Dewas Senior Branch
state located in west-central India. The raja of Dewas Senior Branch had a
palace in Dewas City. The two Maratha
princely states survived during the British Raj. Peshwa Baji Rao rewarded
the Dewas city for their army services in 1726 between two brothers: 'Dewas
Junior' to Jivaji Rao ('Dada
Saheb') and Dewas Senior to Tukoji Rao ('Baba Saheb'). Largely due to its
geographical location Dewas suffered much at the hands of the armies of
Holkar and Sindhia,and from Pindari incursions. On 12 December 1818 Dewas State became a British protectorate.
|The seats were
established in 1728 by two brothers from the Puar clan, who advanced into
Malwa with the Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao, and divided the territory among
themselves after the Maratha conquest. The two Rajas heading Dewas states
both lived in separate residences in the town of Dewas, and ruled over
separate areas. The Junior branch had an area of 440 sq mi (1,085.21 km2) and
had a population of 54,904 in 1901 (70,513 in 1931), while the Senior branch had an area of
446 sq mi (1,162.91 km2) and a population of in 62,312 (83,321 in 1931) in the same year.
Both Dewas states had 15 gun salute each. Both Dewas states were in the Malwa Agency of the Central India Agency. After
India's independence in 1947, the Maharajas of Dewas acceded to India, and
their states were integrated into Madhya Bharat, which became a state of
India in 1950. In 1956, Madhya Bharat was merged into Madhya Pradesh state.
1728 Dewas (Dewas Senior Branch) state founded.
12 Dec 1818 British protectorate.
27 Jun 1948 State extinguished.
Accession to India.
- PONWAR dynasty
- (title: Raja)
- Tukaji Rao I Puar........................................1728
- 16 Nov 1754 d. 1754
- He was the 1st Raja of
Dewas-Senior born in 1728, he subjugated and levied tributes from
several of the Rajputana states, married and had adopted children.
- Krishnaji Rao I
Puar..............................16 Nov 1754 - 24 Mar 1789 d. 1789
- He was associated with
Mahadji Scindia in maintaining control over the Padshah of Delhi;
married and had adopted children.
- Rani Savitribai (female
Nov 1754 - 1756
- Tukaji Rao II Puar................................24
Mar 1789 - 28 Sep 1827 d. 1827
- He entered into a
Treaty with the British on 12 December 1818, by which his state was
assured of protection. He married and perhaps had adopted children.
- Rani Gangabai (female
Mar 1789 - 04 Oct 1794
- Rukmangad Tukaji
Rao Puar "Khasi Sahib"...........28 Sep 1827 - 26 Jul 1860 d. 1860
- He succeeded by
adoption in 1827. He got married and had adopted children.
- Bhawanibai Raje
Sep 1827 - 1835
- Krishnaji Rao II
Puar "Baba Sahib"................26 Jul 1860 - 12 Oct 1899 d. 1899
- He was born in November
1849 and succeeded to the gadi on 18 March 1861. He got married and had
two son; HH Maharaja Sir Tukojirao III Krishnajirao Puar and Shrimant
Jagdeorao Bhau Saheb Maharaj Puar.
- Maharani Yamunabai
Oct 1860 - 23 Mar 1867 d. 1909
- Tukaji Rao III
Puar "Kesho Rao Bapu Sahib"........12 Oct 1899 - 01 Jan 1918 d. 1937
- He was born on 01
January 1888 and he succeeded his uncle to the gadi on 13th October
1899. He was educated privately and at Daly College, Indore and at Mayo
College, Ajmer; he was invested with ruling powers on 24th February
1908; he was granted the title of Maharaja as a hereditary distinction
in 1918, he was made a K.C.S.I (title: Sir) on 12 December 1911. He
married on 21 March 1908 to HH Maharani Radhabai of Kolhapur (daughter
of Shahaji II), and had children. He fled to Pondicherry, French India on 26 Jul 1934. He died in exile in
Pondicherry three years later at the age of 48 on 21st December 1937.
- (title: Maharaja)
- Tukaji Rao III
Puar "Kesho Rao Bapu Sahib"........01 Jan 1918 - 21 Dec 1937
- Continued as Maharaja.
