Jammu
 
Jammu borders Kashmir to the north, Ladakh to the east, and Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south. In the west, the Line of Control separates Jammu from the Pakistan region called Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Sandwiched between the Vale of Kashmir to the north and the Daman Koh Plains to the south, the Shivalik Range comprises most of the region of Jammu. The Pir Panjal Range, the Trikuta Hills and the low-lying Tawi River basin add beauty and diversity to the terrain of Jammu. The Pir Panjal range separates Jammu from the Kashmir valley. Prior to the 14th century Jammu and Kashmir were ruled by a series of Buddhist and Hindu dynasties. As Islam tightened its hold on the northwest of India, a succession of Muslim sultans occupied Kashmir until Akbar's annexation in 1587, after which it became the summer capital of the emperors of Delhi. Billawar was the capital till 1630.
 
             ...           Kingdom of Kashmir established in remote (legendary)
                           antiquity; State of Jammu established in early Middle Ages
     28 Jul 1589           Kashmir incorporated into (Mughal) Empire of Hind
        May 1752           Kashmir conquered by the newly founded Afghan kingdom
            1816           Jammu annexed to the Punjab
     05 Jul 1819           Kashmir annexed to the Punjab
            1820           independence of Jammu restored
     15 Mar 1846           U.K. government cedes Kashmir to the ruler of Jammu, thus
                           creating the state of Jammu and Kashmir
     27 Oct 1947           the ruler of Jammu and Kashmir declares the accession of
                           the state to India
     26 Jan 1957           the incorporation of Jammu and Kashmir into India is
                           declared to be complete

 

  • DOGRA Rajput (title: Raja)
  • Jambu-Lochana
  • He is consider to be the founder of Jammu State, near river Tawi. He was the brother of Raja Bahu Lochan who constructed a fort on the bank of river Tawi. Bahu Fort is one of the famous historical places of Jammu.
  • Unknown rulers
  • Kirtidhara
  • Ajyadhara
  • Vijayadhara
  • Vajradhara
  • Vajraladhara
  • Unknown rulers
  • Suraj Dev..............................................c. 850 - c. 920
  • Bhoj Dev...............................................c. 920 - 987
  • Avtar Dev S/o Bhoj Dev....................................987 - 1030
  • Jas Dev..................................................1030 - 1061
  • Founded the town of Jasrota, later made the capital of Jasrota State.
  • Sangram Dev..............................................1061 - 1095
  • Jasaskar.................................................1095 - 1165
  • Brij Dev.................................................1165 - 1216
  • Narsing Dev..............................................1216 - 1258
  • Nominal Mongol overlordship..............................1240 - c. 1345
    • Arjan Dev...........................................1258 - 1313
    • Jodh Dev............................................1313 - 1361
  • Mal Dev..................................................1361 - 1400
  • Hamir Dev................................................1400 - 1423
  • Delhi....................................................1423 - 1526
    • Ajab Dev
    • Virama Dev
    • Ghogar Dev
  • Mughal Empire............................................1526 - 1530
  • Kapur Dev................................................1530 - 1570
  • During his reign the state was split between the twin sons; Samil Dev and Jai Dev. Jai Dev received Bahu as his share of the patrimony, his descendants becoming known as Bahuwals.
  • Samil Dev................................................1570 - 1594
  • His descendants became known as Jamwals.
  • Jai Dev (Bahu) S/o Kapur Dev.............................1570 - 1585
  • Parasram Dev (Bahu) S/o Jai Dev..........................1585 - 1610
  • Sangram..................................................1594 - 1624
  • Ancestor of the Dalpatpur Royal Family.
  • Krishen Dev (Bahu) S/o Parasram Dev......................1610 - 1635
  • Bhup Dev.................................................1624 - 1650
  • Azmat Dev (Bahu) S/o Krishen Dev.........................1635 - 1660
  • Hari Dev.................................................1650 - 1686
  • Grandson of Raja Sangram Dev, during his reign Bahu was reunited to Jammu, married daughter of Raja Suraj Sen of Mandi. Ancestor of the Aknur/Akhnoor Royal Family.
  • Kirpal Dev (Bahu) S/o Krishen Dev........................1660 - ?
  • Gujai Dev (Gujja Singh)..................................1686 - 1703
  • Dhruv Dev S/o Gujai Dev..................................1703 - 1725
  • Balwant Singh S/o Dhruv Dev (Jasrota)....................1725 - 1763
  • Ranjit Dev S/o Dhruv Dev.................................1725 - 1780
  • Dalel Singh S/o Ranjit Dev...............................1780 - 1782
  • Brij Raj Dev S/o Ranjit Dev.......................04 Apr 1782 - 1787
  • Sampuran Singh S/o Brij Raj Dev..........................1787 - Jun 1797
  • Jit Singh S/o Dalel Singh............................Jun 1797 - 1816
  • Sikh Empire (Punjab).....................................1816 - 1820
  • Jammu came under the control of Maharaja Ranjit Singh Ji and became a part of the Sikh Empire. Maharaja Ranjit Singh soon appointed Gulab Singh Ji as the ruler of Jammu.
  • Kishore Singh............................................1820 - 1822
  • Jagirdar of Andarwah and was a distant kinsman of Jit Singh. He died in 1922.
  • Gulab Singh S/o Kishore Singh (Kashmir 1846-1856).04 May 1822 - 20 Feb 1856
  • After the death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1839, the Sikh Empire was defeated by the British after Maharaja Duleep Singh and was taken to England under the orders of The Company. By the Treaty of Amritsar in 1846 the British established Gulab Singh, a relative of Ranjit Singh, as the ruler of the entire region. Not having the resources to occupy the hills immediately after annexing parts of Punjab, the British recognized him, the strongest ruler north of the Sutlej River, as ruler of Jammu and Kashmir. But for this he had to pay a sum of Rs. 75 Lakhs in cash; this payment being legal as the Maharaja was a former vassal of the Sikh Empire and was partly responsible for its treaty obligations. Thus he is credited as the founder of Jammu and Kashmir. Jammu conjoined with Kashmir from 15 Mar 1846 onwards. Maharaja Gulab Singh declared himself as Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir on 09 Nov 1846. In 1948 partition, most of Jammu was occupied by India.
 
