Hyderabad (Haydarabad)
 

 
Hyderabad State, the largest Indian State and the last remnant of Mughal suzerainty in South or Central India, traced its foundation to Nizam-ul Mulk, the Mughal viceroy in the Deccan. From about 1724 the first nizam, as the rulers of Hyderabad came to be called, took advantage of Mughal decline in the North to assert an all but ceremonial independence of the emperor. The East India Company defeated Hyderabad's natural enemies, the Muslim rulers of
Mysore and the Marathas, with the help of troops furnished under alliances between them and the Nizam. This formed the beginning of a relationship, which persisted for a century and a half until India's Independence.
Capital: Aurangabad (1724-1763) and later Hyderabad (1763-1948). Hyderabad was the premier Princely State, with a population (in 1935) of fourteen and a half million. It was not absorbed into the Indian Union until 1948. Hyderabad City is located beside Golkonda, the citadel of the Qutb Shahi sultans until they were overthrown by Aurangzeb in 1687. A beautifully located city on the bank of the Musi river, the mint epithet was appropriately Farkhanda Bunyad, “of happy foundation”. Hyderabad exercised authority over a number of feudatories
or samasthans. Some of these, such as Gadwal and Shorapur, paid tribute to both the Nizam and the Marathas. These feudatories were generally in the hands of local rajas whose ancestry predated the establishment of Hyderabad State. There were also many mints in the State, both private and government. There was little or no standardization of the purity of silver coinage until the 20th century. At least one banker, Pestonji Meherji by name, was distinguished by minting his own coins.
 
Hyderabad was located in the south-central region of the Indian subcontinent, and was ruled, from 1724 until 1948, by a hereditary Nizam. The capital city was Hyderabad. The region became part of the Mughal Empire in the 1680s. When the empire began to weaken in the 18th century, a Mughal official, Asif Jah, defeated a rival Mughal governor to seize control of the empire's southern provinces, declaring himself Nizam-al-Mulk of Hyderabad in 1724. The Mughal emperor, under renewed attack from the Marathas, was unable to prevent it. From 1798 Hyderabad was one of the princely states existing alongside British India. It had ceded to the British the control of its external relations but retained control of its internal affairs. In 1903 the Berar region of the state was separated and merged into the Central Provinces of British India, to form the Central Provinces and Berar. In 1947, at the time of the partition of India and the formation of the Union of India and the Dominion of Pakistan, the then Nizam, Osman Ali Khan, decided not to join either new nation. However, the following year, the Government of India incorporated Hyderabad into the Indian Union, using military force, in what was known as Operation Polo, led by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
 
     1512 - 1687           Part of the Kingdom of Golkonda.
            1687           Part of the Mughal Empire till 1798.
     20 Jun 1720           Mughal governor with style Nizam al-Molk establishes
                             a quasi-independent state.
     07 Dec 1724           Haydarabad made capital of the state.
     12 Nov 1766           British protectorate (and again on 22 Aug 1809).
            1798           
Subsidiary Alliance with the British East India Company.
                            Princely state of the British Indian Empire till 1947.
     15 Aug 1947           Nizam refuses to accede to India or Pakistan.
     17 Sep 1948           India occupies Haydarabad militarily.
     24 Nov 1949           Accession to India agreed to as of Indian Republic Day,
                             effective 26 Jan 1950.
 

