverse: Value written "ONE PICE" in English at the top. Numeral "۱" (1) written in the center splitting Value "ایک پیسہ" (Ek paisa) in Urdu. Value in Bengali "এক পয়সা" (Aek Payasa) at the bottom and Date above it. Oat sprigs on both sides.
Reverse: "GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN" written at the top section. Crescent and star facing left above "حکومتِ پاکستان" (Hukumat-e-Pakistan) tughra. Mintage: 31,280,000. Minted Years: 1953 and 1955-1959.

KM#13 Half Anna (2 Pice). Year: 1955. Weight: 2.50g. Metal: Nickel-Brass (Cu=79% + Zn=20% + Ni=1%). Diameter: Flat: 17.40 mm, Corner: 19.80 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore.
Obverse: "۱/۲" (1/2) written in the center, surrounded by Value in circular form clockwise, "HALF ANNA" in English at the right side, "দুই পয়সা" (Du'i Payasa) in Bengali at left side and "دو پیسہ" (Du Paisa) in Urdu at the top. Wreath at the top and bottom sections dividing Date at the left and right sides. Reverse: "GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN" written at the top section. Crescent and star facing left above "حکومتِ پاکستان" (Hukumat-e-Pakistan) tughra. Mintage: 17,310,000. Minted Years: 1953, 1955 and 1958.

KM#14 1 Anna. Year: 1955. Weight: 2.90g. Metal: CuNi. (Cu=75% + Ni=25%). Diameter: Waved 8 Scallops; Size: 19.50 x 18.50 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore.
Obverse: "۱" (1) written in the center, surrounded by Value in circular form clockwise, "ONE ANNA" in English at the right side, "এক আনা" (Aek Anna) in Bengali at left side and "ایک آنہ" (Ek Anna) in Urdu at the top. Wreath at the top and bottom sections dividing Date at the left and right sides. Reverse: "GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN" written at the top section. Crescent and star facing left above "حکومتِ پاکستان" (Hukumat-e-Pakistan) tughra. Mintage: 6,230,000. Minted Years: 1953-1958.

KM#15 2 Anna. Year: 1955. Weight: 5.80g. Metal: CuNi. (Cu=75% + Ni=25%). Diameter: Flat: 22.30 mm, Corner: 25.40 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Lahore.

Obverse: "۲" (2) written in the center, surrounded by Value in circular form clockwise, "TWO ANNAS" in English at the right side, "দুই আনা" (Du'i Ana) in Bengali at left side and "دو آنہ" (Du Anna) in Urdu at the top. Wreath at the top and bottom sections dividing Date at the left and right sides. One star in each corner (total four stars).

Reverse: "GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN" written at the top section. Crescent and star facing left above "حکومتِ پاکستان" (Hukumat-e-Pakistan) tughra. One star in each corner (total four stars). Mintage: 6,230,000. Minted Years: 1953-1959.

 
Early coins used:

Early coins of small dynasties and Princely states joining Pakistan:

  • 550 - 350 BC: Taxila (Taksasila) [05 bars]
  • 170 BC - 375 CE: Eucratid Bactria and Kushanid Empire of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa [04 coins]
  • 0 - 100 CE: Prata Rajas and Barbaric Sassanide coins of Balochistan [02 coins]
  • c. 400 - 530 The Hephthalites at Punjab [01 coin]
  • c. 600 - 1845: Habbarid, Qarlukhid, Samma, Arghun Tarkhans and Talpur Dynasties of Sindh [13 coins]
  • 1719 - 1755: Gakhar and later Khanpur (Jagir) [02 coins]
  • 1865 - 1893: Kalat [01 coin]
  • 1865 - 1940: Bahawalpur [06 coins]

View coins issued during the Governor-General and Presidential rulers of Pakistan:

Other Pakistan related Numismatic Items:

 
 
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