 

KM#10.1 Rupee. Year: VS 1841 RY27 (1784). Weight: 10.74g. Metal: Sliver. Diameter: 25 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal, slightly rotated . Mint: Dar-ul-Aman Jammu. Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: VS 1841 RY27 and VS1841 RY28 [both consider to be minted in 1784]. Ruler: Brij Raj Dev, but struck in the name of Ranjit Dev.
Note: The reignal year (RY) used on Jammu coins is related to Mughal emperor: Shah Alam II, who ruled from AH 1173 to 1221 (1753 to 1806 CE). These coins have been minted using his regnal year from AH 1193 RY21 (1779 CE) to AH 1198 RY26 (1783 CE) and also as VS 1841 RY27 and RY28 (1784 CE). Evidently new obverse dies were produced regularly because of the need to change AH dates or mintmarks, but old reverse dies with obsolete reignal year were used until worn out. Jammu coins were produced during the rule Ranjit Dev and Brij Raj Dev.
 
Other sons of Kishore Singh were:
  • Raja-i-Rajgan Raja Kalan Bahadur Dhian Singh, born 22nd August 1796, employed in 1812 by his elder brother, Gulab Singh, as a trooper on a monthly salary of sixty rupees, in 1818 became deorhidar or chamberlain to the royal household. He took part in the battle of Naushera in March 1823. He was granted a large number of jagirs in the hilly country of Jammu, including that of Poonch in 1827, and created Raja in 1822, and Raja-i-Rajgan Raja Kalan Bahadur on 20th June 1827, and further created Naib-us-Salatnat-i-'Azamat, Khairkhwah-i-Samimi-i-Daulat-i-Sirkar-i-Kubra, Wazir-i-'Azam, Dastur-i-Mu'azzam, Mukhtar-i-Mulk, made a Wazir, principal minister or counsellor of the Sikh State 1828 to1843, married two princesses of Siba State and had children. He died 15th September 1843.
  • Raja Hira Singh, born 1816 at Ramgarh, about 25 km from Jammu, Prime Minister of the Sikh kingdom of Lahore from 17th September 1843 to 21st December 1844 under Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Ranjit Singh conferred upon him the title of Raja in 1828 of Poonch, and of Jasrota in 1834, as well as proclaiming him Farzandi-Khas, i.e. the favoured son, married the grand-daughter of Mian Fateh Chand of Kangra-Rajgir and died on 21st December 1844.
  • Raja Jawahir Singh, 3rd Raja of Poonch.
  • Raja Moti Singh, 4th Raja of Poonch.
  • Raja Suchet Singh, born 18th January 1801, in 1822. He was created Raja of Bandralta and Samba, as well as Raja of Ramnagar, he was also made the commander of the Charyari Sowars, Ranjit Singh's crack cavalry brigade. He took part in the Peshawar campaigns of 1834-1835 and 1837 and was charged with the administration of Tonk and Bannu area in 1836. In recognition of his services in the Peshawar campaigns, Jasrota was farmed out to him in July 1835, Atalgarh and Kothi were given him as jagir in December 1836, and Nadaun worth 70,000 rupees in May 1838. He held jagirs worth 306,865 rupees annually, got married, his ranis committed sati. He died on 27th March 1844 in Lahore.
 
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