  • Mughal Empire............................................1687 - 1724
  • QAMARID (Asaf Jahi dynasty) - title Nizam al-Mulk [from 24 Oct 1936, Nizam of Hyderabad and Berar.
  • Qamar ad-Din Chin Qilij Khan (Asaf Jah)...........20 Jun 1720 - 01 Jun 1748
  • Official name: Qamar ad-Din Chin Chin Qilij Khan Nizam ul-Mulk Fateh Jung Asaf Jah I, Yamin-us-Sultanat, Rukhn-us-Sultanat, Jumlat-ul-Mulk, Madar-ul-Maham, Khan-i-Dauran, Nawab Mir Ghazi-ud-din Khan Siddiqi Bahadur, Fath Jang, Sipah Salar, Nawab Subedar of the Deccan. He is also known by his titles Chin Qilich Khan (awarded by Aurangzeb in 1690-91), Nizam-ul-Mulk (awarded by Farrukhsiyar in 1713) and Asaf Jah (awarded by Muhammad Shah in 1725). From 12 Jul 1737 he liked to called himself as Asaf Jah. He was born to Parents, Ghazi ud-Din Khan Siddiqi Feroze Jung I and his first wife Wazir un-nisa Begum at Agra, 11 August 1671 as Mir Qamar ud-din Khan Siddiqi. The name was given to him by the Mughal Emperor Aurangazeb.His paternal and maternal grandparents were both important Mughal Generals and courtiers namely; Kilich Khan II (Paternal) and Jumlat-ul-Mulk Allami Sa'adullah Khan (Maternal), the Prime Minister of Emperor Shah Jahan. At the age of six, Mir Qumaruddin Siddiqi accompanied his father to the Mughal court in 1677. Aurangazeb awarded him a Mansab. Mir Qumaruddin Siddiqi displayed considerable skill as a warrior and before he reached his teens began acompanying his father into battle. In 1688 aged 17 he joined his father in the successful assault on the fort of Adoni and was promoted to the rank of 2000 zat and 500 horse and presented with the finest Arab steed with gold trappings and a pastille perfumed with ambergris from the mughal court. At the age of nineteen, the Emperor bestowed on him the title "Chin Fateh Khan". He was also gifted a female elephant and now aged 20 he was bestowed with the title of "Chin Qilich Khan" (boy swordsman) for surviving an attack that blew off three of his horse's legs during the siege of Wakinhera Fort. For fighting on and capturing the fort he was raised to rank of 5000 horse and awarded 15 million dams, a jewelled sabre and a third elephant. At 26, he was appointed Commander in Chief and Viceroy, first at Bijapur, then Malwa and later of the Deccan. He was Governor of Bijaipur, subedar of six provinces of the Deccan and faujdar of Karnatak. Nizam-Ul-Mulk never openly claimed independence of the Deccan from the central government. From 1724 he carried on the government of the six subas of the Deccan without any reference to Delhi, unhampered in the exercise of all the sovereign attributes of a state., he advised his successor to keep intact the traditional relations of loyalty with the imperial government, married and had six sons. Nadir Shah entered Delhi in 1738 and ordered it to be looted and ransacked along with a general genocide of its citizens. Muhammad Shah and Asaf Jah were unable to prevent Delhi from being destroyed. He died on 22nd May 1748 and was buried at Khuldabad near Aurangabad.
  • Mohammad Nasir Jung Mir Ahmad Ali s/o Asaf Jah......02 Jul 1748 - 16 Dec 1750
  • Official name: Humayun Jah, Nizam ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Ahmad Ali Khan Siddqi Bahadur, Nasir Jang, Nawab Subadar of the Deccan s/o Mir Qamaruddin Khan Siddiqi Nizam I by his wife Saidunisa Begum. He was born on February 26, 1712. He was appointed as his father's Deputy during his absence in Delhi from 1737–1741. He attempted to seize power, but was defeated by his father at the Eid Gah Maidan in Aurangabad, on July 23, 1741. After his father's death, he ascended the throne at Burhanpur. He was killed at Dupleix-Fathabad (Sarasangupettai), near Gingee, by the Pathan Himmat Khan, Nawab of Kadapa, on December 16, 1750 and was buried at the Mausoleum of Hazrat Burhan ud-Din Gharib, Khuldabad.
  • Muhyi ad-Din Muzaffar Jang Hidayat..................16 Dec 1750 - 13 Feb 1751
  • He was born to Nawab Talib Muhyi ud-din Mutawassil Khan Bahadur (Naib Subedar of Bijapur) and his wife Sahibzadi Khair un-nisa Begum was the daughter of Asaf Jah I. Official name: Nawab Hidayat Muhyi ud-din Saadullah Khan Bahadur, Muzaffar Jang, Nawab Subadar of the Deccan. Initially he was appointed to an Imperial mansab of 3,000 zat and 2,000 sowar and later promoted to 4,000 zat on his appointment to Bijapur. He was Subadar of Bijapur after the death of his father. Assumed the Viceroyalty of the Deccan on the death of his brother-in-law on 16 December 1750. He installed at Pondicherry, where he granted territories and titles to Dupleix and the French on 31 December 1750. He was granted the titles of Muzaffar Jang and Sa'adu'llah Khan. He was invested with the Mahi-o-Maratib on 03 April 1751. The Nizam approached the French for help against the Marathas. French agreed to help. Accordingly, Nizam marched against the Marathas. However, the Nizam was defeated and had to pay 6 million rupees. He was killed in battle at the Lakkireddipalli Pass, in the Rayachoti taluka, when the Nawab of Kurnool struck him in the head with a spear on 13 February 1751. Muzaffar Jang had only one son named, Nawab Muhammad Saad ud-din Khan Bahadur who was a minor at the death of his father in February 1751. He became Subedar of Bijapur in 1751, but later died from smallpox.
