Alwar
 

 
State located in Rajputana with an area of 8,179 km2 in northwest India. Alwar was founded by about 1722 by a rajput chieftain of Naruka clan, Rao Pratap Singh of Macheri (1740-1791), a descendant of the family, which ruled Jaipur in 14th century. Alwar was distinguished by being the first princely state to use coins struck at Calcutta Mint. These first issued in 1877, were of the same weight and assay as the Imperial Rupee and carried the bust of Queen Victoria, Empress of India. Alwar State having allied itself with East India Company interests in their struggles against the Marathas early in the 19th century, continue to maintain a good relationship with the British right up to the Indian independence in 1947. In May 1949, Alwar was merged into Rajasthan.
 
        Nov 1775           Alwar state founded (previously part of Jaipur).
                           Founded by Naruka Chiefa, Pratap Singh.
     14 Nov 1803           British protectorate
     07 Apr 1949           Accession to India.
 

  • Udayakarna (Raja of Amber)...............................1367 - 1389
  • His 3rd son, Rao Baloji was granted the village of Barwara near Amarsar in 1390.
  • Kalyan Singh
  • He received the grant of Macheri from the Mirza Raja Jai Singh of Amber in about 1671, ancestor of the panch tikanas (five families) and the bara kotri (12 chambers) of the Alwar nobility.
  • KACCHWAHA [Naruka Lalawat clan] (title: Rao Raja)
  • Pratap Singh S/o Rao Mohabat Singh...................Nov 1775 - 26 Sep 1791
  • He was granted the title of Rao Raja and Panch Hazari Mansab by the Mughal Emperor, Shah Alam. He personally styled himself Maharao Rana Shri Sawai.
  • Bhakhtawar Singh..................................26 Sep 1791 - 27 Jan 1815
  • Adopted from Thikana Thana, son of Rao Dhir Singh.
  • Balwant Singh S/o Bhakhtawar Singh (deposed).............1815 - 1826 with...
  • (title: Maharao Raja from 1832)
  • Binay Singh.......................................27 Jan 1815 - Aug 1857
  • Nephew of Rao Raja Bhaktawar Singh but was not formally adopted.
  • Shivdan Singh S/o Binay Singh (installed in 1867)....Aug 1857 - 11 Oct 1874
  • It is believed that a regent was appointed during his reign from 1857 to 1863.
  • [title: Maharaja (Raj Rishi Shri Sawai Maharaha) from Apr 1889]
  • Mangal Singh......................................11 Oct 1874 - 22 May 1892
  • Full title: HH Shri Sawai Maharaja Sir MANGAL SINGH Virendra Shiromani Dev. Born in 1859, adopted from Thikana Thana, installed upon the gaddi on 14th December 1874, in preference to Kunwar Lakhdir Singh of Bijwar.
  • Jai Singh S/o Mangal Singh.......................22 May 1892 - 20 May 1937
  • Full title: Col. HH Raj Rishi Shri Sawai Maharaja Sir JAI SINGH Virendra Shiromani Dev Bharat Dharam Prabhakar. Installed upon the gaddi 10th December 1903; Member of Standing Committee of Indian Princes' Chamber; General-in-Chief of Alwar State Forces; represented India at Imperial Conference in 1923. Deposed in 1933 and died on 20th May 1937 in Paris.
  • Tej Singh........................................20 May 1937 - 15 Aug 1947
  • Born on 19th March 1911, second son of Raja Ganga Singhji of Srichandpura, adopted by his kinsman whom he succeeded in 1933, officially installed on 22nd July 1937 after the death of his predecessor. His elder son, Yuvaraj Shri Pratap Singh was killed on 27th March 1976, under mysterious circumstances at Alwar during the Indian Emergency. Tej Singh died on 15th Feb 2009.
  • Jitendra Singh S/o Pratap Singh (Pretender)......15 Feb 2009 - date
  • On 26 February 2009, he ascended the Alwar gaddi at the Alwar City Palace in a public ceremony.
 
Coinage: Hammered coins were produce citing Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, Muhammad Akbar II and Bahadur Shah II during their reigns, mainly Takka (metal: copper, weight: 17.5 to 18.5 grams) and Rupee (metal: silver, weight: 11.2 to 11.4 grams). Later Hammered coins with the same denomination and weight were produce citing Queen Victoria as Empress of India from 1857 to 1877. Milled Rupees were introduced from 1877 to 1891.
 
Shivdan (Sheodan) Singh Coinage 1859-1874 citing Queen Victoria.
 

KM#37 Rupee. Year: ND (1859-1865). Weight: 11.35g. Metal: 0.916 Silver. Diameter: 21.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Rajgarh.

Obverse: "متعال ملکه تخت نشن السلطنت انکت داران" [The Exalted Queen (Victoria) at the seat of the realm (England)] written in Persian in the center. "سکہ مبارک" (Blessed Coin) written in Persian on the left side anti-clock-wise. Date written on the right side anti-clockwise.

Reverse: "مہا راؤ راجہ سوائی" (Maharao Raja Sawai) written on first line. "شیودان بہادر" (Shivdan Bahadur) written in the center line. "سکہ جلوس" (coin accession) written on the right right. Reignal year written on the right side. 'ضرب راج گره" (Struck at Rajgrah) written at the bottom. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: 1859//2, 1860//3, 1860//4, 1861//4, 1863//6, 1864//7, 1865//8, 1865//9 and ND//10.

Note: The above coin has both Year and Reignal Year off-flan.

 
Mangal Singh Coinage 1875-1891 citing Queen Victoria.
 

KM#45 Rupee. Year: 1882. Weight: 11.66g. Metal: 0.916 Silver. Diameter: 31.50 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Rajgarh. Mintage: 206,000. Minted Years: 1788 (error), 1877, 1878, 1880 and 1882.

Obverse: "ONE RUPEE" written at the top within outer circle. "مہا راؤ راجہ سوائی منگل سنگہ بہادر" (Maharao Raja Sawai Mangal Singh Bahadur) with Date below it within the center circle. Wreath on both sides in outer circle. "ALWAR STATE" written at the bottom. Reverse Victoria portrait in the center facing left. "VICTORIA" written on the left side clockwise. "EMPRESS" written on the right side clockwise.

KM#46 Rupee. Year: 1891. Weight: 11.66g. Metal: 0.916 Silver. Diameter: 31.50 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Rajgarh. Mintage: 160,000. Minted Years: One year type.

Obverse: "ONE RUPEE" written at the top within outer circle. "مہاراجہ شری سوائی منگل سنگہ بہادر" (Maharaja Shri Sawai Mangal Singh Bahadur) with Date below it within the center circle. Wreath on both sides in outer circle. "ALWAR STATE" written at the bottom.. Reverse Legend: Victoria portrait in the center facing left. "VICTORIA" written on the left side clockwise. "EMPRESS" written on the right side clockwise.

 
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