- Vikramasimha Rao
Puar "Nana Sahib"................21 Dec 1937 - 23 Mar 1947 d. 1983
- He was son of Tukaji
Rao III and born on 10 April 1910. He married on 30 December 1926 to
Shrimant Soubhagyavati Pramila Raje (Pramulabai) alias Akkasaheb Dafle
(born 04 August 1910),
daughter of Meherban Shrimant Ramrao II Amritrao alias Abasaheb Dafle,
Chief of Jath. Vikramasimha Rao had one son and two daughters. He was
administrator from 26 Jul 1934 to 21 Dec 1937. He was known from 12 Jun
1941 as Sir Vikramasimha Rao Puar. He was President of the General
Council (Daly College) 1942-1946 and 1959-1965. He became ceremonial
Maharaja of Kolhapur 1947-1983 (adopted to Kolhapur on 31st March 1947)
as HH Sir Maharajah Shahaji II Chhatrapati. He died on 09 May 1983.
Aug 1941 - 15 May 1943 d. 2008
- Krishnaji Rao III
Puar "Aba Sahib"................23 Mar 1947 - 27 Jun 1948 d. 1999
- He was son of
Vikramasimha Rao and born on 12 May 1932.
Mar 1947 - 15 Aug 1947
- Krishnaji Rao III
Puar "Aba Sahib" (continued)....27
Jun 1948 - 21 Jan 1994
- The only son of Sir
Vikramsinhrao, Maharaja of Dewas, he was 15 years old when his father
abdicated to become Chhatrapati Shahaji II Bhonsle, Maharaja of Kolhapur.
As such, he ruled Dewas under the regency of his mother, Maharani
Pramilabai for the brief time between his succession and Indian
independence on 15 August 1947. On 27 June 1948, Dewas and other Maratha
kingdoms merged to form the Madhya Bharat Union. In the 26th amendment
to the Constitution of India promulgated in 1971, the Government of
India abolished all official symbols of princely India, including
titles, privileges and remuneration (privy purses). He as a ruler lived
a quiet life until his death at the age of 66 on 21 January 1999. He was
President of the General Council (Daly College) 1965-1968, 1987-1991 and
1995-1997. He was succeeded by his only son, Tukojirao IV.
- Tukoji Rao IV Puar................................21
Jan 1994 - 19 Jun 2015
- He was born on 17
November 1963, was the titular Maharaja of Dewas Senior and an Indian
politician belonging to the Bharatiya Janata Party. Mr. Pawar was member
of the Legislative Assembly of Madhya Pradesh. He was a descendant of
the Puar dynasty of the Marathas that ruled Dewas State. Six times
Member of Legislative Assembly, he was a popular and unassuming leader
of the masses. He was inducted in the state cabinet for two terms
serving as Minister for Higher Education, Technical Education and later
Tourism, Sports and Youth Welfare. He was elected as the President of
the Board of Governors of The Daly College, Indore in 2004, 2005, 2010
and 2015. He died on 19 June 2015. He is succeeded by his only son and
heir - Maharaja Vikram Singh Rao II Puar.
- Vikram Singh Rao
II Puar..........................19 Jun 2015 - date
- He was born on 03 May
1989, is the present titular and the 10th Maharaja of Dewas State
(Senior). He is a descendant of the Maratha Rajput Puar (Pawar/Parmar)
dynasty. He was crowned as the Maharaja of Dewas State (Senior) after
the death of his father late HH Maharaja Tukoji Rao IV Puar at the Anand
Bhawan Palace, Dewas.
British Protectorate coinage of 1888.
Currency: Rupee = 16 Anna = 64 Pice
= 192 Pie
|KM#11 Twelfth Anna (Pie).
Weight: 2.18 g [2.15
Diameter: 17.50 mm. Edge:
Calcutta (Kolkota). Obverse:
Date and denomination "1/12 ANNA DEWAS STATE S.B. INDIA" with date
below, in six lines ; all within a beaded circle that is, in turn,
surrounded by a serpentine wreath of oak leaves. All surrounded by a
raised, toothed rim.
Crowned and robed bust of the Queen facing left. Divided legend:
"QUEEN VICTORIA". All within a raised, toothed border. Mintage:
112,000 + N.A. Proof. Mintage Years:
One year type.
Note: KM#11a 1/12 Anna exists as silver
proof restrike. KM#12 1/4 Anna (Pice) were also produced in 1888
with mintage: 484,000 + N.A Proofs.
British India coins:
Coins of Indian Princely States and other