  • Ghazi ad-Din Feroze Jung II S/o Asaf Jah (rebel).......Feb 1751 - 16 Oct 1752
  • He was the eldest son of the Asaf Jah. He was ignored for ascension as he was at Delhi serving the Mughal Emperor Ahmad Shah Bahadur. He died on 16th October 1752.
  • Asaf ad-Dawlah Said Salabat Jang s/o Asaf Jah........13 Feb 1751 - 08 Jul 1761
  • Official name: Amir ul-Mamalik, Salabat Jang, Asaf ud-Daula, Nawab Said Muhammad Khan Siddiqi Bahadur, Zaffar Jang, Nawab Subadar of the Deccan. His ascension took place right after the Battle of Lakkireddipalli Pass at French instigation by the help of French commander Marquis de Bussy-Castelnau. Salabat Jang was invested by Imperial firman, at Aurangabad, Maharashtra, September 12, 1749. He was granted the titles of Khan Bahadur and Salabat Jang during his father's lifetime and was promoted to Asaf ud-Daula and Zafar Jang in 1751 and Amir ul-Mamalik by the Emperor Alamgir II. Khilwath palace of Hyderabad was built by him. He was deposed by his brother, Asaf Jah II, on July 08, 1762 and ordered held in Bidar Fort prison where he was killed on September 16, 1763. He was buried at Makkah Masjid, Hyderabad. He had two sons living at Chowmahalla Palace.
  • Nizam Ali Khan Fateh Jang (Asaf Jah II) s/o Asaf Jah..08 Jul 1761 - 06 Aug 1803
  • He was born on March 07, 1734 as fourth son to Asaf Jah I and Umda Begum. Official name: Asaf Jah II, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Nizam Ali Khan Siddiqi Bahadur, Fateh Jang, Sipah Salar, Nawab Subedar of the Deccan. Immediately after the Battle of Panipat in 1761, he led an army of 60,000 and attacked the Maratha-occupied territories. Asaf Jah II became the subahdar of the Deccan on July 8, 1762. He transferred his capital from Aurangabad to Hyderabad in 1763 as Aurangabad was very close to Maratha Territory and therefore prone to aggression. In 1762, Raghunathrao allied with the Nizam due to mutual distrust and differences with Madhavrao Peshwa. The Nizam marched towards Poona. In 1763, Madhavrao defeated Nizam at Rakshabhuvan and signed a treaty with the Marathas. In 1795, he was defeated by the Marathas and was forced to cede Daulatabad, Aurangabad and Sholapur and pay an indemnity of Rs. 30 million. In 1798, judging himself menaced by Tipu Sultan of Mysore, he entered into Subsidiary Alliance with the British East India Company, this it became a princely state within the British Raj. After this treaty, Bolarum became one of the largest British cantonments in the south. Nizam Ali Khan was the absolute sovereign of the state as Mughal Subedar of the Deccan. Territories were given on contracts and the contractors were known as Taluqdars. They maintained troops for the protection of the Nizam in the Districts. The whole territory of the state was divided mainly into three categories namely "Khalsa", "Paigah" and Jagirs. A French general, Monsieur Raymond, served as his military leader, strategist and advisor. Asaf Jah II died at Chowmahalla, Hyderabad at the age of 69 on August 06, 1803.
  • Mir Akbar Ali Khan Sikandar Jah (Asaf Jah III)......07 Aug 1803 - 21 May 1829
  • He was born in Chowmahalla in the Khilwath palace, the second son of Asaf Jah II and Tahniat un-nisa Begum. He was born 11th November 1768. Official name: Asaf Jah III, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula, Sikandar Jah, Asaf ul-Mulk, Asad ud-Daula, Asad Jang, Nawab Mir Akbar Ali Khan Siddiqi Bahadur, Fulad Jang, Nizam of Hyderabad. He was married (first) with Jahan Parwar Begum Sahiba (Haji Begum) daughter of Nawab Saif Ul Mulk (Maali Mian) son of Moin un Daula Nawab Gulam Said Khan Bahadir Surab Jang in May 1800. Second with Fazilath Unisa Begum (Chandni Begum). He had ten sons and nine daughters. There was no treaty between the Nizam and the British for the maintenance of the Contingent. He allowed the state to go into debt , borrowing money at 25% interest, which resulted in the Nizam losing a substantial amount of territory to William Palmer & Company. The Nizam wavied the Peshkash (tribute) of Rs.7 lakh per annum, which the company was paying on account of Northern Circars. Royal House was shifted from Chowmahalla Palace to Purani Haweli  during his reign. The death of his favorite daughter in 1826 gave Sikander Jah a great shock that slowly led to his death on 21st May 1829.
  • Nasir ad-Dawlah Farkhunda Ali (Asaf Jah IV).........21 May 1829 - 17 May 1857
  • He was the eldest son of Asaf Jah III, born 25th April 1794 in Bidar. Official name: Asaf Jah IV Nasir ad-Dawlah Mir Farkhunda Ali Khan Siddiqi, Nizam of Hyderabad. In 1853 when General Fraser left Hyderabad and in his place General C.B. Low took over as the Resident, he received a message from Lord Dalhousie to pay sixty-four lakh rupees which were due to the British for maintaining the Contingent. On 20 May 1853 a new treaty was concluded by which the strength of the Contingent force was settled for its payments. The Contingent ceased to be a part of the Nizam's Army and became a force kept by the British Government for the benefit of Hyderabad State. He died on 18th May 1857.
  • Afzal ud-Dawlah Mahbub Ali Khan I (Asaf Jah V)......18 May 1857 - 26 Feb 1869
  •  He was born on 11 October 1827. He was the elder son of Naser ud Daula Mir Farkhunda Ali Khan Asaf Jah IV by his wife Sahebzadi Dialwar unisa Begum Saheba at Gufran Manzil. Official name: His Highness Sir Nizam-ul-Mulk, Afzal ad-Dawlah, Nawab Mir Tahniyath Mahbub Ali Khan Siddiqi Bahadur, Asaf Jah V, GCSI, Nizam of Hyderabad. He married first Sahebzadi Mahboob Begum Saheba, second Sahebzadi Allah Rakhi Begum and third Sahebzadi Hussaini Begum Saheba. He had four sons and six daughters. He was a progressive ruler, Asaf Jah V reformed the Hyderabad revenue and judicial systems, instituted a postal service and constructed the first rail and telegraph networks in the state. On 31 August 1861, the Order of the Star of India was conferred on Asaf Jah V. His dominion was divided into five Subas and sixteen districts. Each Suba was headed by a Subedar and each district was under a Taluqdar. During his reign, the reforms carried out by Sir Salar Jung included the establishment of a Government central treasury in 1855. He died in Hyderabad on 26 February 1869 and was buried at the Makkah Masjid.
  • Fath Jang Mahbub Ali Khan II (Asaf Jah VI)..........28 Feb 1869 - 29 Aug 1911
  • Mir Mahbub Ali Khan was born on August 17, 1866. He was the only son of Afzal ad-Dawlah, Asaf Jah V. When his father died he was two years and seven months old, and thus became the 9th Nizam of the Asaf Jahi dynasty in 1869. He was installed as Nizam by Mir Turab Ali Khan Salar Jung I. Nawab Rasheed-ud-din Khan Shams-ul-Umra III who functioned as the Regent. When Shams-ul-Umra III died on December 12, 1881, Salar Jung I became the sole regent. He was retained as administrator and regent until his death on Tuesday, August 29, 1911. Official name: Nawab Bahadur Sirajud Dawlah, Lieutenant-General His Highness Rustam-i-Dauran, Arustu-i-Zaman, Wal Mamaluk, Asaf Jah VI, Muzaffar ul-Mamaluk, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Sir Mahbub Ali Khan Bahadur, Sipah Salar, Fath Jang, Nizam of Hyderabad, Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, Kaiser-i-Hind, Honourable Lieutenant-General in the Army. On 05th November 1902 an agreement was signed by the Nizam's government assigning Berar districts to the British on lease on payment of Rs.25 lakh per annum. "In the Nizam's dominion, medical treatment and medical education reached a high standard of excellence. Here was held the famous chloroform commission which was due to the liberality and scientific interest of the Nizam and the energy and enthusiasm of Dr.Lawrie, the presidency surgeon. - British Medical Journal 1895". In 1893 Mahbub Ali Khan announced a major reform in the constitution of the government through an edict called "Qanunche Mubarick". On 05th May 1905, Victoria Memorial Orphanage was established in memory of Queen Victoria. In 1878 Madrasa-I-Aliya was founded and in 1908 the Mahboobia girls school was set up. On Tuesday 28th September 1908 Hyderabad witnessed disastrous floods of the river Musi, flowing through the city. On 05th February 1885 her majesty the queen empress conferred upon his highness the honour of grand commander of the star of India. Asaf Jah VI was a respected ruler and was popularly known as Mahbub Ali Pasha. Asaf Jah VI was well known for lavish lifestyle and luxuries, and had an enormous fascination for clothes and cars. His collection of garments was one of the most extensive in the world at the time, with sherwanis, shirts, coats, collars, socks, shoes, headgear, walking sticks, perfumes - not one each, but dozens of almost each item. He devoted a whole wing of his palace to his wardrobe and would never wear the same dress twice. He bought the Jacob Diamond, which stands out among the Jewels of The Nizams now owned by the Government of India. His highness had a sudden stroke of paralysis and succumbed to it at 12:30 p.m at Falaknuma palace on Tuesday, August 29 1911 at the age of 46 years and was buried at the Makkah Masjid. He married a number of times and had children.
Mir Mahbub Ali Khan II (Asaf Jah VI) coinage:
 
Currency: Rupee = 16 Annas = 64 Pice = 192 Pies (Mohur = 15 Rupees).
Five mint names are known from Hyderabad state: Amaravati, Khujista Bunyad - Aurangabad, Daulatabad, Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad and Haidarabad.
 
Note: Numeral 92 is observed on almost all coins of Hyderabad. It is not the Reginal year of the state or any king or something related to the rank of Nizam or mint identification. It is the Numerical Value of the name "Muhammad". In Islam Prophet Muhammad is praised and honored, therefore Muslims do not want his name to touched with unclean hands or thrown on the floor. For this reason they represent it with the numerical sum. Muhammad: Mim + Ha + Mim + Dal = 40 + 8 + 40 + 4 = 92.
 

Y#14 1/8 Rupee. Year: AH 1316 Reignal Year 32 [1898 CE]. Weight: 1.37g. Metal: 0.818 Silver. Diameter: 11.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Rotated. Mint: Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad. Obverse Legend: 92 Asaf Jah Nazim Al-Mulk Mim (Persian alphabet for M initial of Mahbub) Bahadur with date. Reverse Legend: Julus Maimanat Manus Zarb Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarbad (associated with prosperity, struck at Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad). Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: AH 1286-1287, 1289-1290, 1295, 1297-1302, 1304-1311, 1316-1318 and 1321.

Y#15 1/4 Rupee. Year: AH 1307 Reignal Year 23 [1890 CE]. Weight: 2.79g. Metal: 0.818 Silver. Diameter: 15.50 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Rotated. Mint: Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad. Obverse Legend: 92 Asaf Jah Nazim Al-Mulk Mim (Persian alphabet for M initial of Mahbub) Bahadur with date. Reverse Legend: Julus Maimanat Manus Zarb Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarbad (associated with prosperity, struck at Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad). Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: AH 1286-1291, 1294-1295, 1297-1302, 1304-1310, 1313-1307 and 1321.

Y#32 Rupee. Year: AH 1314 Reignal Year 30 [1896 CE]. Weight: 10.76g [11.178g]. Metal: 0.818 Silver. Diameter: 30.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad. Obverse Legend: 92 Asaf Jah Nazim Al-Mulk Mim (Persian alphabet for M initial of Mahbub) Bahadur with divided date. Reverse Legend: 30 Julus Maimanat Manus Zarb Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarbad (30 reignal year associated with prosperity, struck at Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad). Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: AH 1312-1314 and 1318.

Y#35 2 Pai. Year: AH 1329 Reignal Year 44 [1911 CE]. Weight: 3.68g. Metal: Copper. Diameter: 20.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad. Obverse Legend: Tughra: 92 Asaf Jah Nazim Al-Mulk Mim (Persian alphabet for M initial of Mahbub on right center of Tughra) Bahadur with date below. Reverse Legend: Du Pai [Two Pie] (in center circle). 44 Julus Maimanat Manus Zarb Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarbad [44 reignal year associated with prosperity, struck at Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad] (outer circle). Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: AH 1322//37, 1322//38, 1322//39 (sic), 1323//38, 1323//39, 1323//40 (sic), 1323//41(sic), 1324//39 , 1324//40, 1324//41 (sic), AH1325//40, AH1325//41, AH1328//42, AH1329//43 (sic), 1329//44 and AH1329//45 (sic).
Note: Reignal Year is written at left side, below the center circle. sic are error issues Reignal year having mismatch with the year.

Y#36 Half Anna. Year: AH 1329 Reignal Year 44 [1911 CE]. Weight: 11.47g. Metal: Copper. Diameter: 31.50 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad. Obverse Legend: Tughra: 92 Asaf Jah Nazim Al-Mulk Mim (Persian alphabet for M initial of Mahbub on right center of Tughra). Bahadur with date below. Reverse Legend: Nim Anna [Half Anna] (in center circle). 44 Julus Maimanat Manus Zarb Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarbad [44 reignal year associated with prosperity, struck at Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad] (outer circle). Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: AH 1324//38 (sic), 1324//40, 1324//41 (sic), 1325//40, 1325//41, 1326//41 and 1329//44.

Y#40.1 Rupee. Year: AH 1322 Reignal Year 38 sic [1904 CE]. Weight: 11.11g [11.178g]. Metal: 0.818 Silver. Diameter: 31.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad. Obverse Legend: 92 Asaf-i-Jah (at the top). Nazim Al-Mulk (left anti-clockwise). Bahadur (right anti-clockwise). Mim (Persian alphabet for M  initial of Mahbub on the doorway). Chahar Minar structure in the center with date below. Reverse Legend: Ek Rupiyya [One Rupee] (in center circle). 38 Julus Maimanat Manus Zarb Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarbad [38 reignal year associated with prosperity, struck at Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad] (outer circle). Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: AH 1319//35, 1321//37, 1322//38 (sic), 1321//38, 1323//39 (sic), 1322//39, 1324//40, 1325//41, 1326//41.

Note: The early renditions of the name of Asaf Jah in Type I included an accent bar at lower right making it readable as Asaf-i-Jah. This accent bar was removed for Type II during the production year of AH 1328 [1910 CE]. Numerals for 92 appear above remains same.

 
  • Osman Ali Khan Bahadur Jang (Asaf Jah VII)..........29 Aug 1911 - 26 Jan 1950
  • Nawab Bahadur Osman Ali Khan Siddiqi was born on April 6, 1886, at Purani Haveli in Hyderabad, the second son of Nawab siraj ud doalah Mir Mahbub Ali Khan,Asaf Jah VI, by his first wife Amat-uz-Zahrunnisa Begum. The death of his elder brother in 1887, rendered Osman Ali the heir apparent of Hyderabad. Official name: Lt.Gen. His Exalted Highness Rustam-i-Dauran, Arustu-i-Zaman, Wal Mamalik, Asaf Jah VII, Muzaffar-ul-Mulk-Wal-Mamalik, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula Nawab Sir Mir Osman Ali Khan Siddqi Bahadur, Sipah Saula, Fateh Jung, Nizam of Hyderabad and of Berar, Knight Grand Commander of The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, Knight Grand Cross of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire, Royal Victorian Chain, Honorable General in the Army, Faithful Ally of the British Government. Mir Osman Ali Khan was educated privately. He became a great scholar and wrote poetry in Urdu and Persian. He was also tutored in Islamic studies by Hafiz Anwarullah Faruqi of the Jamiah Nizamiyyah of Hyderabad. On 14th April 1906 he was married to Dulhan Pasha Begum, daughter of Nawab Jahangir Jung at Eden Bagh at the age of 21. She was the first of his seven wives and 42 concubines, and the mother of two eldest of his sons Azam Jah and Moazzam Jah. His second wife was Iqbal Begum daughter of Nawab Nazir Jung Bahadur (Mirza Nazir Beg). In 1911 Mir Osman Ali Khan was proclaimed the Nizam by Nawab Shahab Jung, the Minister of police. In 1912 Maharaja sir Kishen Pershad resigned as the Prime Minister and in his place Nawab Yousuf Ali Khan Salar Jung III was appointed as the Prime Minister. In 1914 Salar Jung resigned and the Nizam took the administration. Under the first head may be mentioned the despatch of the Hyderabad Imperial Service cavalry to Egypt in 1914. His exalted highness was the honorary Colonel of the 20 Deccan Horse. In 1918, Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan was elevated by King George V from "His Highness" to "His Exalted Highness". In a letter dated 24th January, 1918, the title "Faithful Ally of the British Government" was conferred on him. Hyderabad was the only state in British India where the ruler was allowed to issue currency notes. A 100 rupee note was introduced in 1918. He married and had children. He died on 24th February 1967. The Nizam was regarded by TIME magazine in 1937 as the richest person in world with estimated wealth of $2 billion; he is also regarded as the fifth wealthiest man in history with a fortune of $210 billion (adjusted to 2008 values) at its peak. The State of Hyderabad under the leadership of Mir Usman Ali, was the largest and most prosperous of all princely states in India. It covered 82,698 square miles (214,190 km2) of fairly homogenous territory and comprised a population of roughly 16.34 million people (as per the 1941 census) of which a majority (85%) was Hindu. Hyderabad State had its own army, airline, telecommunication system, railway network, postal system, currency and radio broadcasting service.
Mir Osman Ali Khan (Asaf Jah VII) coinage:
 
Currency: Rupee = 16 Annas = 64 Pice = 192 Pies (Mohur = 15 Rupees).
 

Y#45 Pai. Year: AH 1344 Reignal Year 15 [1925 CE]. Weight: 1.88g. Metal: Bronze. Diameter: 16.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad. Obverse Legend: Tughra: 92 Asaf Jah Nazim Al-Mulk. Ain (Persian alphabet for O, initial of Osman on right center of Tughra) Bahadur with date below. Reverse Legend: Ek Pai [One Pie] (in center circle). 15 Julus Maimanat Manus Zarb Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarbad [15 reignal year associated with prosperity, struck at Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad] (outer circle). Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: AH 1338, 1344//15, 1349//20, 1352//23, 1352//24, 1353//23 (sic) and 1353//24.

Same as above, but...

Year: AH 1353 Reignal Year 23 [1934 CE]. Weight: 1.90g.

Y#46a 2 Pai. Year: AH 1335 Reignal Year 6 [1917 CE]. Weight: 3.70g [3.90g]. Metal: Bronze. Diameter: 20.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad. Obverse Legend: Tughra: 92 Asaf Jah Nazim Al-Mulk Ain (Persian alphabet for O, initial of Osman on right center of Tughra) Bahadur with date below. Reverse Legend: Du Pai [Two Pies] (in center circle). 6 Julus Maimanat Manus Zarb Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarbad [6 reignal year associated with prosperity, struck at Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad] (outer circle). Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: AH1330//1, 1330//2, 1331//2, 1331//3, 1332//3, 1333//3 (sic), 1332//4, 1333//4, 1334//3 (sic), 1333//5, 1335//6, 1336//7, 1335//7, 1337//7, 1337//8, 1336//8, 1338//8, 1338//9, 1339//10, 1338//11 (sic), 1339//11, 1342//13, 1342//14, 1343//14, 1343//15, 1344//15, 1345//16, 1347//18, 1347//19, 1348//19, 1348//20 and 1349//20.
Note: Y#46a has complete Ain in the Tughra while Y#46 has short Ain produced in AH 1329//1 and 1329//2 only.

Same as above, but...

Year: AH 1349 Reignal Year 20 [1930 CE]. Weight: 3.89g.

Y#47 2 Pai. Year: AH 1348 Reignal Year 20 [1930 CE]. Weight: 11.76g. Metal: Copper. Diameter: 31.50 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad. Obverse Legend: Tughra: 92 Asaf Jah Nazim Al-Mulk Ain (Persian alphabet for O, initial of Osman on right center of Tughra) Bahadur with date below. Reverse Legend: Nim Anna [Half Anna] (in center circle). 20 Julus Maimanat Manus Zarb Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarbad [20 reignal year associated with prosperity, struck at Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad] (outer circle). Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: AH1332//2 (sic), 1332//3, 1334//4 (sic), 1344//15 and 1348//20.

Y#48 Anna. Year: AH 1347 [1928 CE]. Weight: 3.62g. Metal: Copper Nickel. Diameter: 21.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad. Obverse Legend: Value "1 Anna" written in four different languages in outer boundary. Tughra: 92 Asaf Jah Nazim Al-Mulk Ain (Persian alphabet for O, initial of Osman on right center of Tughra) Bahadur with date below. Reverse Legend: Numeral Persian 1 written with a stoke in the center. "Ek Anna" [one Anna] (left side anti-clockwise). "Sikka Usmania" [coin of Ottoman or coin of Osman] (right side anti-clockwise). Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: AH 1338-1341, 1344, 1347-1349 and 1351-1354.

Y#53a Rupee. Year: AH 1336 Reignal Year 7 [1918 CE]. Weight: 11.08g [11.178g]. Metal: 0.818 Silver. Diameter: 31.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad. Obverse Legend: 92 Asaf Jah (at the top). Nazim Al-Mulk (left anti-clockwise). Bahadur (right anti-clockwise). Ain (Persian alphabet for O initial of Osman on the doorway). Chahar Minar structure in the center with date below. Reverse Legend: Ek Rupiyya [One Rupee] (in center circle). 8 Julus Maimanat Manus Zarb Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarbad [8 reignal year associated with prosperity, struck at Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad] (outer circle). Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: AH1330//1, 1330//2, 1331//2, 1331//3, 1332//3, 1334//6, 1335//6, 1335//7, 1336//7, 1337//8, 1337//9, 1338//9, 1339//9 (sic), 1340//11, 1341//12, 1342//13 and 1343//14.

Same as above, but...

Year: AH 1337 Reignal Year 8 [1919 CE]. Weight: 11.11g [11.178g].

 

Y#59 Anna. Year: AH 1364 [1945 CE]. Weight: 3.69g. Metal: Bronze. Diameter: Square; 18.50 mm x 18.50 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad. Obverse Legend: Value "1 Anna" written on top left corner. Date on right bottom corner. Value in different languages in remaining corners. Tughra in center: 92 Asaf Jah Nazim Al-Mulk Ain (Persian alphabet for O, initial of Osman on right center of Tughra) Bahadur with date below. Reverse Legend: Numeral Persian 1 written with a stoke in the center. "Sikka" [coin] (top right corner). "Usmania" [of Osman] (top left corner). "Ek" [one] (bottom right corner). "Anna" [Anna] (bottom left corner). Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: AH 1361-1362, 1364-1366 and 1368.

Y#61 4 Annas. Year: AH 1362 Reignal Year 33 [1943 CE]. Weight: 2.74g [2.794g]. Metal: 0.735 Silver. Diameter: 20.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad. 92 Asaf Jah (at the top). Nazim Al-Mulk (left anti-clockwise). Bahadur (right anti-clockwise). Ain (Persian alphabet for O initial of Osman on the doorway). Chahar Minar structure in the center with date below. Reverse Legend: Numeral "4" with stroke (in center circle). 33 Julus Maimanat Manus Zarb Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarbad [33 reignal year associated with prosperity, struck at Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad] (outer circle). Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: AH1362//33, 1362//34, 1364//33 (sic), 1364//35, 1364//36 and 1365//36.

Y#63 Rupee. Year: AH 1361 Reignal Year 32 [1942 CE]. Weight: 11.02g [11.178g]. Metal: 0.818 Silver. Diameter: 31.00 mm. Edge: Security. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad. Obverse Legend: 92 Asaf Jah (at the top). Nazim Al-Mulk (left anti-clockwise). Bahadur (right anti-clockwise). Ain (Persian alphabet for O initial of Osman on the doorway). Chahar Minar structure in the center with date below. Reverse Legend: Numeral "1" Rupiyya [One Rupee] (in center circle). 32 Julus Maimanat Manus Zarb Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarbad [32 reignal year associated with prosperity, struck at Farkhanda Bunyad - Haidarabad] (outer circle). Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: AH1361//31, 1361//32, 1362//34, 1364//35, 1364//36 and 1365//36.
 
In 1947, at the time of the partition of India and the formation of the Union of India and the Dominion of Pakistan, the then Nizam, Osman Ali Khan, decided not to join either new nation. However, the following year, the Government of India incorporated Hyderabad into the Indian Union, using military force, in what was known as Operation Polo, led by Deputy Prime Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. He sent the Indian Army on 13 September 1948 and the Hyderabad State Forces were defeated within five days on 17 September 1948. Major General El Edroos offers his surrender of the Hyderabad State Forces to Major General (later General and Army Chief) Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri on 18 September 1948 at 16:00 at Secunderabad.
 
 
  • Indian Military Governor
  • Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri..............................17 Sep 1948 - Dec 1949
  • On 24 Nov 1949, the accession of Hyderabad to India was agreed to be on Indian Republic Day, effective 26 Jan 1950. Hyderabad was Independent during 1947–1948 and then State of the Indian Union 1948–1956.
 
  • Pretenders of Qamarid (Asaf Jah Dynasty of Hyderabad)
  • Osman Ali Khan Bahadur Jang (continued).............26 Jan 1950 - 24 Feb 1967
  • Mir Osman Ali Khan agreed to accede to the Indian Union and received the ceremonial post of Rajpramukh for Hyderabad state from 26 January 1950 to 31 October 1956. On November 01, 1956, the States Reorganization Act took effect and Mir Osman Ali resigned from this office as the states were re-organized. Hyderabad State was then split along linguistic lines between Andhra Pradesh, Bombay state (later divided into states of Maharashtra and Gujarat in 1960 with the original portions of Hyderabad becoming part of the state of Maharashtra) and Karnataka. Mir Osman Ali Khan has two sons from Dulhan Pasha Begum, Azam Jah and Moazzam Jah. Azam Jah did not enjoy the confidence of his father and on his death, the title was passed to Azam Jah's elder son, Sahebzada Mir Barkat Ali Khan Mukarram Jah, as eighth Nizam who remains the current pretender to the throne of Hyderabad. Azam Jah, was married to Dürrühsehvar Sultana of Turkey, daughter of Abdul Mejid II (the last Ottoman Caliph and cousin and heir of the last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire). Moazzam Jah married Princess Nilüfer Hanim Sultana of Turkey, one of the last princess of the Ottoman empire. Azam Jah was born on 22nd Feb 1907 and died on 09 October 1970. Full name of Azam Jah: General His Highness Azam Jah, Damat Walashan Sahebzada Nawab Mir Sir Himayat Ali Khan Bahadur, Prince of Berar, Bey Effendi, GCIE, GBE, MSM. Moazzam Jah was born on 22nd Feb 1907 and died on 15 Septemember 1987. Full name of Moazzam Jah: General His Highness Muazzam Jah, Walasham Sahebzada Nawab Mir Sir Shuja’at ‘Ali Khan Bahadur, KCIE. Seems that both Mir Osman Ali's sons were twins and married together with Turkish Princesses in Nice on 12th Nov 1931. Azam Jah has two sons: Barkat Ali Khan Mukarram Jah and Mir Karamat Ali Khan Muffakham Jah.
  • Barkat Ali Khan Mukarram Jah (Asaf Jah VIII)........24 Feb 1967 - date
  • Elder son of Azam Jan. Official regnal title: His Exalted Highness Rustam-i-Dauran, Arustu-i-Zaman, Wal Mamaluk, Asaf Jah VIII, Muzaffar ul-Mamaluk, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Barakat Ali Khan Bahadur, Sipah Salar, Fateh Jang, Nizam of Hyderabad and Berar, Imperial Prince of the Ottoman Empire, Honorable Lieutenant-General.
 
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